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Date:	Sun, 2 May 2010 09:01:45 +0200
From:	Pavel Machek <pavel@....cz>
To:	Arve Hj??nnev??g <arve@...roid.com>
Cc:	linux-pm@...ts.linux-foundation.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
	"Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@...k.pl>,
	Alan Stern <stern@...land.harvard.edu>,
	Tejun Heo <tj@...nel.org>, Oleg Nesterov <oleg@...hat.com>,
	Len Brown <len.brown@...el.com>,
	Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@...otime.net>,
	Jesse Barnes <jbarnes@...tuousgeek.org>,
	Magnus Damm <damm@...l.co.jp>,
	Nigel Cunningham <nigel@...onice.net>,
	Cornelia Huck <cornelia.huck@...ibm.com>,
	Ming Lei <tom.leiming@...il.com>,
	Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@...el.com>,
	Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>,
	Maxim Levitsky <maximlevitsky@...il.com>,
	linux-doc@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH 1/8] PM: Add suspend block api.

On Fri 2010-04-30 15:36:54, Arve Hj??nnev??g wrote:
> Adds /sys/power/policy that selects the behaviour of /sys/power/state.
> After setting the policy to opportunistic, writes to /sys/power/state
> become non-blocking requests that specify which suspend state to enter
> when no suspend blockers are active. A special state, "on", stops the
> process by activating the "main" suspend blocker.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Arve Hj??nnev??g <arve@...roid.com>

Also note that this patch mixes up adding new in-kernel interface with
adding new userland API.

The in-kernel interface seems to be sane and it would be nice to merge
it soon, unfortunately the strange userland API is in the same patch :-(.

> ---
>  Documentation/power/opportunistic-suspend.txt |  119 +++++++++++
>  include/linux/suspend_blocker.h               |   64 ++++++
>  kernel/power/Kconfig                          |   16 ++
>  kernel/power/Makefile                         |    1 +
>  kernel/power/main.c                           |   92 ++++++++-
>  kernel/power/power.h                          |    9 +
>  kernel/power/suspend.c                        |    4 +-
>  kernel/power/suspend_blocker.c                |  261 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  8 files changed, 559 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
>  create mode 100644 Documentation/power/opportunistic-suspend.txt
>  create mode 100755 include/linux/suspend_blocker.h
>  create mode 100644 kernel/power/suspend_blocker.c
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/power/opportunistic-suspend.txt b/Documentation/power/opportunistic-suspend.txt
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..3d060e8
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/power/opportunistic-suspend.txt
> @@ -0,0 +1,119 @@
> +Opportunistic Suspend
> +=====================
> +
> +Opportunistic suspend is a feature allowing the system to be suspended (ie. put
> +into one of the available sleep states) automatically whenever it is regarded
> +as idle.  The suspend blockers framework described below is used to determine
> +when that happens.
> +
> +The /sys/power/policy sysfs attribute is used to switch the system between the
> +opportunistic and "forced" suspend behavior, where in the latter case the
> +system is only suspended if a specific value, corresponding to one of the
> +available system sleep states, is written into /sys/power/state.  However, in
> +the former, opportunistic, case the system is put into the sleep state
> +corresponding to the value written to /sys/power/state whenever there are no
> +active suspend blockers. The default policy is "forced". Also, suspend blockers
> +do not affect sleep states entered from idle.
> +
> +When the policy is "opportunisic", there is a special value, "on", that can be
> +written to /sys/power/state. This will block the automatic sleep request, as if
> +a suspend blocker was used by a device driver. This way the opportunistic
> +suspend may be blocked by user space whithout switching back to the "forced"
> +mode.
> +
> +A suspend blocker is an object used to inform the PM subsystem when the system
> +can or cannot be suspended in the "opportunistic" mode (the "forced" mode
> +ignores suspend blockers).  To use it, a device driver creates a struct
> +suspend_blocker that must be initialized with suspend_blocker_init(). Before
> +freeing the suspend_blocker structure or its name, suspend_blocker_destroy()
> +must be called on it.
> +
> +A suspend blocker is activated using suspend_block(), which prevents the PM
> +subsystem from putting the system into the requested sleep state in the
> +"opportunistic" mode until the suspend blocker is deactivated with
> +suspend_unblock(). Multiple suspend blockers may be active simultaneously, and
> +the system will not suspend as long as at least one of them is active.
