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Date:	Sat, 4 Jan 2014 17:43:47 +0100
From:	Oleg Nesterov <oleg@...hat.com>
To:	Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>
Cc:	Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@...hat.com>,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
	Linus Torvalds <torvalds@...ux-foundation.org>,
	Dave Jones <davej@...hat.com>,
	Darren Hart <dvhart@...ux.intel.com>,
	Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
	Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>,
	Mel Gorman <mgorman@...e.de>,
	Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@...ibm.com>,
	Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@...ibm.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 1/1] mm: fix the theoretical compound_lock() vs
	prep_new_page() race

On 01/03, Andrew Morton wrote:
>
> On Fri, 3 Jan 2014 20:55:47 +0100 Oleg Nesterov <oleg@...hat.com> wrote:
>
> > get/put_page(thp_tail) paths do get_page_unless_zero(page_head) +
> > compound_lock(). In theory this page_head can be already freed and
> > reallocated as alloc_pages(__GFP_COMP, smaller_order). In this case
> > get_page_unless_zero() can succeed right after set_page_refcounted(),
> > and compound_lock() can race with the non-atomic __SetPageHead().
>
> Would be useful to mention that these things are happening inside
> prep_compound_opage() (yes?).

Agreed. Added "in prep_compound_opage()" into the changelog:

	get/put_page(thp_tail) paths do get_page_unless_zero(page_head) +
	compound_lock(). In theory this page_head can be already freed and
	reallocated as alloc_pages(__GFP_COMP, smaller_order). In this case
	get_page_unless_zero() can succeed right after set_page_refcounted(),
	and compound_lock() can race with the non-atomic __SetPageHead() in
	prep_compound_page().

	Perhaps we should rework the thp locking (under discussion), but
	until then this patch moves set_page_refcounted() and adds wmb()
	to ensure that page->_count != 0 comes as a last change.

	I am not sure about other callers of set_page_refcounted(), but at
	first glance they look fine to me.

or should I send v3?

> > Perhaps we should rework the thp locking (under discussion), but
> > until then this patch moves set_page_refcounted() and adds wmb()
> > to ensure that page->_count != 0 comes as a last change.
> >
> > I am not sure about other callers of set_page_refcounted(), but at
> > first glance they look fine to me.
>
> I don't get it.  We're in prep_new_page() - this page is freshly
> allocated and no other thread yet has any means by which to look it up
> and start fiddling with it?

Yes, but thp can access this page_head via stale pointer, tail->first_page,
if it races with split_huge_page_refcount(). In this case we rely on
compound_lock() to detect this race, the problem is that compound_lock()
itself can race with head_page->flags manipulations.

For example, __get_page_tail() roughly does:

	// PageTail(page) was already checked

	page_head = page->first_page;

	/* WINDOW */

	get_page_unless_zero(page_head);

	compound_lock(page_head);

	recheck PageTail(page) to ensure page_head is still valid

However, in the WINDOW above, split_huge_page() can split this huge page.
After that its head can be freed and reallocated. Of course, I don't think
it is possible to hit this race in practice, but still this looks wrong.

Oleg.

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