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Date:	Mon, 10 Mar 2014 10:52:20 +0800
From:	Qin Chuanyu <qinchuanyu@...wei.com>
To:	Jason Wang <jasowang@...hat.com>, <mst@...hat.com>,
	<kvm@...r.kernel.org>, <virtio-dev@...ts.oasis-open.org>,
	<virtualization@...ts.linux-foundation.org>,
	<netdev@...r.kernel.org>, <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH net V2] vhost: net: switch to use data copy if pending
 DMAs exceed the limit

On 2014/3/7 13:28, Jason Wang wrote:
> We used to stop the handling of tx when the number of pending DMAs
> exceeds VHOST_MAX_PEND. This is used to reduce the memory occupation
> of both host and guest. But it was too aggressive in some cases, since
> any delay or blocking of a single packet may delay or block the guest
> transmission. Consider the following setup:
>
>      +-----+        +-----+
>      | VM1 |        | VM2 |
>      +--+--+        +--+--+
>         |              |
>      +--+--+        +--+--+
>      | tap0|        | tap1|
>      +--+--+        +--+--+
>         |              |
>      pfifo_fast   htb(10Mbit/s)
>         |              |
>      +--+--------------+---+
>      |     bridge          |
>      +--+------------------+
>         |
>      pfifo_fast
>         |
>      +-----+
>      | eth0|(100Mbit/s)
>      +-----+
>
> - start two VMs and connect them to a bridge
> - add an physical card (100Mbit/s) to that bridge
> - setup htb on tap1 and limit its throughput to 10Mbit/s
> - run two netperfs in the same time, one is from VM1 to VM2. Another is
>    from VM1 to an external host through eth0.
> - result shows that not only the VM1 to VM2 traffic were throttled but
>    also the VM1 to external host through eth0 is also throttled somehow.
>
> This is because the delay added by htb may lead the delay the finish
> of DMAs and cause the pending DMAs for tap0 exceeds the limit
> (VHOST_MAX_PEND). In this case vhost stop handling tx request until
> htb send some packets. The problem here is all of the packets
> transmission were blocked even if it does not go to VM2.
>
> We can solve this issue by relaxing it a little bit: switching to use
> data copy instead of stopping tx when the number of pending DMAs
> exceed half of the vq size. This is safe because:
>
> - The number of pending DMAs were still limited (half of the vq size)
> - The out of order completion during mode switch can make sure that
>    most of the tx buffers were freed in time in guest.
>
> So even if about 50% packets were delayed in zero-copy case, vhost
> could continue to do the transmission through data copy in this case.
>
> Test result:
>
> Before this patch:
> VM1 to VM2 throughput is 9.3Mbit/s
> VM1 to External throughput is 40Mbit/s
> CPU utilization is 7%
>
> After this patch:
> VM1 to VM2 throughput is 9.3Mbit/s
> Vm1 to External throughput is 93Mbit/s
> CPU utilization is 16%
>
> Completed performance test on 40gbe shows no obvious changes in both
> throughput and cpu utilization with this patch.
>
> The patch only solve this issue when unlimited sndbuf. We still need a
> solution for limited sndbuf.
>
> Cc: Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@...hat.com>
> Cc: Qin Chuanyu <qinchuanyu@...wei.com>
> Signed-off-by: Jason Wang <jasowang@...hat.com>
> ---
> Changes from V1:
> - Remove VHOST_MAX_PEND and switch to use half of the vq size as the limit
> - Add cpu utilization in commit log
> ---
>   drivers/vhost/net.c | 19 +++++++------------
>   1 file changed, 7 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/vhost/net.c b/drivers/vhost/net.c
> index a0fa5de..2925e9a 100644
> --- a/drivers/vhost/net.c
> +++ b/drivers/vhost/net.c
> @@ -38,8 +38,6 @@ MODULE_PARM_DESC(experimental_zcopytx, "Enable Zero Copy TX;"
>    * Using this limit prevents one virtqueue from starving others. */
>   #define VHOST_NET_WEIGHT 0x80000
>
> -/* MAX number of TX used buffers for outstanding zerocopy */
> -#define VHOST_MAX_PEND 128
>   #define VHOST_GOODCOPY_LEN 256
>
>   /*
> @@ -345,7 +343,7 @@ static void handle_tx(struct vhost_net *net)
>   		.msg_flags = MSG_DONTWAIT,
>   	};
>   	size_t len, total_len = 0;
> -	int err;
> +	int err, num_pends;
>   	size_t hdr_size;
>   	struct socket *sock;
>   	struct vhost_net_ubuf_ref *uninitialized_var(ubufs);
> @@ -366,13 +364,6 @@ static void handle_tx(struct vhost_net *net)
>   		if (zcopy)
>   			vhost_zerocopy_signal_used(net, vq);
>
> -		/* If more outstanding DMAs, queue the work.
> -		 * Handle upend_idx wrap around
> -		 */
> -		if (unlikely((nvq->upend_idx + vq->num - VHOST_MAX_PEND)
> -			      % UIO_MAXIOV == nvq->done_idx))
> -			break;
> -
>   		head = vhost_get_vq_desc(&net->dev, vq, vq->iov,
>   					 ARRAY_SIZE(vq->iov),
>   					 &out, &in,
> @@ -405,9 +396,13 @@ static void handle_tx(struct vhost_net *net)
>   			break;
>   		}
>
> +		num_pends = likely(nvq->upend_idx >= nvq->done_idx) ?
> +			    (nvq->upend_idx - nvq->done_idx) :
> +			    (nvq->upend_idx + UIO_MAXIOV -
> +			     nvq->done_idx);
> +
>   		zcopy_used = zcopy && len >= VHOST_GOODCOPY_LEN
> -				   && (nvq->upend_idx + 1) % UIO_MAXIOV !=
> -				      nvq->done_idx
> +				   && num_pends <= vq->num >> 1
>   				   && vhost_net_tx_select_zcopy(net);
>
>   		/* use msg_control to pass vhost zerocopy ubuf info to skb */
>
Reviewed-by: Qin chuanyu <qinchuanyu@...wei.com>

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