> +
> +If opportunistic suspend is already in progress when suspend_block() is called,
> +it will abort the suspend, unless suspend_ops->enter has already been
> +executed. If suspend is aborted this way, the system is usually not fully
> +operational at that point. The suspend callbacks of some drivers may still be
> +running and it usually takes time to restore the system to the fully operational
> +state.
> +
> +Here's an example showing how a cell phone or other embedded system can handle
> +keystrokes (or other input events) in the presence of suspend blockers. Use
> +set_irq_wake or a platform specific api to make sure the keypad interrupt wakes
> +up the cpu. Once the keypad driver has resumed, the sequence of events can look
> +like this:
> +
> +- The Keypad driver gets an interrupt. It then calls suspend_block on the
> +  keypad-scan suspend_blocker and starts scanning the keypad matrix.
> +- The keypad-scan code detects a key change and reports it to the input-event
> +  driver.
> +- The input-event driver sees the key change, enqueues an event, and calls
> +  suspend_block on the input-event-queue suspend_blocker.
> +- The keypad-scan code detects that no keys are held and calls suspend_unblock
> +  on the keypad-scan suspend_blocker.
> +- The user-space input-event thread returns from select/poll, calls
> +  suspend_block on the process-input-events suspend_blocker and then calls read
> +  on the input-event device.
> +- The input-event driver dequeues the key-event and, since the queue is now
> +  empty, it calls suspend_unblock on the input-event-queue suspend_blocker.
> +- The user-space input-event thread returns from read. If it determines that
> +  the key should be ignored, it calls suspend_unblock on the
> +  process_input_events suspend_blocker and then calls select or poll. The
> +  system will automatically suspend again, since now no suspend blockers are
> +  active.
> +
> +If the key that was pressed instead should preform a simple action (for example,
> +adjusting the volume), this action can be performed right before calling
> +suspend_unblock on the process_input_events suspend_blocker. However, if the key
> +triggers a longer-running action, that action needs its own suspend_blocker and
> +suspend_block must be called on that suspend blocker before calling
> +suspend_unblock on the process_input_events suspend_blocker.
> +
> +                 Key pressed   Key released
> +                     |             |
> +keypad-scan          ++++++++++++++++++
> +input-event-queue        +++          +++
> +process-input-events       +++          +++
> +
> +
> +Driver API
> +==========
> +
> +A driver can use the suspend block api by adding a suspend_blocker variable to
> +its state and calling suspend_blocker_init. For instance:
> +struct state {
> +	struct suspend_blocker suspend_blocker;
> +}
> +
> +init() {
> +	suspend_blocker_init(&state->suspend_blocker, "suspend-blocker-name");
> +}
> +
> +Before freeing the memory, suspend_blocker_destroy must be called:
> +
> +uninit() {
> +	suspend_blocker_destroy(&state->suspend_blocker);
> +}
> +
> +When the driver determines that it needs to run (usually in an interrupt
> +handler) it calls suspend_block:
> +	suspend_block(&state->suspend_blocker);
> +
> +When it no longer needs to run it calls suspend_unblock:
> +	suspend_unblock(&state->suspend_blocker);
> +
> +Calling suspend_block when the suspend blocker is active or suspend_unblock when
> +it is not active has no effect (i.e., these functions don't nest). This allows
> +drivers to update their state and call suspend suspend_block or suspend_unblock
> +based on the result.
> +For instance:
> +
> +if (list_empty(&state->pending_work))
> +	suspend_unblock(&state->suspend_blocker);
> +else
> +	suspend_block(&state->suspend_blocker);
> +
> diff --git a/include/linux/suspend_blocker.h b/include/linux/suspend_blocker.h
> new file mode 100755
> index 0000000..f9928cc
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/linux/suspend_blocker.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,64 @@
> +/* include/linux/suspend_blocker.h
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2007-2009 Google, Inc.
> + *
> + * This software is licensed under the terms of the GNU General Public
> + * License version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation, and
> + * may be copied, distributed, and modified under those terms.
