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Date:	Sun,  9 Mar 2014 18:05:23 +0100
From:	Borislav Petkov <bp@...en8.de>
To:	X86 ML <x86@...nel.org>
Cc:	LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>, Borislav Petkov <bp@...e.de>
Subject: [PATCH 1/3] x86: Add another set of MSR accessor functions

From: Borislav Petkov <bp@...e.de>

We very often need to set or clear a bit in an MSR as a result of doing
some sort of a hardware configuration. Add generic versions of that
repeated functionality in order to save us a bunch of duplicated code in
the early CPU vendor detection/config code.

Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@...e.de>
---
 arch/x86/include/asm/msr.h |  2 ++
 arch/x86/lib/msr.c         | 89 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 2 files changed, 90 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/msr.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/msr.h
index e139b13f2a33..de36f22eb0b9 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/msr.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/msr.h
@@ -214,6 +214,8 @@ do {                                                            \
 
 struct msr *msrs_alloc(void);
 void msrs_free(struct msr *msrs);
+int msr_set_bit(u32 msr, u8 bit);
+int msr_clear_bit(u32 msr, u8 bit);
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
 int rdmsr_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 *l, u32 *h);
diff --git a/arch/x86/lib/msr.c b/arch/x86/lib/msr.c
index 8f8eebdca7d4..db9db446b71a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/lib/msr.c
+++ b/arch/x86/lib/msr.c
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ struct msr *msrs_alloc(void)
 
 	msrs = alloc_percpu(struct msr);
 	if (!msrs) {
-		pr_warning("%s: error allocating msrs\n", __func__);
+		pr_warn("%s: error allocating msrs\n", __func__);
 		return NULL;
 	}
 
@@ -21,3 +21,90 @@ void msrs_free(struct msr *msrs)
 	free_percpu(msrs);
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(msrs_free);
+
+/**
+ * Read an MSR with error handling
+ *
+ * @msr: MSR to read
+ * @m: value to read into
+ *
+ * It returns read data only on success, otherwise it doesn't change the output
+ * argument @m.
+ *
+ */
+int msr_read(u32 msr, struct msr *m)
+{
+	int err;
+	u64 val;
+
+	err = rdmsrl_safe(msr, &val);
+	if (!err)
+		m->q = val;
+
+	return err;
+}
+
+/**
+ * Write an MSR with error handling
+ *
+ * @msr: MSR to write
+ * @m: value to write
+ */
+int msr_write(u32 msr, struct msr *m)
+{
+	return wrmsrl_safe(msr, m->q);
+}
+
+static inline int __flip_bit(u32 msr, u8 bit, bool set)
+{
+	struct msr m, m1;
+	int err = -EINVAL;
+
+	if (bit > 63)
+		return err;
+
+	err = msr_read(msr, &m);
+	if (err)
+		return err;
+
+	m1 = m;
+	if (set)
+		m1.q |=  BIT_64(bit);
+	else
+		m1.q &= ~BIT_64(bit);
+
+	if (m1.q == m.q)
+		return 0;
+
+	err = msr_write(msr, &m);
+	if (err)
+		return err;
+
+	return 1;
+}
+
+/**
+ * Set @bit in a MSR @msr.
+ *
+ * Retval:
+ * < 0: An error was encountered.
+ * = 0: Bit was already set.
+ * > 0: Hardware accepted the MSR write.
+ */
+int msr_set_bit(u32 msr, u8 bit)
+{
+	return __flip_bit(msr, bit, true);
+}
+
+/**
+ * Clear @bit in a MSR @msr.
+ *
+ * Retval:
+ * < 0: An error was encountered.
+ * = 0: Bit was already cleared.
+ * > 0: Hardware accepted the MSR write.
+ */
+int msr_clear_bit(u32 msr, u8 bit)
+{
+	return __flip_bit(msr, bit, false);
+}
-- 
1.9.0

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