lists  /  announce  owl-users  owl-dev  john-users  john-dev  passwdqc-users  yescrypt  popa3d-users  /  oss-security  kernel-hardening  musl  sabotage  tlsify  passwords  /  crypt-dev  xvendor  /  Bugtraq  Full-Disclosure  linux-kernel  linux-netdev  linux-ext4  linux-hardening  PHC 
Open Source and information security mailing list archives
Hash Suite: Windows password security audit tool. GUI, reports in PDF.
[<prev] [next>] [day] [month] [year] [list]
Date:	Thu, 20 Mar 2014 14:26:12 +0800
From:	<>
To:	<>, <>, <>,
	<>, <>,
CC:	<>, <>
Subject: [PATCH v2] printk: fix one circular lockdep warning about console_lock

From: Jane Li <>

This patch tries to fix a warning about possible circular locking

If do in following sequence:
    enter suspend ->  resume ->  plug-out CPUx (echo 0 > cpux/online)
lockdep will show warning as following:

[ INFO: possible circular locking dependency detected ]
3.10.0 #2 Tainted: G           O
sh/1271 is trying to acquire lock:
(console_lock){+.+.+.}, at: [<c06ebf7c>] console_cpu_notify+0x20/0x2c
but task is already holding lock:
(cpu_hotplug.lock){+.+.+.}, at: [<c012b4e8>] cpu_hotplug_begin+0x2c/0x58
which lock already depends on the new lock.

the existing dependency chain (in reverse order) is:
-> #2 (cpu_hotplug.lock){+.+.+.}:
[<c017bb7c>] lock_acquire+0x98/0x12c
[<c06f5014>] mutex_lock_nested+0x50/0x3d8
[<c012b4e8>] cpu_hotplug_begin+0x2c/0x58
[<c06ebfac>] _cpu_up+0x24/0x154
[<c06ec140>] cpu_up+0x64/0x84
[<c0981834>] smp_init+0x9c/0xd4
[<c0973880>] kernel_init_freeable+0x78/0x1c8
[<c06e7f40>] kernel_init+0x8/0xe4
[<c010eec8>] ret_from_fork+0x14/0x2c

-> #1 (cpu_add_remove_lock){+.+.+.}:
[<c017bb7c>] lock_acquire+0x98/0x12c
[<c06f5014>] mutex_lock_nested+0x50/0x3d8
[<c012b758>] disable_nonboot_cpus+0x8/0xe8
[<c016b83c>] suspend_devices_and_enter+0x214/0x448
[<c016bc54>] pm_suspend+0x1e4/0x284
[<c016bdcc>] try_to_suspend+0xa4/0xbc
[<c0143848>] process_one_work+0x1c4/0x4fc
[<c0143f80>] worker_thread+0x138/0x37c
[<c014aaf8>] kthread+0xa4/0xb0
[<c010eec8>] ret_from_fork+0x14/0x2c

-> #0 (console_lock){+.+.+.}:
[<c017b5d0>] __lock_acquire+0x1b38/0x1b80
[<c017bb7c>] lock_acquire+0x98/0x12c
[<c01288c4>] console_lock+0x54/0x68
[<c06ebf7c>] console_cpu_notify+0x20/0x2c
[<c01501d4>] notifier_call_chain+0x44/0x84
[<c012b448>] __cpu_notify+0x2c/0x48
[<c012b5b0>] cpu_notify_nofail+0x8/0x14
[<c06e81bc>] _cpu_down+0xf4/0x258
[<c06e8344>] cpu_down+0x24/0x40
[<c06e921c>] store_online+0x30/0x74
[<c03b7298>] dev_attr_store+0x18/0x24
[<c025fc5c>] sysfs_write_file+0x16c/0x19c
[<c0207a98>] vfs_write+0xb4/0x190
[<c0207e58>] SyS_write+0x3c/0x70
[<c010ee00>] ret_fast_syscall+0x0/0x48

Chain exists of:
   console_lock --> cpu_add_remove_lock --> cpu_hotplug.lock

Possible unsafe locking scenario:
       CPU0                    CPU1
       ----                    ----
  *** DEADLOCK ***

There are three locks involved in two sequence:
a) pm suspend:
	console_lock (@suspend_console())
	cpu_add_remove_lock (@disable_nonboot_cpus())
	cpu_hotplug.lock (@_cpu_down())
b) Plug-out CPUx:
	cpu_add_remove_lock (@(cpu_down())
	cpu_hotplug.lock (@_cpu_down())
	console_lock (@console_cpu_notify()) => Lockdeps prints warning log.

There should be not real deadlock, as flag of console_suspended can
protect this.

Although console_suspend() releases console_sem, it doesn't tell lockdep
about it. That results in the lockdep warning about circular locking
when doing the following:
  enter suspend ->  resume ->  plug-out CPUx (echo 0 > cpux/online)

Fix the problem by telling lockdep we actually released the semaphore in
console_suspend() and acquired it again in console_resume().

Signed-off-by: Jane Li <>
 kernel/printk/printk.c |    2 ++
 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+)

diff --git a/kernel/printk/printk.c b/kernel/printk/printk.c
index 4dae9cb..e6ada32 100644
--- a/kernel/printk/printk.c
+++ b/kernel/printk/printk.c
@@ -1880,6 +1880,7 @@ void suspend_console(void)
 	console_suspended = 1;
+	mutex_release(&console_lock_dep_map, 1, _RET_IP_);
 void resume_console(void)
@@ -1887,6 +1888,7 @@ void resume_console(void)
 	if (!console_suspend_enabled)
+	mutex_acquire(&console_lock_dep_map, 0, 0, _RET_IP_);
 	console_suspended = 0;

To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to
More majordomo info at
Please read the FAQ at

Powered by blists - more mailing lists