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Date:	Thu, 11 Apr 2013 17:56:06 -0700
From:	Yinghai Lu <yinghai@...nel.org>
To:	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>, Ingo Molnar <mingo@...e.hu>,
	"H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>,
	Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>,
	Tejun Heo <tj@...nel.org>, Thomas Renninger <trenn@...e.de>,
	Tang Chen <tangchen@...fujitsu.com>
Cc:	linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, Yinghai Lu <yinghai@...nel.org>
Subject: [PATCH v4 20/22] x86, mm: Add comments for step_size shift

As request by hpa, add comments for why we choose 5 for
step size shift.

Signed-off-by: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@...nel.org>
---
 arch/x86/mm/init.c | 21 ++++++++++++++++++---
 1 file changed, 18 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/init.c b/arch/x86/mm/init.c
index 28b294f..2754e45 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/init.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/init.c
@@ -385,8 +385,23 @@ static unsigned long __init init_range_memory_mapping(
 	return mapped_ram_size;
 }
 
-/* (PUD_SHIFT-PMD_SHIFT)/2 */
-#define STEP_SIZE_SHIFT 5
+static unsigned long __init get_new_step_size(unsigned long step_size)
+{
+	/*
+	 * initial mapped size is PMD_SIZE, aka 2M.
+	 * We can not set step_size to be PUD_SIZE aka 1G yet.
+	 * In worse case, when 1G is cross the 1G boundary, and
+	 * PG_LEVEL_2M is not set, we will need 1+1+512 pages (aka 2M + 8k)
+	 * to map 1G range with PTE. Use 5 as shift for now.
+	 */
+	unsigned long new_step_size = step_size << 5;
+
+	if (new_step_size > step_size)
+		step_size = new_step_size;
+
+	return  step_size;
+}
+
 void __init init_mem_mapping(void)
 {
 	unsigned long end, real_end, start, last_start;
@@ -428,7 +443,7 @@ void __init init_mem_mapping(void)
 		min_pfn_mapped = last_start >> PAGE_SHIFT;
 		/* only increase step_size after big range get mapped */
 		if (new_mapped_ram_size > mapped_ram_size)
-			step_size <<= STEP_SIZE_SHIFT;
+			step_size = get_new_step_size(step_size);
 		mapped_ram_size += new_mapped_ram_size;
 	}
 
-- 
1.8.1.4

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