> + *
> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
> + *
> + */
> +
> +#ifndef _LINUX_SUSPEND_BLOCKER_H
> +#define _LINUX_SUSPEND_BLOCKER_H
> +
> +#include <linux/list.h>
> +
> +/**
> + * struct suspend_blocker - the basic suspend_blocker structure
> + * @link:	List entry for active or inactive list.
> + * @flags:	Tracks initialized and active state.
> + * @name:	Name used for debugging.
> + *
> + * When a suspend_blocker is active it prevents the system from entering
> + * opportunistic suspend.
> + *
> + * The suspend_blocker structure must be initialized by suspend_blocker_init()
> + */
> +
> +struct suspend_blocker {
> +#ifdef CONFIG_OPPORTUNISTIC_SUSPEND
> +	struct list_head    link;
> +	int                 flags;
> +	const char         *name;
> +#endif
> +};
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_OPPORTUNISTIC_SUSPEND
> +
> +void suspend_blocker_init(struct suspend_blocker *blocker, const char *name);
> +void suspend_blocker_destroy(struct suspend_blocker *blocker);
> +void suspend_block(struct suspend_blocker *blocker);
> +void suspend_unblock(struct suspend_blocker *blocker);
> +bool suspend_blocker_is_active(struct suspend_blocker *blocker);
> +bool suspend_is_blocked(void);
> +
> +#else
> +
> +static inline void suspend_blocker_init(struct suspend_blocker *blocker,
> +					const char *name) {}
> +static inline void suspend_blocker_destroy(struct suspend_blocker *blocker) {}
> +static inline void suspend_block(struct suspend_blocker *blocker) {}
> +static inline void suspend_unblock(struct suspend_blocker *blocker) {}
> +static inline bool suspend_blocker_is_active(struct suspend_blocker *bl)
> +								{ return 0; }
> +static inline bool suspend_is_blocked(void) { return 0; }
> +
> +#endif
> +
> +#endif
> +
> diff --git a/kernel/power/Kconfig b/kernel/power/Kconfig
> index 5c36ea9..55a06a1 100644
> --- a/kernel/power/Kconfig
> +++ b/kernel/power/Kconfig
> @@ -130,6 +130,22 @@ config SUSPEND_FREEZER
>  
>  	  Turning OFF this setting is NOT recommended! If in doubt, say Y.
>  
> +config OPPORTUNISTIC_SUSPEND
> +	bool "Suspend blockers"
> +	depends on PM_SLEEP
> +	select RTC_LIB
> +	default n
> +	---help---
> +	  Opportunistic sleep support.  Allows the system to be put into a sleep
> +	  state opportunistically, if it doesn't do any useful work at the
> +	  moment. The PM subsystem is switched into this mode of operation by
> +	  writing "opportunistic" into /sys/power/policy, while writing
> +	  "forced" to this file turns the opportunistic suspend feature off.
> +	  In the "opportunistic" mode suspend blockers are used to determine
> +	  when to suspend the system and the value written to /sys/power/state
> +	  determines the sleep state the system will be put into when there are
> +	  no active suspend blockers.
> +
>  config HIBERNATION_NVS
>  	bool
>  
> diff --git a/kernel/power/Makefile b/kernel/power/Makefile
> index 4319181..ee5276d 100644
> --- a/kernel/power/Makefile
> +++ b/kernel/power/Makefile
> @@ -7,6 +7,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_PM)		+= main.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_PM_SLEEP)		+= console.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_FREEZER)		+= process.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_SUSPEND)		+= suspend.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_OPPORTUNISTIC_SUSPEND)	+= suspend_blocker.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_PM_TEST_SUSPEND)	+= suspend_test.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_HIBERNATION)	+= hibernate.o snapshot.o swap.o user.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_HIBERNATION_NVS)	+= hibernate_nvs.o
> diff --git a/kernel/power/main.c b/kernel/power/main.c
> index b58800b..030ecdc 100644
> --- a/kernel/power/main.c
> +++ b/kernel/power/main.c
> @@ -12,6 +12,7 @@
>  #include <linux/string.h>
>  #include <linux/resume-trace.h>
>  #include <linux/workqueue.h>
> +#include <linux/suspend_blocker.h>
>  
>  #include "power.h"
>  
> @@ -20,6 +21,27 @@ DEFINE_MUTEX(pm_mutex);
>  unsigned int pm_flags;
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL(pm_flags);
>  
> +struct policy {
> +	const char *name;
> +	bool (*valid_state)(suspend_state_t state);
> +	int (*set_state)(suspend_state_t state);
> +};
> +static struct policy policies[] = {
> +	{
> +		.name		= "forced",
> +		.valid_state	= valid_state,
> +		.set_state	= enter_state,
> +	},
> +#ifdef CONFIG_OPPORTUNISTIC_SUSPEND
> +	{
> +		.name		= "opportunistic",
> +		.valid_state	= request_suspend_valid_state,
> +		.set_state	= request_suspend_state,
> +	},
> +#endif
> +};
> +static int policy;
> +
>  #ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP
>  
>  /* Routines for PM-transition notifications */
> @@ -146,6 +168,12 @@ struct kobject *power_kobj;
>   *
>   *	store() accepts one of those strings, translates it into the 
>   *	proper enumerated value, and initiates a suspend transition.
