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Date:	Thu, 20 Dec 2012 10:44:11 +0100
From:	Peter Ujfalusi <peter.ujfalusi@...com>
To:	Grant Likely <grant.likely@...retlab.ca>,
	Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@...aro.org>
CC:	Michael Trimarchi <michael@...rulasolutions.com>,
	<linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>, <linux-omap@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: [PATCH v3] gpio: twl4030: Cache the direction and output states in private data

Use more coherent locking in the driver. Use bitfield to store the GPIO
direction and if the pin is configured as output store the status also in a
bitfiled.
In this way we can just look at these bitfields when we need information
about the pin status and only reach out to the chip when it is needed.

Signed-off-by: Peter Ujfalusi <peter.ujfalusi@...com>
Acked-by: Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@...aro.org>
---
Hi Grant,

Changes sicne v2:
- Fixed the mutex_unlock found by Michael.
- Removed the debug prints addedd by v2 patch (remains from debugging)
- Removed one blank line between includes and the first comment section.

Regards,
Peter

 drivers/gpio/gpio-twl4030.c | 100 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------------
 1 file changed, 65 insertions(+), 35 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/gpio/gpio-twl4030.c b/drivers/gpio/gpio-twl4030.c
index 4643f9c..4d330e3 100644
--- a/drivers/gpio/gpio-twl4030.c
+++ b/drivers/gpio/gpio-twl4030.c
@@ -37,7 +37,6 @@
 
 #include <linux/i2c/twl.h>
 
-
 /*
  * The GPIO "subchip" supports 18 GPIOs which can be configured as
  * inputs or outputs, with pullups or pulldowns on each pin.  Each
@@ -64,14 +63,15 @@
 /* Mask for GPIO registers when aggregated into a 32-bit integer */
 #define GPIO_32_MASK			0x0003ffff
 
-/* Data structures */
-static DEFINE_MUTEX(gpio_lock);
-
 struct gpio_twl4030_priv {
 	struct gpio_chip gpio_chip;
+	struct mutex mutex;
 	int irq_base;
 
+	/* Bitfields for state caching */
 	unsigned int usage_count;
+	unsigned int direction;
+	unsigned int out_state;
 };
 
 /*----------------------------------------------------------------------*/
@@ -130,7 +130,7 @@ static inline int gpio_twl4030_read(u8 address)
 
 /*----------------------------------------------------------------------*/
 
-static u8 cached_leden;		/* protected by gpio_lock */
+static u8 cached_leden;
 
 /* The LED lines are open drain outputs ... a FET pulls to GND, so an
  * external pullup is needed.  We could also expose the integrated PWM
@@ -144,14 +144,12 @@ static void twl4030_led_set_value(int led, int value)
 	if (led)
 		mask <<= 1;
 
-	mutex_lock(&gpio_lock);
 	if (value)
 		cached_leden &= ~mask;
 	else
 		cached_leden |= mask;
 	status = twl_i2c_write_u8(TWL4030_MODULE_LED, cached_leden,
 				  TWL4030_LED_LEDEN_REG);
-	mutex_unlock(&gpio_lock);
 }
 
 static int twl4030_set_gpio_direction(int gpio, int is_input)
@@ -162,7 +160,6 @@ static int twl4030_set_gpio_direction(int gpio, int is_input)
 	u8 base = REG_GPIODATADIR1 + d_bnk;
 	int ret = 0;
 
-	mutex_lock(&gpio_lock);
 	ret = gpio_twl4030_read(base);
 	if (ret >= 0) {
 		if (is_input)
@@ -172,7 +169,6 @@ static int twl4030_set_gpio_direction(int gpio, int is_input)
 
 		ret = gpio_twl4030_write(base, reg);
 	}
-	mutex_unlock(&gpio_lock);
 	return ret;
 }
 
@@ -212,7 +208,7 @@ static int twl_request(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned offset)
 	struct gpio_twl4030_priv *priv = to_gpio_twl4030(chip);
 	int status = 0;
 
-	mutex_lock(&gpio_lock);
+	mutex_lock(&priv->mutex);
 
 	/* Support the two LED outputs as output-only GPIOs. */
 	if (offset >= TWL4030_GPIO_MAX) {
@@ -271,7 +267,7 @@ done:
 	if (!status)
 		priv->usage_count |= BIT(offset);
 
