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Date:	Tue,  1 Jan 2013 16:54:10 -0600
To:	LKML <>,
	Andi Kleen <>,
	Andrea Arcangeli <>,
	Andrew Morton <>,
	Borislav Petkov <>,
	Christopher Li <>,
	David Daney <>,
	David Rientjes <>,
	Joe Perches <>,
	Josh Triplett <>,,
	Michel Lespinasse <>,
	Paul Gortmaker <>,
	Peter Zijlstra <>,
	Steven Rostedt <>
Cc:	Daniel Santos <>
Subject: [PATCH v8 8/9] compiler.h, bug.h: Prevent double error messages with BUILD_BUG{,_ON}

Prior to the introduction of __attribute__((error("msg"))) in gcc 4.3,
creating compile-time errors required a little trickery.
BUILD_BUG{,_ON} uses this attribute when available to generate
compile-time errors, but also uses the negative-sized array trick for
older compilers, resulting in two error messages in some cases.  The
reason it's "some" cases is that as of gcc 4.4, the negative-sized array
will not create an error in some situations, like inline functions.

This patch replaces the negative-sized array code with the new
__compiletime_error_fallback() macro which expands to the same thing
unless the the error attribute is available, in which case it expands to
do{}while(0), resulting in exactly one compile-time error on all
versions of gcc.

Note that we are not changing the negative-sized array code for the
unoptimized version of BUILD_BUG_ON, since it has the potential to catch
problems that would be disabled in later versions of gcc were
__compiletime_error_fallback used.  The reason is that that an
unoptimized build can't always remove calls to an error-attributed
function call (like we are using) that should effectively become dead
code if it were optimized.  However, using a negative-sized array with a
similar value will not result in an false-positive (error). The only
caveat being that it will also fail to catch valid conditions, which we
should be expecting in an unoptimized build anyway.

Signed-off-by: Daniel Santos <>
 include/linux/bug.h      |    2 +-
 include/linux/compiler.h |    5 +++++
 2 files changed, 6 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/bug.h b/include/linux/bug.h
index 08d97e9..57c7688 100644
--- a/include/linux/bug.h
+++ b/include/linux/bug.h
@@ -67,7 +67,7 @@ struct pt_regs;
 			__compiletime_error("BUILD_BUG_ON failed");	\
 		if (__cond)						\
 			__build_bug_on_failed();			\
-		((void)sizeof(char[1 - 2 * __cond]));			\
+		__compiletime_error_fallback(__cond);			\
 	} while(0)
diff --git a/include/linux/compiler.h b/include/linux/compiler.h
index 4c638be..423bb6b 100644
--- a/include/linux/compiler.h
+++ b/include/linux/compiler.h
@@ -307,7 +307,12 @@ void ftrace_likely_update(struct ftrace_branch_data *f, int val, int expect);
 #ifndef __compiletime_error
 # define __compiletime_error(message)
+# define __compiletime_error_fallback(condition) \
+	do { ((void)sizeof(char[1 - 2*!!(condition)])); } while (0)
+# define __compiletime_error_fallback(condition) do { } while (0)
  * Prevent the compiler from merging or refetching accesses.  The compiler
  * is also forbidden from reordering successive instances of ACCESS_ONCE(),

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