> + *
> + *	If policy is set to opportunistic, store() does not block until the
> + *	system resumes, and it will try to re-enter the state until another
> + *	state is requested. Suspend blockers are respected and the requested
> + *	state will only be entered when no suspend blockers are active.
> + *	Write "on" to cancel.
>   */
>  static ssize_t state_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr,
>  			  char *buf)
> @@ -155,12 +183,13 @@ static ssize_t state_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr,
>  	int i;
>  
>  	for (i = 0; i < PM_SUSPEND_MAX; i++) {
> -		if (pm_states[i] && valid_state(i))
> +		if (pm_states[i] && policies[policy].valid_state(i))
>  			s += sprintf(s,"%s ", pm_states[i]);
>  	}
>  #endif
>  #ifdef CONFIG_HIBERNATION
> -	s += sprintf(s, "%s\n", "disk");
> +	if (!policy)
> +		s += sprintf(s, "%s\n", "disk");
>  #else
>  	if (s != buf)
>  		/* convert the last space to a newline */
> @@ -173,7 +202,7 @@ static ssize_t state_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr,
>  			   const char *buf, size_t n)
>  {
>  #ifdef CONFIG_SUSPEND
> -	suspend_state_t state = PM_SUSPEND_STANDBY;
> +	suspend_state_t state = PM_SUSPEND_ON;
>  	const char * const *s;
>  #endif
>  	char *p;
> @@ -184,7 +213,7 @@ static ssize_t state_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr,
>  	len = p ? p - buf : n;
>  
>  	/* First, check if we are requested to hibernate */
> -	if (len == 4 && !strncmp(buf, "disk", len)) {
> +	if (len == 4 && !strncmp(buf, "disk", len) && !policy) {
>  		error = hibernate();
>    goto Exit;
>  	}
> @@ -195,7 +224,7 @@ static ssize_t state_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr,
>  			break;
>  	}
>  	if (state < PM_SUSPEND_MAX && *s)
> -		error = enter_state(state);
> +		error = policies[policy].set_state(state);
>  #endif
>  
>   Exit:
> @@ -204,6 +233,55 @@ static ssize_t state_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr,
>  
>  power_attr(state);
>  
> +/**
> + *	policy - set policy for state
> + */
> +
> +static ssize_t policy_show(struct kobject *kobj,
> +			   struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf)
> +{
> +	char *s = buf;
> +	int i;
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(policies); i++) {
> +		if (i == policy)
> +			s += sprintf(s, "[%s] ", policies[i].name);
> +		else
> +			s += sprintf(s, "%s ", policies[i].name);
> +	}
> +	if (s != buf)
> +		/* convert the last space to a newline */
> +		*(s-1) = '\n';
> +	return (s - buf);
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t policy_store(struct kobject *kobj,
> +			    struct kobj_attribute *attr,
> +			    const char *buf, size_t n)
> +{
> +	const char *s;
> +	char *p;
> +	int len;
> +	int i;
> +
> +	p = memchr(buf, '\n', n);
> +	len = p ? p - buf : n;
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(policies); i++) {
> +		s = policies[i].name;
> +		if (s && len == strlen(s) && !strncmp(buf, s, len)) {