-	mutex_unlock(&gpio_lock);
+	mutex_unlock(&priv->mutex);
 	return status;
 }
 
@@ -279,64 +275,96 @@ static void twl_free(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned offset)
 {
 	struct gpio_twl4030_priv *priv = to_gpio_twl4030(chip);
 
+	mutex_lock(&priv->mutex);
 	if (offset >= TWL4030_GPIO_MAX) {
 		twl4030_led_set_value(offset - TWL4030_GPIO_MAX, 1);
-		return;
+		goto out;
 	}
 
-	mutex_lock(&gpio_lock);
-
 	priv->usage_count &= ~BIT(offset);
 
 	/* on last use, switch off GPIO module */
 	if (!priv->usage_count)
 		gpio_twl4030_write(REG_GPIO_CTRL, 0x0);
 
-	mutex_unlock(&gpio_lock);
+out:
+	mutex_unlock(&priv->mutex);
 }
 
 static int twl_direction_in(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned offset)
 {
-	return (offset < TWL4030_GPIO_MAX)
-		? twl4030_set_gpio_direction(offset, 1)
-		: -EINVAL;
+	struct gpio_twl4030_priv *priv = to_gpio_twl4030(chip);
+	int ret;
+
+	mutex_lock(&priv->mutex);
+	if (offset < TWL4030_GPIO_MAX)
+		ret = twl4030_set_gpio_direction(offset, 1);
+	else
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+
+	if (!ret)
+		priv->direction &= ~BIT(offset);
+
+	mutex_unlock(&priv->mutex);
+
+	return ret;
 }
 
 static int twl_get(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned offset)
 {
 	struct gpio_twl4030_priv *priv = to_gpio_twl4030(chip);
+	int ret;
 	int status = 0;
 
-	if (!(priv->usage_count & BIT(offset)))
-		return -EPERM;
+	mutex_lock(&priv->mutex);
+	if (!(priv->usage_count & BIT(offset))) {
+		ret = -EPERM;
+		goto out;
+	}
 
-	if (offset < TWL4030_GPIO_MAX)
-		status = twl4030_get_gpio_datain(offset);
-	else if (offset == TWL4030_GPIO_MAX)
-		status = cached_leden & LEDEN_LEDAON;
+	if (priv->direction & BIT(offset))
+		status = priv->out_state & BIT(offset);
 	else
-		status = cached_leden & LEDEN_LEDBON;
+		status = twl4030_get_gpio_datain(offset);
 
-	return (status < 0) ? 0 : status;
+	ret = (status <= 0) ? 0 : 1;
+out:
+	mutex_unlock(&priv->mutex);
+	return ret;
 }
 
-static int twl_direction_out(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned offset, int value)
+static void twl_set(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned offset, int value)
 {
-	if (offset < TWL4030_GPIO_MAX) {
+	struct gpio_twl4030_priv *priv = to_gpio_twl4030(chip);
+
+	mutex_lock(&priv->mutex);
+	if (offset < TWL4030_GPIO_MAX)
 		twl4030_set_gpio_dataout(offset, value);
-		return twl4030_set_gpio_direction(offset, 0);
-	} else {
+	else
 		twl4030_led_set_value(offset - TWL4030_GPIO_MAX, value);
-		return 0;
-	}
+
+	if (value)
+		priv->out_state |= BIT(offset);
+	else
+		priv->out_state &= ~BIT(offset);
+
+	mutex_unlock(&priv->mutex);
 }
 
-static void twl_set(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned offset, int value)
+static int twl_direction_out(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned offset, int value)
 {
+	struct gpio_twl4030_priv *priv = to_gpio_twl4030(chip);
+
+	mutex_lock(&priv->mutex);
 	if (offset < TWL4030_GPIO_MAX)
 		twl4030_set_gpio_dataout(offset, value);
-	else
-		twl4030_led_set_value(offset - TWL4030_GPIO_MAX, value);
+
+	priv->direction |= BIT(offset);
+	mutex_unlock(&priv->mutex);
+
+	twl_set(chip, offset, value);
+
+	return 0;
 }
 
 static int twl_to_irq(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned offset)
@@ -469,6 +497,8 @@ no_irqs:
 	priv->gpio_chip.ngpio = TWL4030_GPIO_MAX;
 	priv->gpio_chip.dev = &pdev->dev;
 
+	mutex_init(&priv->mutex);
+
 	if (node)
 		pdata = of_gpio_twl4030(&pdev->dev);
 
-- 
1.8.0.2

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