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Date:	Fri, 21 Mar 2014 17:39:22 -0400
From:	Steven Rostedt <rostedt@...dmis.org>
To:	Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@...achi.com>
Cc:	linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, Ingo Molnar <mingo@...nel.org>,
	Andi Kleen <andi@...stfloor.org>,
	Ananth N Mavinakayanahalli <ananth@...ibm.com>,
	Sandeepa Prabhu <sandeepa.prabhu@...aro.org>,
	Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@...il.com>, x86@...nel.org,
	fche@...hat.com, mingo@...hat.com, systemtap@...rceware.org,
	"H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>
Subject: Re: [PATCH -tip v8 01/26] [BUGFIX]kprobes/x86: Fix page-fault
 handling logic

On Wed, 05 Mar 2014 20:58:50 +0900
Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@...achi.com> wrote:

> Current kprobes in-kernel page fault handler doesn't
> expect that its single-stepping can be interrupted by
> an NMI handler which may cause a page fault(e.g. perf
> with callback tracing).
> In that case, the page-fault handled by kprobes and it
> misunderstands the page-fault has been caused by the
> single-stepping code and tries to recover IP address
> to probed address.
> But the truth is the page-fault has been caused by the
> NMI handler, and do_page_fault failes to handle real
> page fault because the IP address is modified and
> causes Kernel BUGs like below.
> 
>  ----
>  [ 2264.726905] BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer
>  dereference at 0000000000000020
> [ 2264.727190] IP: [<ffffffff813c46e0>] copy_user_generic_string+0x0/0x40
> [ 2264.727380] PGD cbcd067 PUD cbcc067 PMD 0
> [ 2264.727529] Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP
> [ 2264.727683] Modules linked in: ipt_MASQUERADE bnep bluetooth 6lowpan_iphc iptable_nat nf_nat_ipv4 nf_nat aesni_intel aes_x86_64 ablk_helper cryptd lrw gf128mul glue_helper virtio_balloon snd_hda_intel snd_hda_codec snd_hwdep
> [ 2264.728391] CPU: 1 PID: 25094 Comm: perf Not tainted 3.14.0-rc1.badprobe+ #24
> [ 2264.728592] Hardware name: Bochs Bochs, BIOS Bochs 01/01/2011
> [ 2264.728747] task: ffff88003db9c210 ti: ffff88000caac000 task.ti: ffff88000caac000
> [ 2264.728950] RIP: 0010:[<ffffffff813c46e0>]  [<ffffffff813c46e0>] copy_user_generic_string+0x0/0x40
> [ 2264.729163] RSP: 0018:ffff88003fd06bd0  EFLAGS: 00010246
> [ 2264.729291] RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: ffff88003fd06bf8 RCX: 0000000000000002
> [ 2264.729472] RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 0000000000000020 RDI: ffff88003fd06bf8
> [ 2264.729661] RBP: ffff88003fd06bd8 R08: 0000000000000030 R09: 0000000000000000
> [ 2264.729789] R10: 000000000000001e R11: 0000000000000015 R12: ffff88000caadfd8
> [ 2264.729789] R13: ffff88003d76bc00 R14: ffff88003db9c210 R15: 0000000000000020
> [ 2264.729789] FS:  00007f398bbcc780(0000) GS:ffff88003fd00000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
> [ 2264.729789] CS:  0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
> [ 2264.729789] CR2: 0000000000000020 CR3: 00000000204f2000 CR4: 00000000000007e0
> [ 2264.729789] Stack:
> [ 2264.729789]  ffffffff813c5fd4 ffff88003fd06c30 ffffffff810183b0 ffff88003d76bc00
> [ 2264.729789]  ffff88003fd06ef8 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 ffff88003d76bc00
> [ 2264.729789]  000000000000000c 0000000000052ce0 ffff88000956f800 ffff88000caadf58
> [ 2264.729789] Call Trace:
> [ 2264.729789]  <NMI>
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff813c5fd4>] ? copy_from_user_nmi+0x64/0x70
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff810183b0>] perf_callchain_user+0xc0/0x220
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff8111cdb4>] perf_callchain+0x1c4/0x210
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff811193e3>] perf_prepare_sample+0x253/0x320
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff81119597>] __perf_event_overflow+0xe7/0x230
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff810177c8>] ? x86_perf_event_set_period+0xe8/0x150
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff8111a034>] perf_event_overflow+0x14/0x20
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff8101cf2d>] intel_pmu_handle_irq+0x1cd/0x400
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff81854c71>] ? ftrace_regs_caller+0x81/0xcd
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff813c46e0>] ? copy_user_generic_unrolled+0xc0/0xc0
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff810161bb>] perf_event_nmi_handler+0x2b/0x50
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff81006ce8>] nmi_handle+0x88/0x180
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff813c46e0>] ? copy_user_generic_unrolled+0xc0/0xc0
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff81006fca>] default_do_nmi+0x4a/0x140
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff81007168>] do_nmi+0xa8/0xe0
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff81856fe1>] end_repeat_nmi+0x1e/0x2e