> +			mutex_lock(&pm_mutex);
> +			policies[policy].set_state(PM_SUSPEND_ON);
> +			policy = i;
> +			mutex_unlock(&pm_mutex);
> +			return n;
> +		}
> +	}
> +	return -EINVAL;
> +}
> +
> +power_attr(policy);
> +
>  #ifdef CONFIG_PM_TRACE
>  int pm_trace_enabled;
>  
> @@ -231,6 +309,7 @@ power_attr(pm_trace);
>  
>  static struct attribute * g[] = {
>  	&state_attr.attr,
> +	&policy_attr.attr,
>  #ifdef CONFIG_PM_TRACE
>  	&pm_trace_attr.attr,
>  #endif
> @@ -247,7 +326,7 @@ static struct attribute_group attr_group = {
>  	.attrs = g,
>  };
>  
> -#ifdef CONFIG_PM_RUNTIME
> +#if defined(CONFIG_PM_RUNTIME) || defined(CONFIG_OPPORTUNISTIC_SUSPEND)
>  struct workqueue_struct *pm_wq;
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pm_wq);
>  
> @@ -266,6 +345,7 @@ static int __init pm_init(void)
>  	int error = pm_start_workqueue();
>  	if (error)
>  		return error;
> +	suspend_block_init();
>  	power_kobj = kobject_create_and_add("power", NULL);
>  	if (!power_kobj)
>  		return -ENOMEM;
> diff --git a/kernel/power/power.h b/kernel/power/power.h
> index 46c5a26..67d10fd 100644
> --- a/kernel/power/power.h
> +++ b/kernel/power/power.h
> @@ -236,3 +236,12 @@ static inline void suspend_thaw_processes(void)
>  {
>  }
>  #endif
> +
> +/* kernel/power/suspend_block.c */
> +extern int request_suspend_state(suspend_state_t state);
> +extern bool request_suspend_valid_state(suspend_state_t state);
> +#ifdef CONFIG_OPPORTUNISTIC_SUSPEND
> +extern void __init suspend_block_init(void);
> +#else
> +static inline void suspend_block_init(void) {}
> +#endif
> diff --git a/kernel/power/suspend.c b/kernel/power/suspend.c
> index 56e7dbb..dc42006 100644
> --- a/kernel/power/suspend.c
> +++ b/kernel/power/suspend.c
> @@ -16,10 +16,12 @@
>  #include <linux/cpu.h>
>  #include <linux/syscalls.h>
>  #include <linux/gfp.h>
> +#include <linux/suspend_blocker.h>
>  
>  #include "power.h"
>  
>  const char *const pm_states[PM_SUSPEND_MAX] = {
> +	[PM_SUSPEND_ON]		= "on",
>  	[PM_SUSPEND_STANDBY]	= "standby",
>  	[PM_SUSPEND_MEM]	= "mem",
>  };
> @@ -157,7 +159,7 @@ static int suspend_enter(suspend_state_t state)
>  
>  	error = sysdev_suspend(PMSG_SUSPEND);
>  	if (!error) {
> -		if (!suspend_test(TEST_CORE))
> +		if (!suspend_is_blocked() && !suspend_test(TEST_CORE))
>  			error = suspend_ops->enter(state);
>  		sysdev_resume();
>  	}
> diff --git a/kernel/power/suspend_blocker.c b/kernel/power/suspend_blocker.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..2c58b21
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/kernel/power/suspend_blocker.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,261 @@
> +/* kernel/power/suspend_blocker.c
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2005-2010 Google, Inc.
> + *
> + * This software is licensed under the terms of the GNU General Public
> + * License version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation, and
> + * may be copied, distributed, and modified under those terms.
