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Date:	Mon, 10 Mar 2014 17:14:02 +0000
From:	Zoltan Kiss <zoltan.kiss@...rix.com>
To:	Stefano Stabellini <stefano.stabellini@...citrix.com>,
	David Vrabel <david.vrabel@...rix.com>,
	Russell King <linux@....linux.org.uk>,
	Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@...cle.com>,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
	Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>,
	"H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>
CC:	Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@...p.org>, Matt Wilson <msw@...ux.com>,
	Anthony Liguori <aliguori@...zon.com>,
	Roger Pau Monné <roger.pau@...rix.com>,
	<x86@...nel.org>, <xen-devel@...ts.xenproject.org>,
	<virtualization@...ts.linux-foundation.org>,
	<linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org>,
	<linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] xen/grant-table: Refactor gnttab_[un]map_refs to avoid
 m2p_override

David/Stefano, can you take a look, and ack if you are happy with this? 
I could build it on ARM and a backported version on 3.10 have seen quite 
a lot of testing recently.

Zoli

On 27/02/14 15:55, Zoltan Kiss wrote:
> (This is a continuation of "[PATCH v9] xen/grant-table: Avoid m2p_override
> during mapping")
>
> The grant mapping API does m2p_override unnecessarily: only gntdev needs it,
> for blkback and future netback patches it just cause a lock contention, as
> those pages never go to userspace. Therefore this series does the following:
> - the bulk of the original function (everything after the mapping hypercall)
>    is moved to arch-dependent set/clear_foreign_p2m_mapping
> - the "if (xen_feature(XENFEAT_auto_translated_physmap))" brach goes to ARM
> - therefore the ARM function could be much smaller, the m2p_override stubs
>    could be also removed
> - on x86 the set_phys_to_machine calls were moved up to this new funcion
>    from m2p_override functions
> - and m2p_override functions are only called when there is a kmap_ops param
>
> It also removes a stray space from arch/x86/include/asm/xen/page.h.
>
> Signed-off-by: Zoltan Kiss <zoltan.kiss@...rix.com>
> Suggested-by: Anthony Liguori <aliguori@...zon.com>
> Suggested-by: David Vrabel <david.vrabel@...rix.com>
> Suggested-by: Stefano Stabellini <stefano.stabellini@...citrix.com>
> ---
>   arch/arm/include/asm/xen/page.h |   15 ++---
>   arch/arm/xen/p2m.c              |   32 +++++++++++
>   arch/x86/include/asm/xen/page.h |   11 +++-
>   arch/x86/xen/p2m.c              |  121 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
>   drivers/xen/grant-table.c       |   73 +----------------------
>   5 files changed, 156 insertions(+), 96 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/xen/page.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/xen/page.h
> index e0965ab..cf4f3e8 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/include/asm/xen/page.h
> +++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/xen/page.h
> @@ -97,16 +97,13 @@ static inline pte_t *lookup_address(unsigned long address, unsigned int *level)
>   	return NULL;
>   }
>
> -static inline int m2p_add_override(unsigned long mfn, struct page *page,
> -		struct gnttab_map_grant_ref *kmap_op)
> -{
> -	return 0;
> -}
> +extern int set_foreign_p2m_mapping(struct gnttab_map_grant_ref *map_ops,
> +				   struct gnttab_map_grant_ref *kmap_ops,
> +				   struct page **pages, unsigned int count);
>
> -static inline int m2p_remove_override(struct page *page, bool clear_pte)
> -{
> -	return 0;
> -}
> +extern int clear_foreign_p2m_mapping(struct gnttab_unmap_grant_ref *unmap_ops,
> +				     struct gnttab_map_grant_ref *kmap_ops,
> +				     struct page **pages, unsigned int count);
>
>   bool __set_phys_to_machine(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long mfn);
