lists.openwall.net   lists  /  announce  owl-users  owl-dev  john-users  john-dev  passwdqc-users  yescrypt  popa3d-users  /  oss-security  kernel-hardening  musl  sabotage  tlsify  passwords  /  crypt-dev  xvendor  /  Bugtraq  Full-Disclosure  linux-kernel  linux-netdev  linux-ext4  linux-hardening  PHC 
Open Source and information security mailing list archives
 
Hash Suite: Windows password security audit tool. GUI, reports in PDF.
[<prev] [next>] [<thread-prev] [thread-next>] [day] [month] [year] [list]
Date:	Fri, 28 Mar 2014 10:45:16 -0400
From:	Jovi Zhangwei <jovi.zhangwei@...il.com>
To:	Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>,
	Steven Rostedt <rostedt@...dmis.org>
Cc:	linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
	Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@...achi.com>,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>,
	Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@...il.com>,
	Andi Kleen <andi@...stfloor.org>,
	Jovi Zhangwei <jovi.zhangwei@...il.com>
Subject: [PATCH v2 21/29] ktap: add symbol handling code(tools/ktap/symbol.[c|h])

This file is use for uprobe(include SDT) symbol lookup,
for example:

trace probe:/lib64/libc.so.6:malloc {
        print("malloc entry:", execname)
}

trace sdt:/lib64/libc.so.6:* {
        print(execname, argstr)
}

It need libelf library support.

Signed-off-by: Jovi Zhangwei <jovi.zhangwei@...il.com>
---
 tools/ktap/kp_symbol.c | 360 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 tools/ktap/kp_symbol.h |  50 +++++++
 2 files changed, 410 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 tools/ktap/kp_symbol.c
 create mode 100644 tools/ktap/kp_symbol.h

