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Date:	Fri, 14 Feb 2014 13:29:36 +0530
From:	"Srivatsa S. Bhat" <srivatsa.bhat@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>
To:	paulus@...ba.org, oleg@...hat.com, mingo@...nel.org,
	rusty@...tcorp.com.au, peterz@...radead.org, tglx@...utronix.de,
	akpm@...ux-foundation.org
Cc:	paulmck@...ux.vnet.ibm.com, tj@...nel.org, walken@...gle.com,
	ego@...ux.vnet.ibm.com, linux@....linux.org.uk, rjw@...ysocki.net,
	linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, linux-arch@...r.kernel.org,
	srivatsa.bhat@...ux.vnet.ibm.com,
	Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@...cle.com>,
	Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@...cle.com>,
	David Vrabel <david.vrabel@...rix.com>,
	Ingo Molnar <mingo@...nel.org>, xen-devel@...ts.xenproject.org,
	"Srivatsa S. Bhat" <srivatsa.bhat@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>
Subject: [PATCH v2 46/52] xen, balloon: Fix CPU hotplug callback registration

Subsystems that want to register CPU hotplug callbacks, as well as perform
initialization for the CPUs that are already online, often do it as shown
below:

	get_online_cpus();

	for_each_online_cpu(cpu)
		init_cpu(cpu);

	register_cpu_notifier(&foobar_cpu_notifier);

	put_online_cpus();

This is wrong, since it is prone to ABBA deadlocks involving the
cpu_add_remove_lock and the cpu_hotplug.lock (when running concurrently
with CPU hotplug operations).

Interestingly, the balloon code in xen can actually prevent double
initialization and hence can use the following simplified form of callback
registration:

	register_cpu_notifier(&foobar_cpu_notifier);

	get_online_cpus();

	for_each_online_cpu(cpu)
		init_cpu(cpu);

	put_online_cpus();

A hotplug operation that occurs between registering the notifier and calling
get_online_cpus(), won't disrupt anything, because the code takes care to
perform the memory allocations only once.

So reorganize the balloon code in xen this way to fix the deadlock with
callback registration.

Cc: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@...cle.com>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@...cle.com>
Cc: David Vrabel <david.vrabel@...rix.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@...nel.org>
Cc: xen-devel@...ts.xenproject.org
Signed-off-by: Srivatsa S. Bhat <srivatsa.bhat@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>
---

 drivers/xen/balloon.c |   35 +++++++++++++++++++++++------------
 1 file changed, 23 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/xen/balloon.c b/drivers/xen/balloon.c
index 37d06ea..afe1a3f 100644
--- a/drivers/xen/balloon.c
+++ b/drivers/xen/balloon.c
@@ -592,19 +592,29 @@ static void __init balloon_add_region(unsigned long start_pfn,
 	}
 }
 
+static int alloc_balloon_scratch_page(int cpu)
+{
+	if (per_cpu(balloon_scratch_page, cpu) != NULL)
+		return 0;
+
+	per_cpu(balloon_scratch_page, cpu) = alloc_page(GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (per_cpu(balloon_scratch_page, cpu) == NULL) {
+		pr_warn("Failed to allocate balloon_scratch_page for cpu %d\n", cpu);
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+
 static int balloon_cpu_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
 				    unsigned long action, void *hcpu)
 {
 	int cpu = (long)hcpu;
 	switch (action) {
 	case CPU_UP_PREPARE:
-		if (per_cpu(balloon_scratch_page, cpu) != NULL)
-			break;
-		per_cpu(balloon_scratch_page, cpu) = alloc_page(GFP_KERNEL);
-		if (per_cpu(balloon_scratch_page, cpu) == NULL) {
-			pr_warn("Failed to allocate balloon_scratch_page for cpu %d\n", cpu);
+		if (alloc_balloon_scratch_page(cpu))
 			return NOTIFY_BAD;
-		}
 		break;
 	default:
 		break;
@@ -624,15 +634,16 @@ static int __init balloon_init(void)
 		return -ENODEV;
 
 	if (!xen_feature(XENFEAT_auto_translated_physmap)) {
-		for_each_online_cpu(cpu)
-		{
-			per_cpu(balloon_scratch_page, cpu) = alloc_page(GFP_KERNEL);
-			if (per_cpu(balloon_scratch_page, cpu) == NULL) {
-				pr_warn("Failed to allocate balloon_scratch_page for cpu %d\n", cpu);
+		register_cpu_notifier(&balloon_cpu_notifier);
+
+		get_online_cpus();
+		for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
+			if (alloc_balloon_scratch_page(cpu)) {
+				put_online_cpus();
 				return -ENOMEM;
 			}
 		}
-		register_cpu_notifier(&balloon_cpu_notifier);
+		put_online_cpus();
 	}
 
 	pr_info("Initialising balloon driver\n");

--
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