>   bool __set_phys_to_machine_multi(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long mfn,
> diff --git a/arch/arm/xen/p2m.c b/arch/arm/xen/p2m.c
> index b31ee1b2..9c48778 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/xen/p2m.c
> +++ b/arch/arm/xen/p2m.c
> @@ -146,6 +146,38 @@ unsigned long __mfn_to_pfn(unsigned long mfn)
>   }
>   EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__mfn_to_pfn);
>
> +int set_foreign_p2m_mapping(struct gnttab_map_grant_ref *map_ops,
> +			    struct gnttab_map_grant_ref *kmap_ops,
> +			    struct page **pages, unsigned int count);
> +{
> +	int i;
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
> +		if (map_ops[i].status)
> +			continue;
> +		set_phys_to_machine(map_ops[i].host_addr >> PAGE_SHIFT,
> +				    map_ops[i].dev_bus_addr >> PAGE_SHIFT);
> +	}
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(set_foreign_p2m_mapping);
> +
> +int clear_foreign_p2m_mapping(struct gnttab_unmap_grant_ref *unmap_ops,
> +			      struct gnttab_map_grant_ref *kmap_ops,
> +			      struct page **pages, unsigned int count);
> +{
> +	int i;
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
> +		set_phys_to_machine(unmap_ops[i].host_addr >> PAGE_SHIFT,
> +				    INVALID_P2M_ENTRY);
> +	}
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(clear_foreign_p2m_mapping);
> +
>   bool __set_phys_to_machine_multi(unsigned long pfn,
>   		unsigned long mfn, unsigned long nr_pages)
>   {
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/xen/page.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/xen/page.h
> index 3e276eb..c949923 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/xen/page.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/xen/page.h
> @@ -49,10 +49,17 @@ extern bool __set_phys_to_machine(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long mfn);
>   extern unsigned long set_phys_range_identity(unsigned long pfn_s,
>   					     unsigned long pfn_e);
>
> +extern int set_foreign_p2m_mapping(struct gnttab_map_grant_ref *map_ops,
> +				   struct gnttab_map_grant_ref *kmap_ops,
> +				   struct page **pages, unsigned int count);
>   extern int m2p_add_override(unsigned long mfn, struct page *page,
>   			    struct gnttab_map_grant_ref *kmap_op);
> +extern int clear_foreign_p2m_mapping(struct gnttab_unmap_grant_ref *unmap_ops,
> +				     struct gnttab_map_grant_ref *kmap_ops,
> +				     struct page **pages, unsigned int count);
>   extern int m2p_remove_override(struct page *page,
> -				struct gnttab_map_grant_ref *kmap_op);
> +			       struct gnttab_map_grant_ref *kmap_op,
> +			       unsigned long mfn);
>   extern struct page *m2p_find_override(unsigned long mfn);
>   extern unsigned long m2p_find_override_pfn(unsigned long mfn, unsigned long pfn);
>
> @@ -121,7 +128,7 @@ static inline unsigned long mfn_to_pfn(unsigned long mfn)
>   		pfn = m2p_find_override_pfn(mfn, ~0);
>   	}
>
> -	/*
> +	/*
>   	 * pfn is ~0 if there are no entries in the m2p for mfn or if the
>   	 * entry doesn't map back to the mfn and m2p_override doesn't have a
>   	 * valid entry for it.
> diff --git a/arch/x86/xen/p2m.c b/arch/x86/xen/p2m.c
> index 696c694..85e5d78 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/xen/p2m.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/xen/p2m.c
> @@ -881,6 +881,65 @@ static unsigned long mfn_hash(unsigned long mfn)
>   	return hash_long(mfn, M2P_OVERRIDE_HASH_SHIFT);
>   }
>
> +int set_foreign_p2m_mapping(struct gnttab_map_grant_ref *map_ops,
> +			    struct gnttab_map_grant_ref *kmap_ops,
> +			    struct page **pages, unsigned int count)
> +{
> +	int i, ret = 0;
> +	bool lazy = false;
> +	pte_t *pte;
> +
> +	if (xen_feature(XENFEAT_auto_translated_physmap))
> +		return 0;
> +
> +	if (kmap_ops &&
> +	    !in_interrupt() &&
