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Date:	Thu,  6 Feb 2014 13:49:24 +0200
From:	Mika Westerberg <>
To:	Ingo Molnar <>
Cc:	Bin Gao <>,,
	One Thousand Gnomes <>,
	Thomas Gleixner <>,
	"H. Peter Anvin" <>,,
	Mika Westerberg <>
Subject: [PATCH v3 1/2] x86, tsc: Fallback to normal calibration if fast MSR calibration fails

If we cannot calibrate TSC via MSR based calibration try_msr_calibrate_tsc()
stores zero to fast_calibrate and returns that to the caller. This value
gets then propagated further to clockevents code resulting division by zero
oops like the one below:

 divide error: 0000 [#1] PREEMPT SMP
 Modules linked in:
 CPU: 0 PID: 1 Comm: swapper/0 Tainted: G        W    3.13.0+ #47
 task: ffff880075508000 ti: ffff880075506000 task.ti: ffff880075506000
 RIP: 0010:[<ffffffff810aec14>]  [<ffffffff810aec14>] clockevents_config.part.3+0x24/0xa0
 RSP: 0000:ffff880075507e58  EFLAGS: 00010246
 RAX: ffffffffffffffff RBX: ffff880079c0cd80 RCX: 0000000000000000
 RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 0000000000000000 RDI: ffffffffffffffff
 RBP: ffff880075507e70 R08: 0000000000000001 R09: 00000000000000be
 R10: 00000000000000bd R11: 0000000000000003 R12: 000000000000b008
 R13: 0000000000000008 R14: 000000000000b010 R15: 0000000000000000
 FS:  0000000000000000(0000) GS:ffff880079c00000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
 CS:  0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 000000008005003b
 CR2: ffff880079fff000 CR3: 0000000001c0b000 CR4: 00000000001006f0
  ffff880079c0cd80 000000000000b008 0000000000000008 ffff880075507e88
  ffffffff810aecb0 ffff880079c0cd80 ffff880075507e98 ffffffff81030168
  ffff880075507ed8 ffffffff81d1104f 00000000000000c3 0000000000000000
 Call Trace:
  [<ffffffff810aecb0>] clockevents_config_and_register+0x20/0x30
  [<ffffffff81030168>] setup_APIC_timer+0xc8/0xd0
  [<ffffffff81d1104f>] setup_boot_APIC_clock+0x4cc/0x4d8
  [<ffffffff81d0f5de>] native_smp_prepare_cpus+0x3dd/0x3f0
  [<ffffffff81d02ee9>] kernel_init_freeable+0xc3/0x205
  [<ffffffff8177c910>] ? rest_init+0x90/0x90
  [<ffffffff8177c91e>] kernel_init+0xe/0x120
  [<ffffffff8178deec>] ret_from_fork+0x7c/0xb0
  [<ffffffff8177c910>] ? rest_init+0x90/0x90

Prevent this from happening by falling back to normal TSC calibration if MSR
based one fails.

Signed-off-by: Mika Westerberg <>
Changes to v2: split the patch into two as suggested by Ingo.

 arch/x86/kernel/tsc.c | 7 ++++---
 1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/tsc.c b/arch/x86/kernel/tsc.c
index 19e5adb49a27..56facfc54575 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/tsc.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/tsc.c
@@ -655,10 +655,11 @@ unsigned long native_calibrate_tsc(void)
 	i = try_msr_calibrate_tsc(&fast_calibrate);
-	if (i >= 0) {
-		if (i == 0)
-			pr_warn("Fast TSC calibration using MSR failed\n");
+	if (i > 0) {
 		return fast_calibrate;
+	} else if (i == 0) {
+		pr_warn("Fast TSC calibration using MSR failed\n");
+		/* Continue with the normal calibration */

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