> + *
> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
> + *
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/rtc.h>
> +#include <linux/suspend.h>
> +#include <linux/suspend_blocker.h>
> +#include "power.h"
> +
> +extern struct workqueue_struct *pm_wq;
> +
> +enum {
> +	DEBUG_EXIT_SUSPEND = 1U << 0,
> +	DEBUG_WAKEUP = 1U << 1,
> +	DEBUG_USER_STATE = 1U << 2,
> +	DEBUG_SUSPEND = 1U << 3,
> +	DEBUG_SUSPEND_BLOCKER = 1U << 4,
> +};
> +static int debug_mask = DEBUG_EXIT_SUSPEND | DEBUG_WAKEUP | DEBUG_USER_STATE;
> +module_param_named(debug_mask, debug_mask, int, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR | S_IWGRP);
> +
> +#define SB_INITIALIZED            (1U << 8)
> +#define SB_ACTIVE                 (1U << 9)
> +
> +static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(list_lock);
> +static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(state_lock);
> +static LIST_HEAD(inactive_blockers);
> +static LIST_HEAD(active_blockers);
> +static int current_event_num;
> +struct suspend_blocker main_suspend_blocker;
> +static suspend_state_t requested_suspend_state = PM_SUSPEND_MEM;
> +static bool enable_suspend_blockers;
> +
> +#define pr_info_time(fmt, args...) \
> +	do { \
> +		struct timespec ts; \
> +		struct rtc_time tm; \
> +		getnstimeofday(&ts); \
> +		rtc_time_to_tm(ts.tv_sec, &tm); \
> +		pr_info(fmt "(%d-%02d-%02d %02d:%02d:%02d.%09lu UTC)\n" , \
> +			args, \
> +			tm.tm_year + 1900, tm.tm_mon + 1, tm.tm_mday, \
> +			tm.tm_hour, tm.tm_min, tm.tm_sec, ts.tv_nsec); \
> +	} while (0);
> +
> +static void print_active_blockers_locked(void)
> +{
> +	struct suspend_blocker *blocker;
> +
> +	list_for_each_entry(blocker, &active_blockers, link)
> +		pr_info("active suspend blocker %s\n", blocker->name);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * suspend_is_blocked() - Check if suspend should be blocked
> + *
> + * suspend_is_blocked can be used by generic power management code to abort
> + * suspend.
> + *
> + * To preserve backward compatibility suspend_is_blocked returns 0 unless it
> + * is called during suspend initiated from the suspend_block code.
> + */
> +bool suspend_is_blocked(void)
> +{
> +	if (!enable_suspend_blockers)
> +		return 0;
> +	return !list_empty(&active_blockers);
> +}
> +
> +static void suspend_worker(struct work_struct *work)
> +{
> +	int ret;
> +	int entry_event_num;
> +
> +	enable_suspend_blockers = true;
> +	while (!suspend_is_blocked()) {
> +		entry_event_num = current_event_num;
> +
> +		if (debug_mask & DEBUG_SUSPEND)
> +			pr_info("suspend: enter suspend\n");
> +
> +		ret = pm_suspend(requested_suspend_state);
> +
> +		if (debug_mask & DEBUG_EXIT_SUSPEND)
> +			pr_info_time("suspend: exit suspend, ret = %d ", ret);
> +
> +		if (current_event_num == entry_event_num)
> +			pr_info("suspend: pm_suspend returned with no event\n");
> +	}
> +	enable_suspend_blockers = false;
> +}
> +static DECLARE_WORK(suspend_work, suspend_worker);
> +
> +/**
> + * suspend_blocker_init() - Initialize a suspend blocker
> + * @blocker:	The suspend blocker to initialize.
> + * @name:	The name of the suspend blocker to show in debug messages.
> + *
> + * The suspend blocker struct and name must not be freed before calling
> + * suspend_blocker_destroy.
> + */
> +void suspend_blocker_init(struct suspend_blocker *blocker, const char *name)
> +{
> +	unsigned long irqflags = 0;
> +
> +	WARN_ON(!name);
> +
> +	if (debug_mask & DEBUG_SUSPEND_BLOCKER)
> +		pr_info("suspend_blocker_init name=%s\n", name);
> +
> +	blocker->name = name;
> +	blocker->flags = SB_INITIALIZED;
> +	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&blocker->link);
> +
> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&list_lock, irqflags);
> +	list_add(&blocker->link, &inactive_blockers);
> +	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&list_lock, irqflags);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(suspend_blocker_init);
> +
> +/**
> + * suspend_blocker_destroy() - Destroy a suspend blocker
> + * @blocker:	The suspend blocker to destroy.
