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Date:	Fri, 14 Feb 2014 13:22:44 +0530
From:	"Srivatsa S. Bhat" <srivatsa.bhat@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>
To:	paulus@...ba.org, oleg@...hat.com, mingo@...nel.org,
	rusty@...tcorp.com.au, peterz@...radead.org, tglx@...utronix.de,
	akpm@...ux-foundation.org
Cc:	paulmck@...ux.vnet.ibm.com, tj@...nel.org, walken@...gle.com,
	ego@...ux.vnet.ibm.com, linux@....linux.org.uk, rjw@...ysocki.net,
	linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, linux-arch@...r.kernel.org,
	srivatsa.bhat@...ux.vnet.ibm.com, "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
	Ingo Molnar <mingo@...nel.org>, x86@...nel.org,
	"Srivatsa S. Bhat" <srivatsa.bhat@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>
Subject: [PATCH v2 16/52] x86, cpuid: Fix CPU hotplug callback registration

Subsystems that want to register CPU hotplug callbacks, as well as perform
initialization for the CPUs that are already online, often do it as shown
below:

	get_online_cpus();

	for_each_online_cpu(cpu)
		init_cpu(cpu);

	register_cpu_notifier(&foobar_cpu_notifier);

	put_online_cpus();

This is wrong, since it is prone to ABBA deadlocks involving the
cpu_add_remove_lock and the cpu_hotplug.lock (when running concurrently
with CPU hotplug operations).

Instead, the correct and race-free way of performing the callback
registration is:

	cpu_notifier_register_begin();

	for_each_online_cpu(cpu)
		init_cpu(cpu);

	/* Note the use of the double underscored version of the API */
	__register_cpu_notifier(&foobar_cpu_notifier);

	cpu_notifier_register_done();


Fix the cpuid code in x86 by using this latter form of callback registration.

Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@...nel.org>
Cc: x86@...nel.org
Signed-off-by: Srivatsa S. Bhat <srivatsa.bhat@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>
---

 arch/x86/kernel/cpuid.c |   15 ++++++++-------
 1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpuid.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpuid.c
index 7d9481c..3225ae6c 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpuid.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpuid.c
@@ -198,14 +198,15 @@ static int __init cpuid_init(void)
 		goto out_chrdev;
 	}
 	cpuid_class->devnode = cpuid_devnode;
-	get_online_cpus();
+
+	cpu_notifier_register_begin();
 	for_each_online_cpu(i) {
 		err = cpuid_device_create(i);
 		if (err != 0)
 			goto out_class;
 	}
-	register_hotcpu_notifier(&cpuid_class_cpu_notifier);
-	put_online_cpus();
+	__register_hotcpu_notifier(&cpuid_class_cpu_notifier);
+	cpu_notifier_register_done();
 
 	err = 0;
 	goto out;
@@ -215,7 +216,7 @@ out_class:
 	for_each_online_cpu(i) {
 		cpuid_device_destroy(i);
 	}
-	put_online_cpus();
+	cpu_notifier_register_done();
 	class_destroy(cpuid_class);
 out_chrdev:
 	__unregister_chrdev(CPUID_MAJOR, 0, NR_CPUS, "cpu/cpuid");
@@ -227,13 +228,13 @@ static void __exit cpuid_exit(void)
 {
 	int cpu = 0;
 
-	get_online_cpus();
+	cpu_notifier_register_begin();
 	for_each_online_cpu(cpu)
 		cpuid_device_destroy(cpu);
 	class_destroy(cpuid_class);
 	__unregister_chrdev(CPUID_MAJOR, 0, NR_CPUS, "cpu/cpuid");
-	unregister_hotcpu_notifier(&cpuid_class_cpu_notifier);
-	put_online_cpus();
+	__unregister_hotcpu_notifier(&cpuid_class_cpu_notifier);
+	cpu_notifier_register_done();
 }
 
 module_init(cpuid_init);

--
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