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Date:	Wed, 5 Feb 2014 17:16:06 -0800 (PST)
From:	Hugh Dickins <hughd@...gle.com>
To:	Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@....com>
cc:	Hugh Dickins <hughd@...gle.com>,
	David Rientjes <rientjes@...gle.com>,
	Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>,
	Mel Gorman <mgorman@...e.de>, Rik van Riel <riel@...hat.com>,
	Greg Thelen <gthelen@...gle.com>, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
	linux-mm@...ck.org
Subject: Re: [patch v2] mm, compaction: avoid isolating pinned pages

On Thu, 6 Feb 2014, Joonsoo Kim wrote:
> On Wed, Feb 05, 2014 at 12:56:40PM -0800, Hugh Dickins wrote:
> > On Tue, 4 Feb 2014, David Rientjes wrote:
> > 
> > > Page migration will fail for memory that is pinned in memory with, for
> > > example, get_user_pages().  In this case, it is unnecessary to take
> > > zone->lru_lock or isolating the page and passing it to page migration
> > > which will ultimately fail.
> > > 
> > > This is a racy check, the page can still change from under us, but in
> > > that case we'll just fail later when attempting to move the page.
> > > 
> > > This avoids very expensive memory compaction when faulting transparent
> > > hugepages after pinning a lot of memory with a Mellanox driver.
> > > 
> > > On a 128GB machine and pinning ~120GB of memory, before this patch we
> > > see the enormous disparity in the number of page migration failures
> > > because of the pinning (from /proc/vmstat):
> > > 
> > > 	compact_pages_moved 8450
> > > 	compact_pagemigrate_failed 15614415
> > > 
> > > 0.05% of pages isolated are successfully migrated and explicitly 
> > > triggering memory compaction takes 102 seconds.  After the patch:
> > > 
> > > 	compact_pages_moved 9197
> > > 	compact_pagemigrate_failed 7
> > > 
> > > 99.9% of pages isolated are now successfully migrated in this 
> > > configuration and memory compaction takes less than one second.
> > > 
> > > Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@...gle.com>
> > > ---
> > >  v2: address page count issue per Joonsoo
> > > 
> > >  mm/compaction.c | 9 +++++++++
> > >  1 file changed, 9 insertions(+)
> > > 
> > > diff --git a/mm/compaction.c b/mm/compaction.c
> > > --- a/mm/compaction.c
> > > +++ b/mm/compaction.c
> > > @@ -578,6 +578,15 @@ isolate_migratepages_range(struct zone *zone, struct compact_control *cc,
> > >  			continue;
> > >  		}
> > >  
> > > +		/*
> > > +		 * Migration will fail if an anonymous page is pinned in memory,
> > > +		 * so avoid taking lru_lock and isolating it unnecessarily in an
> > > +		 * admittedly racy check.
> > > +		 */
> > > +		if (!page_mapping(page) &&
> > > +		    page_count(page) > page_mapcount(page))
> > > +			continue;
> > > +
> > >  		/* Check if it is ok to still hold the lock */
> > >  		locked = compact_checklock_irqsave(&zone->lru_lock, &flags,
> > 
> > Much better, maybe good enough as an internal patch to fix a particular
> > problem you're seeing; but not yet good enough to go upstream.
> > 
> > Anonymous pages are not the only pages which might be pinned,
> > and your test doesn't mention PageAnon, so does not match your comment.
> > 
> > I've remembered is_page_cache_freeable() in mm/vmscan.c, which gives
> > more assurance that a page_count - page_has_private test is appropriate,
> > whatever the filesystem and migrate method to be used.
> > 
> > So I think the test you're looking for is
> > 
> > 		pincount = page_count(page) - page_mapcount(page);
> > 		if (page_mapping(page))
> > 			pincount -= 1 + page_has_private(page);
> > 		if (pincount > 0)
> > 			continue;
> > 
> > but please cross-check and test that out, it's easy to be off-by-one etc.
> 
> Hello, Hugh.
> 
> I don't think that this is right.
> One of migratepage function, aio_migratepage(), pass extra count 1 to
> migrate_page_move_mapping(). So it can be migrated when pincount == 1 in
> above test.
> 
> I think that we should not be aggressive here. This is just for prediction
> so that it is better not to skip apropriate pages at most. Just for anon case
> that we are sure easily is the right solution for me.

Interesting, thank you for the pointer.  That's a pity!

I hope that later on we can modify fs/aio.c to set PagePrivate on
ring pages, revert the extra argument to migrate_page_move_mapping(),
and then let it appear the same as the other filesystems (but lacking
a writepage, reclaim won't try to free the pages).

But that's "later on" and may prove impossible in the implementation.
I agree it's beyond the scope of David's patch, and so only anonymous
should be dealt with in this way at present.

And since page_mapping() is non-NULL on PageAnon PageSwapCache pages,
those will fall through David's test and go on to try migration:
which is the correct default.  Although we could add code to handle
pinned swapcache, it would be rather an ugly excrescence, until the case
gets handled naturally when proper page_mapping() support is added later.

Okay, to David's current patch
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@...gle.com>
though I'd like to hear whether Mel is happy with it.

Hugh
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