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Date:	Tue, 11 Mar 2014 02:08:49 +0530
From:	"Srivatsa S. Bhat" <srivatsa.bhat@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>
To:	paulus@...ba.org, oleg@...hat.com, mingo@...nel.org,
	rjw@...ysocki.net, rusty@...tcorp.com.au, peterz@...radead.org,
	tglx@...utronix.de, akpm@...ux-foundation.org
Cc:	paulmck@...ux.vnet.ibm.com, tj@...nel.org, walken@...gle.com,
	ego@...ux.vnet.ibm.com, linux@....linux.org.uk,
	linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, linux-arch@...r.kernel.org,
	linux-pm@...r.kernel.org, linuxppc-dev@...abs.org,
	srivatsa.bhat@...ux.vnet.ibm.com, Robert Richter <rric@...nel.org>,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
	Ingo Molnar <mingo@...nel.org>,
	"H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>, x86@...nel.org,
	"Srivatsa S. Bhat" <srivatsa.bhat@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>
Subject: [PATCH v3 28/52] x86, oprofile,
 nmi: Fix CPU hotplug callback registration

Subsystems that want to register CPU hotplug callbacks, as well as perform
initialization for the CPUs that are already online, often do it as shown
below:

	get_online_cpus();

	for_each_online_cpu(cpu)
		init_cpu(cpu);

	register_cpu_notifier(&foobar_cpu_notifier);

	put_online_cpus();

This is wrong, since it is prone to ABBA deadlocks involving the
cpu_add_remove_lock and the cpu_hotplug.lock (when running concurrently
with CPU hotplug operations).

Instead, the correct and race-free way of performing the callback
registration is:

	cpu_notifier_register_begin();

	for_each_online_cpu(cpu)
		init_cpu(cpu);

	/* Note the use of the double underscored version of the API */
	__register_cpu_notifier(&foobar_cpu_notifier);

	cpu_notifier_register_done();


Fix the oprofile code in x86 by using this latter form of callback
registration. But retain the calls to get/put_online_cpus(), since they are
used in other places as well, to protect the variables 'nmi_enabled' and
'ctr_running'. Strictly speaking, this is not necessary since
cpu_notifier_register_begin/done() provide a stronger synchronization
with CPU hotplug than get/put_online_cpus(). However, let's retain the
calls to get/put_online_cpus() to be consistent with the other call-sites.

By nesting get/put_online_cpus() *inside* cpu_notifier_register_begin/done(),
we avoid the ABBA deadlock possibility mentioned above.

Cc: Robert Richter <rric@...nel.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@...nel.org>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>
Cc: x86@...nel.org
Signed-off-by: Srivatsa S. Bhat <srivatsa.bhat@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>
---

 arch/x86/oprofile/nmi_int.c |   15 +++++++++++++--
 1 file changed, 13 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/oprofile/nmi_int.c b/arch/x86/oprofile/nmi_int.c
index 6890d84..379e8bd 100644
--- a/arch/x86/oprofile/nmi_int.c
+++ b/arch/x86/oprofile/nmi_int.c
@@ -494,14 +494,19 @@ static int nmi_setup(void)
 	if (err)
 		goto fail;
 
+	cpu_notifier_register_begin();
+
+	/* Use get/put_online_cpus() to protect 'nmi_enabled' */
 	get_online_cpus();
-	register_cpu_notifier(&oprofile_cpu_nb);
 	nmi_enabled = 1;
 	/* make nmi_enabled visible to the nmi handler: */
 	smp_mb();
 	on_each_cpu(nmi_cpu_setup, NULL, 1);
+	__register_cpu_notifier(&oprofile_cpu_nb);
 	put_online_cpus();
 
+	cpu_notifier_register_done();
+
 	return 0;
 fail:
 	free_msrs();
@@ -512,12 +517,18 @@ static void nmi_shutdown(void)
 {
 	struct op_msrs *msrs;
 
+	cpu_notifier_register_begin();
+
+	/* Use get/put_online_cpus() to protect 'nmi_enabled' & 'ctr_running' */
 	get_online_cpus();
-	unregister_cpu_notifier(&oprofile_cpu_nb);
 	on_each_cpu(nmi_cpu_shutdown, NULL, 1);
 	nmi_enabled = 0;
 	ctr_running = 0;
+	__unregister_cpu_notifier(&oprofile_cpu_nb);
 	put_online_cpus();
+
+	cpu_notifier_register_done();
+
 	/* make variables visible to the nmi handler: */
 	smp_mb();
 	unregister_nmi_handler(NMI_LOCAL, "oprofile");

--
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