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Date:	Tue, 8 Feb 2011 15:08:35 -0800
From:	Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>
To:	"Kirill A. Shutsemov" <kirill@...temov.name>
Cc:	Paul Menage <menage@...gle.com>, Li Zefan <lizf@...fujitsu.com>,
	containers@...ts.linux-foundation.org,
	jacob.jun.pan@...ux.intel.com,
	Arjan van de Ven <arjan@...ux.intel.com>,
	linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, Matt Helsley <matthltc@...ibm.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH, v4 2/2] cgroups: introduce timer slack subsystem

On Thu,  3 Feb 2011 16:34:14 +0200
"Kirill A. Shutsemov" <kirill@...temov.name> wrote:

> From: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill@...temov.name>
> 
> Provides a way of tasks grouping by timer slack value. Introduces per
> cgroup max and min timer slack value. When a task attaches to a cgroup,
> its timer slack value adjusts (if needed) to fit min-max range.
> 
> It also provides a way to set timer slack value for all tasks in the
> cgroup at once.
> 
> This functionality is useful in mobile devices where certain background
> apps are attached to a cgroup and minimum wakeups are desired.

This description is quite scanty.  It doesn't explain what the benefit
is, when one might want to use it, how to use it, etc.  A nice
description under Documentation/cgroups/ would be appropriate.

I read this and come away with no sense of how useful or desirable this
code is.

>
> ...
>
> --- a/include/linux/init_task.h
> +++ b/include/linux/init_task.h
> @@ -124,6 +124,8 @@ extern struct cred init_cred;
>  # define INIT_PERF_EVENTS(tsk)
>  #endif
>  
> +#define TIMER_SLACK_NS_DEFAULT 50000

Seems to be an unrelated cleanup.  And given that this #define is only
used in a single place, its cleanliness is questionable.

>  /*
>   *  INIT_TASK is used to set up the first task table, touch at
>   * your own risk!. Base=0, limit=0x1fffff (=2MB)
> @@ -177,7 +179,7 @@ extern struct cred init_cred;
>  	.cpu_timers	= INIT_CPU_TIMERS(tsk.cpu_timers),		\
>  	.fs_excl	= ATOMIC_INIT(0),				\
>  	.pi_lock	= __RAW_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(tsk.pi_lock),	\
> -	.timer_slack_ns = 50000, /* 50 usec default slack */		\
> +	.timer_slack_ns = TIMER_SLACK_NS_DEFAULT,			\
>  	.pids = {							\
>  		[PIDTYPE_PID]  = INIT_PID_LINK(PIDTYPE_PID),		\
>  		[PIDTYPE_PGID] = INIT_PID_LINK(PIDTYPE_PGID),		\
>
> ...
>
> +extern int (*timer_slack_check)(struct task_struct *task,
> +		unsigned long slack_ns);

Nope.  Please put this in a header file so we can be sure that callers
see the same prototype as does the definition.

