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Date:	Mon, 10 Feb 2014 16:20:40 -0700
From:	Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@...hat.com>
To:	Scott Wood <scottwood@...escale.com>
Cc:	Antonios Motakis <a.motakis@...tualopensystems.com>,
	kvmarm@...ts.cs.columbia.edu, iommu@...ts.linux-foundation.org,
	linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, gregkh@...uxfoundation.org,
	tech@...tualopensystems.com, a.rigo@...tualopensystems.com,
	B08248@...escale.com, kim.phillips@...aro.org,
	jan.kiszka@...mens.com, kvm@...r.kernel.org, R65777@...escale.com,
	B07421@...escale.com, christoffer.dall@...aro.org, agraf@...e.de,
	B16395@...escale.com, will.deacon@....com
Subject: Re: [RFC PATCH v4 06/10] VFIO_PLATFORM: Read and write support for
 the device fd

On Mon, 2014-02-10 at 17:12 -0600, Scott Wood wrote:
> On Mon, 2014-02-10 at 15:45 -0700, Alex Williamson wrote:
> > On Sat, 2014-02-08 at 18:29 +0100, Antonios Motakis wrote:
> > > VFIO returns a file descriptor which we can use to manipulate the memory
> > > regions of the device. Since some memory regions we cannot mmap due to
> > > security concerns, we also allow to read and write to this file descriptor
> > > directly.
> > > 
> > > Signed-off-by: Antonios Motakis <a.motakis@...tualopensystems.com>
> > > Tested-by: Alvise Rigo <a.rigo@...tualopensystems.com>
> > > ---
> > >  drivers/vfio/platform/vfio_platform.c | 128 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> > >  1 file changed, 125 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
> > > 
> > > diff --git a/drivers/vfio/platform/vfio_platform.c b/drivers/vfio/platform/vfio_platform.c
> > > index f7db5c0..ee96078 100644
> > > --- a/drivers/vfio/platform/vfio_platform.c
> > > +++ b/drivers/vfio/platform/vfio_platform.c
> > > @@ -55,7 +55,8 @@ static int vfio_platform_regions_init(struct vfio_platform_device *vdev)
> > >  
> > >  		region.addr = res->start;
> > >  		region.size = resource_size(res);
> > > -		region.flags = 0;
> > > +		region.flags = VFIO_REGION_INFO_FLAG_READ
> > > +				| VFIO_REGION_INFO_FLAG_WRITE;
> > >  
> > >  		vdev->region[i] = region;
> > >  	}
> > > @@ -150,13 +151,134 @@ static long vfio_platform_ioctl(void *device_data,
> > >  static ssize_t vfio_platform_read(void *device_data, char __user *buf,
> > >  			     size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
> > >  {
> > > -	return 0;
> > > +	struct vfio_platform_device *vdev = device_data;
> > > +	unsigned int *io;
> > > +	int i;
> > > +
> > > +	for (i = 0; i < vdev->num_regions; i++) {
> > > +		struct vfio_platform_region region = vdev->region[i];
> > > +		unsigned int done = 0;
> > > +		loff_t off;
> > > +
> > > +		if ((*ppos < region.addr)
> > > +		     || (*ppos + count - 1) >= (region.addr + region.size))
> > > +			continue;
> > 
> > Perhaps there's something to be said for vfio-pci's use of fixed offsets
> > to have a direct offset to index lookup.
> > 
> > > +
> > > +		io = ioremap_nocache(region.addr, region.size);
> > 
> > This must incur some overhead per access.
> 
> There's mmap() if you want fast...  Given the limited ioremap space on
> 32-bit, I can see not wanting to map everything that the user has open
> all the time -- but in that case, wouldn't it be better to just map one
> page here rather than the whole region?
> 
> > > +
> > > +		off = *ppos - region.addr;
> > > +
> > > +		while (count) {
> > > +			size_t filled;
> > > +
> > > +			if (count >= 4 && !(off % 4)) {
> > > +				u32 val;
> > > +
> > > +				val = ioread32(io + off);
> > > +				if (copy_to_user(buf, &val, 4))
> > > +					goto err;
> > 
> > For vfio-pci we've decided that these interfaces are always little
> > endian, have you considered whether it makes sense to do something
> > similar here?  Thanks,
> 
> ioread32() is little endian -- but since read() puts its result in the
> caller's memory buffer (rather than a register return), I think it makes
> more sense to preserve byte-invariance -- similar to the conclusion of
> the recent KVM MMIO API clarification discussion.  Then the VFIO user
> would use the same type of access (byte swapped or not) to access the
> read() buffer that they would have used to access the register directly.
> 
> Forcing little endian is a better fit for PCI (which is inherently
> little endian) than for platform devices which can be either endianness.

Ok, works for me.  Thanks,

Alex



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