> + */
> +void suspend_blocker_destroy(struct suspend_blocker *blocker)
> +{
> +	unsigned long irqflags;
> +	if (WARN_ON(!(blocker->flags & SB_INITIALIZED)))
> +		return;
> +
> +	if (debug_mask & DEBUG_SUSPEND_BLOCKER)
> +		pr_info("suspend_blocker_destroy name=%s\n", blocker->name);
> +
> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&list_lock, irqflags);
> +	blocker->flags &= ~SB_INITIALIZED;
> +	list_del(&blocker->link);
> +	if ((blocker->flags & SB_ACTIVE) && list_empty(&active_blockers))
> +		queue_work(pm_wq, &suspend_work);
> +	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&list_lock, irqflags);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(suspend_blocker_destroy);
> +
> +/**
> + * suspend_block() - Block suspend
> + * @blocker:	The suspend blocker to use
> + *
> + * It is safe to call this function from interrupt context.
> + */
> +void suspend_block(struct suspend_blocker *blocker)
> +{
> +	unsigned long irqflags;
> +
> +	if (WARN_ON(!(blocker->flags & SB_INITIALIZED)))
> +		return;
> +
> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&list_lock, irqflags);
> +
> +	if (debug_mask & DEBUG_SUSPEND_BLOCKER)
> +		pr_info("suspend_block: %s\n", blocker->name);
> +
> +	blocker->flags |= SB_ACTIVE;
> +	list_move(&blocker->link, &active_blockers);
> +	current_event_num++;
> +
> +	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&list_lock, irqflags);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(suspend_block);
> +
> +/**
> + * suspend_unblock() - Unblock suspend
> + * @blocker:	The suspend blocker to unblock.
> + *
> + * If no other suspend blockers block suspend, the system will suspend.
> + *
> + * It is safe to call this function from interrupt context.
> + */
> +void suspend_unblock(struct suspend_blocker *blocker)
> +{
> +	unsigned long irqflags;
> +
> +	if (WARN_ON(!(blocker->flags & SB_INITIALIZED)))
> +		return;
> +
> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&list_lock, irqflags);
> +
> +	if (debug_mask & DEBUG_SUSPEND_BLOCKER)
> +		pr_info("suspend_unblock: %s\n", blocker->name);
> +
> +	list_move(&blocker->link, &inactive_blockers);
> +
> +	if ((blocker->flags & SB_ACTIVE) && list_empty(&active_blockers))
> +		queue_work(pm_wq, &suspend_work);
> +	blocker->flags &= ~(SB_ACTIVE);
> +	if (blocker == &main_suspend_blocker) {
> +		if (debug_mask & DEBUG_SUSPEND)
> +			print_active_blockers_locked();
> +	}
> +	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&list_lock, irqflags);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(suspend_unblock);
> +
> +/**
> + * suspend_blocker_is_active() - Test if a suspend blocker is blocking suspend
> + * @blocker:	The suspend blocker to check.
> + *
> + * Returns true if the suspend_blocker is currently active.
> + */
> +bool suspend_blocker_is_active(struct suspend_blocker *blocker)
> +{
> +	WARN_ON(!(blocker->flags & SB_INITIALIZED));
> +
> +	return !!(blocker->flags & SB_ACTIVE);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(suspend_blocker_is_active);
> +
> +bool request_suspend_valid_state(suspend_state_t state)
> +{
> +	return (state == PM_SUSPEND_ON) || valid_state(state);
> +}
> +
> +int request_suspend_state(suspend_state_t state)
> +{
> +	unsigned long irqflags;
> +
> +	if (!request_suspend_valid_state(state))
> +		return -ENODEV;
> +
> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&state_lock, irqflags);
> +
> +	if (debug_mask & DEBUG_USER_STATE)
> +		pr_info_time("request_suspend_state: %s (%d->%d) at %lld ",
> +			     state != PM_SUSPEND_ON ? "sleep" : "wakeup",
> +			     requested_suspend_state, state,
> +			     ktime_to_ns(ktime_get()));
> +
> +	requested_suspend_state = state;
> +	if (state == PM_SUSPEND_ON)
> +		suspend_block(&main_suspend_blocker);
> +	else
> +		suspend_unblock(&main_suspend_blocker);
> +	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&state_lock, irqflags);
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +void __init suspend_block_init(void)
> +{
> +	suspend_blocker_init(&main_suspend_blocker, "main");
> +	suspend_block(&main_suspend_blocker);
> +}

-- 
(english) http://www.livejournal.com/~pavelmachek
(cesky, pictures) http://atrey.karlin.mff.cuni.cz/~pavel/picture/horses/blog.html
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