>
> ...
>
> +/*
> + * Adjust ->timer_slack_ns and ->default_max_slack_ns of the task to fit
> + * limits of the cgroup.
> + */
> +static void tslack_adjust_task(struct timer_slack_cgroup *tslack_cgroup,
> +		struct task_struct *tsk)
> +{
> +	if (tslack_cgroup->min_slack_ns > tsk->timer_slack_ns)
> +		tsk->timer_slack_ns = tslack_cgroup->min_slack_ns;
> +	else if (tslack_cgroup->max_slack_ns < tsk->timer_slack_ns)
> +		tsk->timer_slack_ns = tslack_cgroup->max_slack_ns;
> +
> +	if (tslack_cgroup->min_slack_ns > tsk->default_timer_slack_ns)
> +		tsk->default_timer_slack_ns = tslack_cgroup->min_slack_ns;
> +	else if (tslack_cgroup->max_slack_ns < tsk->default_timer_slack_ns)
> +		tsk->default_timer_slack_ns = tslack_cgroup->max_slack_ns;
> +}
> +
> +static void tslack_cgroup_attach(struct cgroup_subsys *subsys,
> +		struct cgroup *cgroup, struct cgroup *prev,
> +		struct task_struct *tsk, bool threadgroup)
> +{
> +	tslack_adjust_task(cgroup_to_tslack_cgroup(cgroup), tsk);
> +}
> +
> +static int tslack_write_set_slack_ns(struct cgroup *cgroup, struct cftype *cft,
> +		u64 val)
> +{
> +	struct timer_slack_cgroup *tslack_cgroup;
> +	struct cgroup_iter it;
> +	struct task_struct *task;
> +
> +	tslack_cgroup = cgroup_to_tslack_cgroup(cgroup);
> +	if (!is_timer_slack_allowed(cgroup_to_tslack_cgroup(cgroup), val))
> +		return -EPERM;
> +
> +	/* Change timer slack value for all tasks in the cgroup */
> +	cgroup_iter_start(cgroup, &it);
> +	while ((task = cgroup_iter_next(cgroup, &it)))
> +		task->timer_slack_ns = val;
> +	cgroup_iter_end(cgroup, &it);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static u64 tslack_read_range(struct cgroup *cgroup, struct cftype *cft)
> +{
> +	struct timer_slack_cgroup *tslack_cgroup;
> +
> +	tslack_cgroup = cgroup_to_tslack_cgroup(cgroup);
> +	switch (cft->private) {
> +	case TIMER_SLACK_MIN:
> +		return tslack_cgroup->min_slack_ns;
> +	case TIMER_SLACK_MAX:
> +		return tslack_cgroup->max_slack_ns;
> +	default:
> +		BUG();
> +	};

Extraneous ";".

> +}

These proposed new userspace interfaces should be documented somewhere,
please.  They are the most important part of the patch.

>
> ...
>
> +struct cgroup_subsys timer_slack_subsys = {
> +	.name = "timer_slack",
> +	.module = THIS_MODULE,
> +#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_TIMER_SLACK

Confused.  This file won't even be compiled if
CONFIG_CGROUP_TIMER_SLACK=n?

> +	.subsys_id = timer_slack_subsys_id,
> +#endif
> +	.create = tslack_cgroup_create,
> +	.destroy = tslack_cgroup_destroy,
> +	.attach = tslack_cgroup_attach,
> +	.populate = tslack_cgroup_populate,
> +};
> +
>
> ...
>
> @@ -1694,12 +1698,15 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(prctl, int, option, unsigned long, arg2, unsigned long, arg3,
>  			error = current->timer_slack_ns;
>  			break;
>  		case PR_SET_TIMERSLACK:
> -			if (arg2 <= 0)
> -				current->timer_slack_ns =
> -					current->default_timer_slack_ns;
> -			else
> -				current->timer_slack_ns = arg2;
> -			error = 0;
> +			if (arg2 <= 0) {
> +				me->timer_slack_ns = me->default_timer_slack_ns;
> +				break;
> +			}
> +
> +			error = timer_slack_check ?
> +				timer_slack_check(me, arg2) : 0;

This is racy against init_cgroup_timer_slack().  And against
exit_cgroup_timer_slack().

This whole scheme of using a single hook to a single "check" function
is rather grubby.  I guess that using a notifier_call_chain() would fix
things: support multiple "check" functions and hopefully fix the races.

> +			if (!error)
> +				me->timer_slack_ns = arg2;
>  			break;
>  		case PR_MCE_KILL:
>  			if (arg4 | arg5)

I don't know whether PR_SET_TIMERSLACK is presently documented in the
manpages.

Please cc linux-api@...r.kernel.org on future versions of this work and
ensure that the patch (via changelog, Documentation or code comments)
has sufficient information for the manpages maintainers to be able to
easily update the manpages.


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