diff --git a/tools/ktap/kp_symbol.c b/tools/ktap/kp_symbol.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..1d5b73e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/ktap/kp_symbol.c
@@ -0,0 +1,360 @@
+/*
+ * symbol.c
+ *
+ * This file is part of ktap by Jovi Zhangwei.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2013 Azat Khuzhin <a3at.mail@...il.com>.
+ *
+ * ktap is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public License,
+ * version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * ktap is distributed in the hope it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for
+ * more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
+ * this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
+ * 51 Franklin St - Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
+ */
+
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <linux/limits.h>
+
+#include <libelf.h>
+
+#include "../../include/uapi/ktap/ktap_types.h"
+#include "kp_symbol.h"
+
+const char *dbg_link_name = ".gnu_debuglink";
+const char *dbg_bin_dir = "/usr/lib/debug";
+
+static Elf_Scn *elf_section_by_name(Elf *elf, GElf_Ehdr *ep,
+				    GElf_Shdr *shp, const char *name)
+{
+	Elf_Scn *scn = NULL;
+
+	/* Elf is corrupted/truncated, avoid calling elf_strptr. */
+	if (!elf_rawdata(elf_getscn(elf, ep->e_shstrndx), NULL))
+		return NULL;
+
+	while ((scn = elf_nextscn(elf, scn)) != NULL) {
+		char *str;
+
+		gelf_getshdr(scn, shp);
+		str = elf_strptr(elf, ep->e_shstrndx, shp->sh_name);
+		if (!strcmp(name, str))
+			break;
+	}
+
+	return scn;
+}
+
+/**
+ * @return v_addr of "LOAD" program header, that have zero offset.
+ */
+static int find_load_address(Elf *elf, vaddr_t *load_address)
+{
+	GElf_Phdr phdr;
+	size_t i, phdrnum;
+
+	if (elf_getphdrnum(elf, &phdrnum))
+		return -1;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < phdrnum; i++) {
+		if (gelf_getphdr(elf, i, &phdr) == NULL)
+			return -1;
+
+		if (phdr.p_type != PT_LOAD || phdr.p_offset != 0)
+			continue;
+
+		*load_address = phdr.p_vaddr;
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	/* cannot found load address */
+	return -1;
+}
+
+static size_t elf_symbols(GElf_Shdr shdr)
+{
+	return shdr.sh_size / shdr.sh_entsize;
+}
+
+static int dso_symbols(Elf *elf, symbol_actor actor, void *arg)
+{
+	Elf_Data *elf_data = NULL;
+	Elf_Scn *scn = NULL;
+	GElf_Sym sym;
+	GElf_Shdr shdr;
+	int symbols_count = 0;
+	vaddr_t load_address;
+
+	if (find_load_address(elf, &load_address))
+		return -1;
+
+	while ((scn = elf_nextscn(elf, scn))) {
+		int i;
+
+		gelf_getshdr(scn, &shdr);
+
+		if (shdr.sh_type != SHT_SYMTAB)
+			continue;
+
+		elf_data = elf_getdata(scn, elf_data);
+
+		for (i = 0; i < elf_symbols(shdr); i++) {
+			char *name;
+			vaddr_t addr;
+			int ret;
+
+			gelf_getsym(elf_data, i, &sym);
+
+			if (GELF_ST_TYPE(sym.st_info) != STT_FUNC)
+				continue;
+
+			name = elf_strptr(elf, shdr.sh_link, sym.st_name);
+			addr = sym.st_value - load_address;
+
+			ret = actor(name, addr, arg);
+			if (ret)
+				return ret;
+
+			++symbols_count;
+		}
+	}
+
+	return symbols_count;
+}
+
+#define SDT_NOTE_TYPE 3
+#define SDT_NOTE_COUNT 3
+#define SDT_NOTE_SCN ".note.stapsdt"
+#define SDT_NOTE_NAME "stapsdt"
+
+static vaddr_t sdt_note_addr(Elf *elf, const char *data, size_t len, int type)
+{
+	vaddr_t vaddr;
+
+	/*
+	 * Three addresses need to be obtained :
+	 * Marker location, address of base section and semaphore location
+	 */
+	union {
+		Elf64_Addr a64[3];
+		Elf32_Addr a32[3];
+	} buf;
+
+	/*
+	 * dst and src are required for translation from file to memory
+	 * representation
+	 */
+	Elf_Data dst = {
+		.d_buf = &buf, .d_type = ELF_T_ADDR, .d_version = EV_CURRENT,
+		.d_size = gelf_fsize(elf, ELF_T_ADDR, SDT_NOTE_COUNT, EV_CURRENT),
+		.d_off = 0, .d_align = 0
+	};
+
+	Elf_Data src = {
+		.d_buf = (void *) data, .d_type = ELF_T_ADDR,
+		.d_version = EV_CURRENT, .d_size = dst.d_size, .d_off = 0,
+		.d_align = 0
+	};
+
+	/* Check the type of each of the notes */
+	if (type != SDT_NOTE_TYPE)
+		return 0;
+
+	if (len < dst.d_size + SDT_NOTE_COUNT)
+		return 0;
+
+	/* Translation from file representation to memory representation */
+	if (gelf_xlatetom(elf, &dst, &src,
+			  elf_getident(elf, NULL)[EI_DATA]) == NULL)
+		return 0; /* TODO */
+
+	memcpy(&vaddr, &buf, sizeof(vaddr));
+
+	return vaddr;
+}
+
+static const char *sdt_note_name(Elf *elf, GElf_Nhdr *nhdr, const char *data)
+{
+	const char *provider = data + gelf_fsize(elf,
+		ELF_T_ADDR, SDT_NOTE_COUNT, EV_CURRENT);
+	const char *name = (const char *)memchr(provider, '\0',
+		data + nhdr->n_descsz - provider);
+
+	if (name++ == NULL)
+		return NULL;
+
+	return name;
+}
+
+static const char *sdt_note_data(const Elf_Data *data, size_t off)
+{
+	return ((data->d_buf) + off);
+}
+
+static int dso_sdt_notes(Elf *elf, symbol_actor actor, void *arg)
+{
+	GElf_Ehdr ehdr;
+	Elf_Scn *scn = NULL;
+	Elf_Data *data;
+	GElf_Shdr shdr;
+	size_t shstrndx;
+	size_t next;
+	GElf_Nhdr nhdr;
+	size_t name_off, desc_off, offset;
+	vaddr_t vaddr = 0;
+	int symbols_count = 0;
+
+	if (gelf_getehdr(elf, &ehdr) == NULL)
+		return 0;