> +	    paravirt_get_lazy_mode() == PARAVIRT_LAZY_NONE) {
> +		arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode();
> +		lazy = true;
> +	}
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
> +		unsigned long mfn, pfn;
> +
> +		/* Do not add to override if the map failed. */
> +		if (map_ops[i].status)
> +			continue;
> +
> +		if (map_ops[i].flags & GNTMAP_contains_pte) {
> +			pte = (pte_t *) (mfn_to_virt(PFN_DOWN(map_ops[i].host_addr)) +
> +				(map_ops[i].host_addr & ~PAGE_MASK));
> +			mfn = pte_mfn(*pte);
> +		} else {
> +			mfn = PFN_DOWN(map_ops[i].dev_bus_addr);
> +		}
> +		pfn = page_to_pfn(pages[i]);
> +
> +		WARN_ON(PagePrivate(pages[i]));
> +		SetPagePrivate(pages[i]);
> +		set_page_private(pages[i], mfn);
> +		pages[i]->index = pfn_to_mfn(pfn);
> +
> +		if (unlikely(!set_phys_to_machine(pfn, FOREIGN_FRAME(mfn)))) {
> +			ret = -ENOMEM;
> +			goto out;
> +		}
> +
> +		if (kmap_ops) {
> +			ret = m2p_add_override(mfn, pages[i], &kmap_ops[i]);
> +			if (ret)
> +				goto out;
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +out:
> +	if (lazy)
> +		arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode();
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(set_foreign_p2m_mapping);
> +
>   /* Add an MFN override for a particular page */
>   int m2p_add_override(unsigned long mfn, struct page *page,
>   		struct gnttab_map_grant_ref *kmap_op)
> @@ -899,13 +958,6 @@ int m2p_add_override(unsigned long mfn, struct page *page,
>   					"m2p_add_override: pfn %lx not mapped", pfn))
>   			return -EINVAL;
>   	}
> -	WARN_ON(PagePrivate(page));
> -	SetPagePrivate(page);
> -	set_page_private(page, mfn);
> -	page->index = pfn_to_mfn(pfn);
> -
> -	if (unlikely(!set_phys_to_machine(pfn, FOREIGN_FRAME(mfn))))
> -		return -ENOMEM;
>
>   	if (kmap_op != NULL) {
>   		if (!PageHighMem(page)) {
> @@ -943,20 +995,62 @@ int m2p_add_override(unsigned long mfn, struct page *page,
>   	return 0;
>   }
>   EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(m2p_add_override);
> +
> +int clear_foreign_p2m_mapping(struct gnttab_unmap_grant_ref *unmap_ops,
> +			      struct gnttab_map_grant_ref *kmap_ops,
> +			      struct page **pages, unsigned int count)
> +{
> +	int i, ret = 0;
> +	bool lazy = false;
> +
> +	if (xen_feature(XENFEAT_auto_translated_physmap))
> +		return 0;
> +
> +	if (kmap_ops &&
> +	    !in_interrupt() &&
> +	    paravirt_get_lazy_mode() == PARAVIRT_LAZY_NONE) {
> +		arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode();
> +		lazy = true;
> +	}
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
> +		unsigned long mfn = get_phys_to_machine(page_to_pfn(pages[i]));
> +		unsigned long pfn = page_to_pfn(pages[i]);
> +
> +		if (mfn == INVALID_P2M_ENTRY || !(mfn & FOREIGN_FRAME_BIT)) {
> +			ret = -EINVAL;
> +			goto out;
> +		}
> +
> +		set_page_private(pages[i], INVALID_P2M_ENTRY);
> +		WARN_ON(!PagePrivate(pages[i]));
> +		ClearPagePrivate(pages[i]);
> +		set_phys_to_machine(pfn, pages[i]->index);
> +
> +		if (kmap_ops)
> +			ret = m2p_remove_override(pages[i], &kmap_ops[i], mfn);
> +		if (ret)
> +			goto out;
> +	}
> +
> +out:
> +	if (lazy)
> +		arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode();
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(clear_foreign_p2m_mapping);
> +
>   int m2p_remove_override(struct page *page,
> -		struct gnttab_map_grant_ref *kmap_op)
> +			struct gnttab_map_grant_ref *kmap_op,
> +			unsigned long mfn)
>   {
>   	unsigned long flags;
> -	unsigned long mfn;
>   	unsigned long pfn;
>   	unsigned long uninitialized_var(address);
>   	unsigned level;
>   	pte_t *ptep = NULL;
>
>   	pfn = page_to_pfn(page);
> -	mfn = get_phys_to_machine(pfn);
> -	if (mfn == INVALID_P2M_ENTRY || !(mfn & FOREIGN_FRAME_BIT))
> -		return -EINVAL;
>
>   	if (!PageHighMem(page)) {
