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Date:	Sun, 24 Jan 2010 14:50:49 +0300
From:	Dmitry Monakhov <dmonakhov@...nvz.org>
To:	linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org
Cc:	linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, Greg KH <gregkh@...e.de>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] fs: fix filesystem_sync vs write race on rw=>ro remount

Dmitry Monakhov <dmonakhov@...nvz.org> writes:

As soon as i understand all kernel version are affected, at least
I'm able to reproduce the bug on 2.6.29..2.6.33-rc4
> Currently on rw=>ro remount we have following race
> | mount /mnt -oremount,ro | write-task |
> |-------------------------+------------|
> |                         | open(RDWR) |
> | shrink_dcache_sb(sb);   |            |
> | sync_filesystem(sb);    |            |
> |                         | write()    |
> |                         | close()    |
> | fs_may_remount_ro(sb)   |            |
> | sb->s_flags = new_flags |            |
> Later writeback or sync() will result in error due to MS_RDONLY flag
> In case of ext4 this result in jbd2_start failure on writeback
> ext4_da_writepages: jbd2_start: 1024 pages, ino 1431; err -30 
> In fact all others are affected by this error but it is not visible
> because the skip s_flags check on writeback. For example ext3 check
> (s_flags & MS_RDONLY) only if page has no buffers during journal start.
>
> In order to prevent the race we have to block new writers before
> fs_may_remount_ro() and sync_filesystem(). Let's introduce new
> sb->s_flags MS_RO_REMOUNT flag for this purpose. But suddenly we have
> no available space in MS_XXX bits, let's share this bit with MS_REMOUNT.
> This is possible because MS_REMOUNT used only for passing arguments
> from flags to sys_mount() and never used in sb->s_flags.
>
> ##TESTCASE_BEGIN:
> #! /bin/bash -x 
> DEV=/dev/sdb5
> FSTYPE=ext4
> BINDIR=/home/dmon
> MNTOPT="data=ordered"
> umount /mnt
> mkfs.${FSTYPE}  ${DEV} || exit 1
> mount  ${DEV} /mnt -o${MNTOPT} || exit 1
> ${BINDIR}/fsstress -p1 -l999999999 -n9999999999 -d /mnt/test &
> sleep 15
> mount /mnt -oremount,ro,${MNTOPT}
> sleep 1
> killall -9 fsstress
> sync
> # after this you may get following message in dmesg
> # "ext4_da_writepages: jbd2_start: 1024 pages, ino 1431; err -30"
> ##TESTCASE_END
>
> Signed-off-by: Dmitry Monakhov <dmonakhov@...nvz.org>
> --
> diff --git a/fs/namespace.c b/fs/namespace.c
> index c768f73..a216fb3 100644
> --- a/fs/namespace.c
> +++ b/fs/namespace.c
> @@ -194,7 +194,7 @@ int __mnt_is_readonly(struct vfsmount *mnt)
>  {
>  	if (mnt->mnt_flags & MNT_READONLY)
>  		return 1;
> -	if (mnt->mnt_sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY)
> +	if (mnt->mnt_sb->s_flags & (MS_RDONLY| MS_RO_REMOUNT))
>  		return 1;
>  	return 0;
>  }
> diff --git a/fs/super.c b/fs/super.c
> index aff046b..756fe88 100644
> --- a/fs/super.c
> +++ b/fs/super.c
> @@ -569,42 +569,51 @@ int do_remount_sb(struct super_block *sb, int flags, void *data, int force)
>  {
>  	int retval;
>  	int remount_rw;
> +	int remount_ro;
>  
>  	if (sb->s_frozen != SB_UNFROZEN)
>  		return -EBUSY;
> -
> +	remount_ro = (flags & MS_RDONLY) && !(sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY);
>  #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
>  	if (!(flags & MS_RDONLY) && bdev_read_only(sb->s_bdev))
>  		return -EACCES;
>  #endif
> -
>  	if (flags & MS_RDONLY)
>  		acct_auto_close(sb);
> -	shrink_dcache_sb(sb);
> -	sync_filesystem(sb);
>  
>  	/* If we are remounting RDONLY and current sb is read/write,
>  	   make sure there are no rw files opened */
> -	if ((flags & MS_RDONLY) && !(sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY)) {
> +	retval = -EBUSY;
> +	if (remount_ro) {
> +		/* Prevent new writers before check */
> +		sb->s_flags |= MS_RO_REMOUNT;
>  		if (force)
>  			mark_files_ro(sb);
>  		else if (!fs_may_remount_ro(sb))
> -			return -EBUSY;
> +			goto out;
> +	}
> +	shrink_dcache_sb(sb);
> +	sync_filesystem(sb);
> +
> +	if (remount_ro) {
>  		retval = vfs_dq_off(sb, 1);
>  		if (retval < 0 && retval != -ENOSYS)
> -			return -EBUSY;
> +			goto out;
>  	}
>  	remount_rw = !(flags & MS_RDONLY) && (sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY);
>  
>  	if (sb->s_op->remount_fs) {
>  		retval = sb->s_op->remount_fs(sb, &flags, data);
>  		if (retval)
> -			return retval;
> +			goto out;
>  	}
>  	sb->s_flags = (sb->s_flags & ~MS_RMT_MASK) | (flags & MS_RMT_MASK);
>  	if (remount_rw)
>  		vfs_dq_quota_on_remount(sb);
> -	return 0;
> +out:
> +	if (remount_ro)
> +		sb->s_flags = (sb->s_flags & ~MS_RO_REMOUNT);
> +	return retval;
>  }
>  
>  static void do_emergency_remount(struct work_struct *work)
> diff --git a/include/linux/fs.h b/include/linux/fs.h
> index b1bcb27..a613875 100644
> --- a/include/linux/fs.h
> +++ b/include/linux/fs.h
> @@ -208,6 +208,9 @@ struct inodes_stat_t {
>  #define MS_STRICTATIME	(1<<24) /* Always perform atime updates */
>  #define MS_ACTIVE	(1<<30)
>  #define MS_NOUSER	(1<<31)
> +#define MS_RO_REMOUNT	MS_REMOUNT /* Alter flags from rw=>ro of mounted FS.
> +				      Not conflicting with MS_REMOUNT because
> +				      it never stored in sb->s_flags */
>  
>  /*
>   * Superblock flags that can be altered by MS_REMOUNT
--
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