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Date:	Fri, 21 Mar 2014 16:08:44 -0500
From:	Rob Herring <robherring2@...il.com>
To:	linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
	linux-serial@...r.kernel.org
Cc:	Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>,
	Jiri Slaby <jslaby@...e.cz>,
	Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@....com>,
	Russell King <linux@....linux.org.uk>,
	Will Deacon <will.deacon@....com>, x86@...nel.org,
	Arnd Bergmann <arnd@...db.de>, Rob Herring <robh@...nel.org>
Subject: [PATCH 4/8] tty/serial: add generic serial earlycon

From: Rob Herring <robh@...nel.org>

This introduces generic earlycon infrastructure for serial devices
based on the 8250 earlycon. This allows for supporting earlycon option
with other serial devices. The earlycon output is enabled at the time
early_params are processed.

Only architectures that have fixmap support or have functional ioremap
when early_params are processed are supported. This is the same
restriction that the 8250 driver had.

Signed-off-by: Rob Herring <robh@...nel.org>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>
Cc: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@...e.cz>
---
 drivers/tty/serial/Kconfig    |   7 ++
 drivers/tty/serial/Makefile   |   2 +
 drivers/tty/serial/earlycon.c | 148 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/serial_core.h   |  16 +++++
 4 files changed, 173 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 drivers/tty/serial/earlycon.c

diff --git a/drivers/tty/serial/Kconfig b/drivers/tty/serial/Kconfig
index 2e6d8dd..1685189 100644
--- a/drivers/tty/serial/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/tty/serial/Kconfig
@@ -7,6 +7,13 @@ if TTY
 menu "Serial drivers"
 	depends on HAS_IOMEM
 
+config SERIAL_EARLYCON
+	bool "Early console for serial ports"
+	help
+	  Support for early consoles with the earlycon parameter. This enables
+	  the console before standard serial driver is probed. The console is
+	  enabled when early_param is processed.
+
 source "drivers/tty/serial/8250/Kconfig"
 
 comment "Non-8250 serial port support"
diff --git a/drivers/tty/serial/Makefile b/drivers/tty/serial/Makefile
index 3680854..8af1415 100644
--- a/drivers/tty/serial/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/tty/serial/Makefile
@@ -5,6 +5,8 @@
 obj-$(CONFIG_SERIAL_CORE) += serial_core.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SERIAL_21285) += 21285.o
 