>   		address = (unsigned long)__va(pfn << PAGE_SHIFT);
> @@ -970,10 +1064,7 @@ int m2p_remove_override(struct page *page,
>   	spin_lock_irqsave(&m2p_override_lock, flags);
>   	list_del(&page->lru);
>   	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&m2p_override_lock, flags);
> -	WARN_ON(!PagePrivate(page));
> -	ClearPagePrivate(page);
>
> -	set_phys_to_machine(pfn, page->index);
>   	if (kmap_op != NULL) {
>   		if (!PageHighMem(page)) {
>   			struct multicall_space mcs;
> diff --git a/drivers/xen/grant-table.c b/drivers/xen/grant-table.c
> index b84e3ab..6d325bd 100644
> --- a/drivers/xen/grant-table.c
> +++ b/drivers/xen/grant-table.c
> @@ -933,9 +933,6 @@ int gnttab_map_refs(struct gnttab_map_grant_ref *map_ops,
>   		    struct page **pages, unsigned int count)
>   {
>   	int i, ret;
> -	bool lazy = false;
> -	pte_t *pte;
> -	unsigned long mfn;
>
>   	ret = HYPERVISOR_grant_table_op(GNTTABOP_map_grant_ref, map_ops, count);
>   	if (ret)
> @@ -947,45 +944,7 @@ int gnttab_map_refs(struct gnttab_map_grant_ref *map_ops,
>   			gnttab_retry_eagain_gop(GNTTABOP_map_grant_ref, map_ops + i,
>   						&map_ops[i].status, __func__);
>
> -	/* this is basically a nop on x86 */
> -	if (xen_feature(XENFEAT_auto_translated_physmap)) {
> -		for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
> -			if (map_ops[i].status)
> -				continue;
> -			set_phys_to_machine(map_ops[i].host_addr >> PAGE_SHIFT,
> -					map_ops[i].dev_bus_addr >> PAGE_SHIFT);
> -		}
> -		return ret;
> -	}
> -
> -	if (!in_interrupt() && paravirt_get_lazy_mode() == PARAVIRT_LAZY_NONE) {
> -		arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode();
> -		lazy = true;
> -	}
> -
> -	for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
> -		/* Do not add to override if the map failed. */
> -		if (map_ops[i].status)
> -			continue;
> -
> -		if (map_ops[i].flags & GNTMAP_contains_pte) {
> -			pte = (pte_t *) (mfn_to_virt(PFN_DOWN(map_ops[i].host_addr)) +
> -				(map_ops[i].host_addr & ~PAGE_MASK));
> -			mfn = pte_mfn(*pte);
> -		} else {
> -			mfn = PFN_DOWN(map_ops[i].dev_bus_addr);
> -		}
> -		ret = m2p_add_override(mfn, pages[i], kmap_ops ?
> -				       &kmap_ops[i] : NULL);
> -		if (ret)
> -			goto out;
> -	}
> -
> - out:
> -	if (lazy)
> -		arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode();
> -
> -	return ret;
> +	return set_foreign_p2m_mapping(map_ops, kmap_ops, pages, count);
>   }
>   EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gnttab_map_refs);
>
> @@ -993,39 +952,13 @@ int gnttab_unmap_refs(struct gnttab_unmap_grant_ref *unmap_ops,
>   		      struct gnttab_map_grant_ref *kmap_ops,
>   		      struct page **pages, unsigned int count)
>   {
> -	int i, ret;
> -	bool lazy = false;
> +	int ret;
>
>   	ret = HYPERVISOR_grant_table_op(GNTTABOP_unmap_grant_ref, unmap_ops, count);
>   	if (ret)
>   		return ret;
>
> -	/* this is basically a nop on x86 */
> -	if (xen_feature(XENFEAT_auto_translated_physmap)) {
> -		for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
> -			set_phys_to_machine(unmap_ops[i].host_addr >> PAGE_SHIFT,
> -					INVALID_P2M_ENTRY);
> -		}
> -		return ret;
> -	}
> -
> -	if (!in_interrupt() && paravirt_get_lazy_mode() == PARAVIRT_LAZY_NONE) {
> -		arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode();
> -		lazy = true;
> -	}
> -
> -	for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
> -		ret = m2p_remove_override(pages[i], kmap_ops ?
> -				       &kmap_ops[i] : NULL);
> -		if (ret)
> -			goto out;
> -	}
> -
> - out:
> -	if (lazy)
> -		arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode();
> -
> -	return ret;
> +	return clear_foreign_p2m_mapping(unmap_ops, kmap_ops, pages, count);
>   }
>   EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gnttab_unmap_refs);
>
>

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