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Date:	Wed, 19 Dec 2012 16:57:03 -0800
From: (Eric W. Biederman)
To:	Andrew Morton <>
Cc:	Atsushi Kumagai <>,,,
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2] Add the values related to buddy system for filtering free pages.

Andrew Morton <> writes:

> On Mon, 10 Dec 2012 10:39:13 +0900
> Atsushi Kumagai <> wrote:
>> This patch adds the values related to buddy system to vmcoreinfo data
>> so that makedumpfile (dump filtering command) can filter out all free
>> pages with the new logic.
>> It's faster than the current logic because it can distinguish free page
>> by analyzing page structure at the same time as filtering for other
>> unnecessary pages (e.g. anonymous page).
>> OTOH, the current logic has to trace free_list to distinguish free 
>> pages while analyzing page structure to filter out other unnecessary
>> pages.
>> The new logic uses the fact that buddy page is marked by _mapcount == 
>> PAGE_BUDDY_MAPCOUNT_VALUE. But, _mapcount shares its memory with other
>> fields for SLAB/SLUB when PG_slab is set, so we need to check if PG_slab
>> is set or not before looking up _mapcount value.
>> And we can get the order of buddy system from private field.
>> To sum it up, the values below are required for this logic.
>> Required values:
>>   - OFFSET(page._mapcount)
>>   - OFFSET(page.private)
>>   - NUMBER(PG_slab)
>> Changelog from v1 to v2:
>> 1. remove SIZE(pageflags)
>>   The new logic was changed after I sent v1 patch.  
>>   Accordingly, SIZE(pageflags) has been unnecessary for makedumpfile.
>> What's makedumpfile:
>>   makedumpfile creates a small dumpfile by excluding unnecessary pages
>>   for the analysis. To distinguish unnecessary pages, makedumpfile gets
>>   the vmcoreinfo data which has the minimum debugging information only
>>   for dump filtering.
> Gee, this info is getting highly dependent upon deep internal kernel
> behaviour.
>> index 5e4bd78..b27efe4 100644
>> --- a/kernel/kexec.c
>> +++ b/kernel/kexec.c
>> @@ -1490,6 +1490,8 @@ static int __init crash_save_vmcoreinfo_init(void)
>> 	VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(page, _count);
>> 	VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(page, mapping);
>> 	VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(page, lru);
>> +	VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(page, _mapcount);
>> +	VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(page, private);
>> 	VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(pglist_data, node_zones);
>> 	VMCOREINFO_OFFSET(pglist_data, nr_zones);
>> @@ -1512,6 +1514,8 @@ static int __init crash_save_vmcoreinfo_init(void)
>> 	VMCOREINFO_NUMBER(PG_swapcache);
> We might change the PageBuddy() implementation at any time, and
> makedumpfile will break.  Or in this case, become less efficient.
> Is there any way in which we can move some of this logic into the
> kernel?  In this case, add some kernel code which uses PageBuddy() on
> behalf of makedumpfile, rather than replicating the PageBuddy() logic
> in userspace?

All that exists when makedumpfile runs is a core file.  So it would have
to be something like a share library that builds with the kernel and
then makedumpfile loads.


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