+obj-$(CONFIG_SERIAL_EARLYCON) += earlycon.o
+
 # These Sparc drivers have to appear before others such as 8250
 # which share ttySx minor node space.  Otherwise console device
 # names change and other unplesantries.
diff --git a/drivers/tty/serial/earlycon.c b/drivers/tty/serial/earlycon.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..241757a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/tty/serial/earlycon.c
@@ -0,0 +1,148 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2014 Linaro Ltd.
+ * Author: Rob Herring <robh@...nel.org>
+ *
+ * Based on 8250 earlycon:
+ * (c) Copyright 2004 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
+ *	Bjorn Helgaas <bjorn.helgaas@...com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+#include <linux/console.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/io.h>
+#include <linux/serial_core.h>
+
+#include <asm/fixmap.h>
+#include <asm/serial.h>
+
+static struct console early_con = {
+	.name =		"earlycon",
+	.flags =	CON_PRINTBUFFER | CON_BOOT,
+	.index =	-1,
+};
+
+static struct earlycon_device early_console_dev = {
+	.con = &early_con,
+};
+
+static void __iomem * __init earlycon_map(unsigned long paddr, size_t size)
+{
+	void __iomem *base;
+#ifdef CONFIG_FIX_EARLYCON_MEM
+	set_fixmap_nocache(FIX_EARLYCON_MEM_BASE, paddr & PAGE_MASK);
+	base = (void __iomem *)__fix_to_virt(FIX_EARLYCON_MEM_BASE);
+	base += paddr & ~PAGE_MASK;
+#else
+	base = ioremap_nocache(paddr, size);
+#endif
+	if (!base)
+		pr_err("%s: Couldn't map 0x%llx\n", __func__,
+		       (unsigned long long)paddr);
+
+	return base;
+}
+
+static int __init parse_options(struct earlycon_device *device,
+				char *options)
+{
+	struct uart_port *port = &device->port;
+	int mmio, mmio32, length, ret;
+	unsigned long addr;
+
+	if (!options)
+		return -ENODEV;
+
+	mmio = !strncmp(options, "mmio,", 5);
+	mmio32 = !strncmp(options, "mmio32,", 7);
+	if (mmio || mmio32) {
+		port->iotype = (mmio ? UPIO_MEM : UPIO_MEM32);
+		options += mmio ? 5 : 7;
+		ret = kstrtoul(options, 0, &addr);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+		port->mapbase = addr;
+		if (mmio32)
+			port->regshift = 2;
+	} else if (!strncmp(options, "io,", 3)) {
+		port->iotype = UPIO_PORT;
+		options += 3;
+		ret = kstrtoul(options, 0, &addr);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+		port->iobase = addr;
+		mmio = 0;
+	} else if (!strncmp(options, "0x", 2)) {
+		port->iotype = UPIO_MEM;
+		ret = kstrtoul(options, 0, &addr);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+		port->mapbase = addr;
+	} else {
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	if (port->mapbase)
+		port->membase = earlycon_map(port->mapbase, 64);
+
+	port->uartclk = BASE_BAUD * 16;
+
+	options = strchr(options, ',');
+	if (options) {
+		options++;
+		ret = kstrtouint(options, 0, &device->baud);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+		length = min(strcspn(options, " ") + 1,
+			     (size_t)(sizeof(device->options)));
+		strlcpy(device->options, options, length);
+	}
+
+	if (mmio || mmio32)
+		pr_info("Early serial console at MMIO%s 0x%llx (options '%s')\n",
+			mmio32 ? "32" : "",
+			(unsigned long long)port->mapbase,
+			device->options);
+	else
+		pr_info("Early serial console at I/O port 0x%lx (options '%s')\n",
+			port->iobase,
+			device->options);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+int __init setup_earlycon(char *buf, const char *match,
+			  int (*setup)(struct earlycon_device *, const char *))
+{
+	int err;
+	size_t len;
+
+	if (!buf || !match || !setup)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	len = strlen(match);
+	if (strncmp(buf, match, len))
+		return 0;
+	if (buf[len] && (buf[len] != ','))
+		return 0;
+
+	buf += len + 1;
+
+	err = parse_options(&early_console_dev, buf);
+	/* On parsing error, pass the options buf to the setup function */
+	if (!err)
+		buf = NULL;
+
+	early_console_dev.con->data = &early_console_dev;
+	err = setup(&early_console_dev, buf);
+	if (err < 0)
+		return err;
+	if (!early_console_dev.con->write)
+		return -ENODEV;
+
+	register_console(early_console_dev.con);
+	return 0;
+}
diff --git a/include/linux/serial_core.h b/include/linux/serial_core.h
index f729be9..7a15b5b 100644
--- a/include/linux/serial_core.h
+++ b/include/linux/serial_core.h
@@ -285,6 +285,22 @@ static inline int uart_poll_timeout(struct uart_port *port)
 /*
  * Console helpers.
  */
+struct earlycon_device {
+	struct console *con;
+	struct uart_port port;
+	char options[16];		/* e.g., 115200n8 */
+	unsigned int baud;
+};
+int setup_earlycon(char *buf, const char *match,
+		   int (*setup)(struct earlycon_device *, const char *));
+
+#define EARLYCON_DECLARE(name, func) \
+static int __init name ## _setup_earlycon(char *buf) \
+{ \
+	return setup_earlycon(buf, __stringify(name), func); \
+} \
+early_param("earlycon", name ## _setup_earlycon);
+
 struct uart_port *uart_get_console(struct uart_port *ports, int nr,
 				   struct console *c);
 void uart_parse_options(char *options, int *baud, int *parity, int *bits,
-- 
1.8.3.2

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