+	if (elf_getshdrstrndx(elf, &shstrndx) != 0)
+		return 0;
+
+	/*
+	 * Look for section type = SHT_NOTE, flags = no SHF_ALLOC
+	 * and name = .note.stapsdt
+	 */
+	scn = elf_section_by_name(elf, &ehdr, &shdr, SDT_NOTE_SCN);
+	if (!scn)
+		return 0;
+	if (!(shdr.sh_type == SHT_NOTE) || (shdr.sh_flags & SHF_ALLOC))
+		return 0;
+
+	data = elf_getdata(scn, NULL);
+
+	for (offset = 0;
+		(next = gelf_getnote(data, offset, &nhdr, &name_off, &desc_off)) > 0;
+		offset = next) {
+		const char *name;
+		int ret;
+
+		if (nhdr.n_namesz != sizeof(SDT_NOTE_NAME) ||
+		    memcmp(data->d_buf + name_off, SDT_NOTE_NAME,
+			    sizeof(SDT_NOTE_NAME)))
+			continue;
+
+		name = sdt_note_name(elf, &nhdr, sdt_note_data(data, desc_off));
+		if (!name)
+			continue;
+
+		vaddr = sdt_note_addr(elf, sdt_note_data(data, desc_off),
+					nhdr.n_descsz, nhdr.n_type);
+		if (!vaddr)
+			continue;
+
+		ret = actor(name, vaddr, arg);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+
+		++symbols_count;
+	}
+
+	return symbols_count;
+}
+
+int dso_follow_debuglink(Elf *elf,
+			 const char *orig_exec,
+			 int type,
+			 symbol_actor actor,
+			 void *arg)
+{
+	GElf_Ehdr ehdr;
+	size_t shstrndx, orig_exec_dir_len;
+	GElf_Shdr shdr;
+	Elf_Scn *dbg_link_scn;
+	Elf_Data *dbg_link_scn_data;
+	char *dbg_link, *dbg_bin, *last_slash;
+	int symbols_count;
+
+	/* First try to find the .gnu_debuglink section in the binary. */
+	if (gelf_getehdr(elf, &ehdr) == NULL)
+		return 0;
+	if (elf_getshdrstrndx(elf, &shstrndx) != 0)
+		return 0;
+
+	dbg_link_scn = elf_section_by_name(elf, &ehdr, &shdr, dbg_link_name);
+	if (dbg_link_scn == NULL)
+		return 0;
+
+	/* Debug link section found, read of the content (only get the first
+	   string, no checksum checking atm). This is debug binary file name. */
+	dbg_link_scn_data = elf_getdata(dbg_link_scn, NULL);
+	if (dbg_link_scn_data == NULL ||
+	    dbg_link_scn_data->d_size <= 0 ||
+	    dbg_link_scn_data->d_buf == NULL)
+		return 0;
+
+	/* Now compose debug executable name */
+	dbg_link = (char *)(dbg_link_scn_data->d_buf);
+	dbg_bin = malloc(strlen(dbg_bin_dir) + 1 +
+			 strlen(orig_exec) + 1 +
+			 strlen(dbg_link) + 1);
+	if (!dbg_bin)
+		return 0;
+
+	orig_exec_dir_len = PATH_MAX;
+	last_slash = strrchr(orig_exec, '/');
+	if (last_slash != NULL)
+		orig_exec_dir_len = last_slash - orig_exec;
+
+	sprintf(dbg_bin, "%s/%.*s/%s",
+		dbg_bin_dir, (int)orig_exec_dir_len, orig_exec, dbg_link);
+
+	/* Retry symbol seach with the debug binary */
+	symbols_count = parse_dso_symbols(dbg_bin, type, actor, arg);
+
+	free(dbg_bin);
+
+	return symbols_count;
+}
+
+int parse_dso_symbols(const char *exec, int type, symbol_actor actor, void *arg)
+{
+	int symbols_count = 0;
+	Elf *elf;
+	int fd;
+
+	if (elf_version(EV_CURRENT) == EV_NONE)
+		return -1;
+
+	fd = open(exec, O_RDONLY);
+	if (fd < 0)
+		return -1;
+
+	elf = elf_begin(fd, ELF_C_READ, NULL);
+	if (elf) {
+		switch (type) {
+		case FIND_SYMBOL:
+			symbols_count = dso_symbols(elf, actor, arg);
+			if (symbols_count != 0)
+				break;
+			/* If no symbols found, try in the debuglink binary. */
+			symbols_count = dso_follow_debuglink(elf,
+							     exec,
+							     type,
+							     actor,
+							     arg);
+			break;
+		case FIND_STAPSDT_NOTE:
+			symbols_count = dso_sdt_notes(elf, actor, arg);
+			break;
+		}
+
+		elf_end(elf);
+	}
+
+	close(fd);
+	return symbols_count;
+}
diff --git a/tools/ktap/kp_symbol.h b/tools/ktap/kp_symbol.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..650e785
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/ktap/kp_symbol.h
@@ -0,0 +1,50 @@
+/*
+ * symbol.h - extract symbols from DSO.
+ *
+ * This file is part of ktap by Jovi Zhangwei.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2013 Azat Khuzhin <a3at.mail@...il.com>.
+ *
+ * ktap is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public License,
+ * version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * ktap is distributed in the hope it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for
+ * more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
+ * this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
+ * 51 Franklin St - Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
+ */
+
+
+#define FIND_SYMBOL 1
+#define FIND_STAPSDT_NOTE 2
+
+#ifndef NO_LIBELF
+
+#include <gelf.h>
+#include <sys/queue.h>
+
+typedef GElf_Addr vaddr_t;
+typedef int (*symbol_actor)(const char *name, vaddr_t addr, void *arg);
+
+/**
+ * Parse all DSO symbols/sdt notes and all for every of them
+ * an actor.
+ *
+ * @exec - path to DSO
+ * @type - see FIND_*
+ * @symbol_actor - actor to call (callback)
+ * @arg - argument for @actor
+ *
+ * @return
+ * If there have errors, return negative value;
+ * No symbols found, return 0;
+ * Otherwise return number of dso symbols found
+ */
+int
+parse_dso_symbols(const char *exec, int type, symbol_actor actor, void *arg);
+#endif
-- 
1.8.1.4

--
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@...r.kernel.org
More majordomo info at  http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at  http://www.tux.org/lkml/

Powered by blists - more mailing lists