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff813c46e0>] ? copy_user_generic_unrolled+0xc0/0xc0
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff810376ac>] ? skip_prefixes+0x1c/0x40
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff813c4c80>] ? bad_get_user+0x17/0x17
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff81854c71>] ? ftrace_regs_caller+0x81/0xcd
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff81854c71>] ? ftrace_regs_caller+0x81/0xcd
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff81854c71>] ? ftrace_regs_caller+0x81/0xcd
> [ 2264.729789]  <<EOE>>
> [ 2264.729789]  <#DB>  [<ffffffff813c46e0>] ? copy_user_generic_unrolled+0xc0/0xc0
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff813c46e1>] ? copy_user_generic_string+0x1/0x40
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff810e4321>] ? ftrace_cmp_recs+0x1/0x30
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff813c4c85>] ? inat_get_opcode_attribute+0x5/0x20
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff813c4c85>] ? inat_get_opcode_attribute+0x5/0x20
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff810376ac>] ? skip_prefixes+0x1c/0x40
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff81038107>] resume_execution+0x37/0x1d0
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff810382df>] kprobe_debug_handler+0x3f/0xe0
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff8100305f>] do_debug+0x7f/0x1d0
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff81856afa>] debug+0x3a/0x50
> [ 2264.729789]  <<EOE>>
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff811aae38>] ? seq_read+0x88/0x390
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff81363bc4>] ? security_file_permission+0x84/0xa0
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff811ed58d>] proc_reg_read+0x3d/0x80
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff81187c7b>] vfs_read+0x9b/0x160
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff81188739>] SyS_read+0x49/0xa0
> [ 2264.729789]  [<ffffffff81854f99>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
> [ 2264.729789] Code: c9 75 ee 21 d2 74 10 89 d1 8a 06 88 07 48 ff c6 48 ff c7 ff
>  c9 75 f2 31 c0 0f 1f 00 c3 66 66 66 66 66 2e 0f 1f 84 00 00 00 00 00 <cc> 1f 00
>  83 fa 08 72 27 89 f9 83 e1 07 74 15 83 e9 08 f7 d9 29
> [ 2264.729789] RIP  [<ffffffff813c46e0>] copy_user_generic_string+0x0/0x40
> [ 2264.729789]  RSP <ffff88003fd06bd0>
> [ 2264.729789] CR2: 0000000000000020
> [ 2264.729789] ---[ end trace 533fc16b4cc45447 ]---
> [ 2264.729789] Kernel panic - not syncing: Fatal exception in interrupt
> [ 2264.729789] Kernel Offset: 0x0 from 0xffffffff81000000 (relocation range: 0xf
> fffffff80000000-0xffffffff9fffffff)
>  ----
> 
> To handle this correctly, I fixed the kprobes fault
> handler to ensure the faulted ip address is its own
> single-step buffer instead of checking current kprobe
> state.
> 
> 
> Signed-off-by: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@...achi.com>
> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>
> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>
> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>
> ---
>  arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/core.c |   13 ++++---------
>  1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/core.c b/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/core.c
> index 79a3f96..b482e96 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/core.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/core.c
> @@ -897,9 +897,7 @@ int __kprobes kprobe_fault_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr)
>  	struct kprobe *cur = kprobe_running();
>  	struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb = get_kprobe_ctlblk();
>  
> -	switch (kcb->kprobe_status) {
> -	case KPROBE_HIT_SS:
> -	case KPROBE_REENTER:
> +	if (unlikely(regs->ip == (unsigned long)cur->ainsn.insn)) {

I wonder if we should add a:

	WARN_ON(kcb->kprobe_status != KPROBE_HIT_SS &&
		kcb->kprobe_status != KPROBE_REENTER);

-- Steve

>  		/*
>  		 * We are here because the instruction being single
>  		 * stepped caused a page fault. We reset the current
> @@ -914,9 +912,8 @@ int __kprobes kprobe_fault_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr)
>  		else
>  			reset_current_kprobe();
>  		preempt_enable_no_resched();
> -		break;
> -	case KPROBE_HIT_ACTIVE:
> -	case KPROBE_HIT_SSDONE:
> +	} else if (kcb->kprobe_status == KPROBE_HIT_ACTIVE ||
> +		   kcb->kprobe_status == KPROBE_HIT_SSDONE) {
>  		/*
>  		 * We increment the nmissed count for accounting,
>  		 * we can also use npre/npostfault count for accounting
> @@ -945,10 +942,8 @@ int __kprobes kprobe_fault_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr)
>  		 * fixup routine could not handle it,
>  		 * Let do_page_fault() fix it.
>  		 */
> -		break;
> -	default:
> -		break;
>  	}
> +
>  	return 0;
>  }
>  
> 

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