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Date:	Mon, 7 Apr 2014 17:58:30 -0600
From:	Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@...gle.com>
To:	Liviu Dudau <Liviu.Dudau@....com>
Cc:	linux-pci <linux-pci@...r.kernel.org>,
	Catalin Marinas <Catalin.Marinas@....com>,
	Will Deacon <Will.Deacon@....com>,
	Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@...nel.crashing.org>,
	linaro-kernel <linaro-kernel@...ts.linaro.org>,
	Arnd Bergmann <arnd@...db.de>,
	LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
	"devicetree@...r.kernel.org" <devicetree@...r.kernel.org>,
	LAKML <linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org>,
	Tanmay Inamdar <tinamdar@....com>,
	Grant Likely <grant.likely@...retlab.ca>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v7 3/3] arm64: Add architecture support for PCI

On Fri, Mar 14, 2014 at 03:34:18PM +0000, Liviu Dudau wrote:
> Use the generic host bridge functions to provide support for
> PCI Express on arm64. There is no support for ISA memory.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Liviu Dudau <Liviu.Dudau@....com>
> Tested-by: Tanmay Inamdar <tinamdar@....com>
> ---
>  arch/arm64/Kconfig            |  19 +++-
>  arch/arm64/include/asm/Kbuild |   1 +
>  arch/arm64/include/asm/io.h   |   3 +-
>  arch/arm64/include/asm/pci.h  |  51 ++++++++++
>  arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile    |   1 +
>  arch/arm64/kernel/pci.c       | 173 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  6 files changed, 246 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>  create mode 100644 arch/arm64/include/asm/pci.h
>  create mode 100644 arch/arm64/kernel/pci.c
> 
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kconfig b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
> index 27bbcfc..d1c8568 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig
> +++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
> @@ -62,7 +62,7 @@ config MMU
>  	def_bool y
>  
>  config NO_IOPORT
> -	def_bool y
> +	def_bool y if !PCI
>  
>  config STACKTRACE_SUPPORT
>  	def_bool y
> @@ -134,6 +134,23 @@ menu "Bus support"
>  config ARM_AMBA
>  	bool
>  
> +config PCI
> +	bool "PCI support"
> +	help
> +	  This feature enables support for PCIe bus system. If you say Y
> +	  here, the kernel will include drivers and infrastructure code
> +	  to support PCIe bus devices.
> +
> +config PCI_DOMAINS
> +	def_bool PCI
> +
> +config PCI_SYSCALL
> +	def_bool PCI
> +
> +source "drivers/pci/Kconfig"
> +source "drivers/pci/pcie/Kconfig"
> +source "drivers/pci/hotplug/Kconfig"
> +
>  endmenu
>  
>  menu "Kernel Features"
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/Kbuild b/arch/arm64/include/asm/Kbuild
> index 71c53ec..46924bc 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/Kbuild
> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/Kbuild
> @@ -26,6 +26,7 @@ generic-y += mman.h
>  generic-y += msgbuf.h
>  generic-y += mutex.h
>  generic-y += pci.h
> +generic-y += pci-bridge.h
>  generic-y += poll.h
>  generic-y += posix_types.h
>  generic-y += resource.h
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/io.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/io.h
> index 7846a6b..67463a5 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/io.h
> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/io.h
> @@ -120,7 +120,8 @@ static inline u64 __raw_readq(const volatile void __iomem *addr)
>  /*
>   *  I/O port access primitives.
>   */
> -#define IO_SPACE_LIMIT		0xffff
> +#define arch_has_dev_port()	(1)
> +#define IO_SPACE_LIMIT		0x1ffffff
>  #define PCI_IOBASE		((void __iomem *)(MODULES_VADDR - SZ_32M))
>  
>  static inline u8 inb(unsigned long addr)
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/pci.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/pci.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..d93576f
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/pci.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,51 @@
> +#ifndef __ASM_PCI_H
> +#define __ASM_PCI_H
> +#ifdef __KERNEL__
> +
> +#include <linux/types.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include <linux/dma-mapping.h>
> +
> +#include <asm/io.h>
> +#include <asm-generic/pci-bridge.h>
> +#include <asm-generic/pci-dma-compat.h>
> +
> +#define PCIBIOS_MIN_IO		0x1000
> +#define PCIBIOS_MIN_MEM		0
> +
> +struct pci_host_bridge *find_pci_host_bridge(struct pci_bus *bus);
> +
> +/*
> + * Set to 1 if the kernel should re-assign all PCI bus numbers
> + */
> +#define pcibios_assign_all_busses() \
> +	(pci_has_flag(PCI_REASSIGN_ALL_BUS))
> +
> +/*
> + * PCI address space differs from physical memory address space
> + */
> +#define PCI_DMA_BUS_IS_PHYS	(0)
> +
> +extern int isa_dma_bridge_buggy;
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_PCI
> +static inline int pci_domain_nr(struct pci_bus *bus)
> +{
> +	struct pci_host_bridge *bridge = find_pci_host_bridge(bus);
> +
> +	if (bridge)
> +		return bridge->domain_nr;
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static inline int pci_proc_domain(struct pci_bus *bus)
> +{
> +	return 1;
> +}
> +#endif
> +
> +extern unsigned long pci_ioremap_io(const struct resource *res, phys_addr_t phys_addr);
> +
> +#endif  /* __KERNEL__ */
> +#endif  /* __ASM_PCI_H */
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile b/arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile
> index 2d4554b..64fc479 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile
> @@ -20,6 +20,7 @@ arm64-obj-$(CONFIG_HAVE_HW_BREAKPOINT)+= hw_breakpoint.o
>  arm64-obj-$(CONFIG_EARLY_PRINTK)	+= early_printk.o
>  arm64-obj-$(CONFIG_ARM64_CPU_SUSPEND)	+= sleep.o suspend.o
>  arm64-obj-$(CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL)		+= jump_label.o
> +arm64-obj-$(CONFIG_PCI)			+= pci.o
>  
>  obj-y					+= $(arm64-obj-y) vdso/
>  obj-m					+= $(arm64-obj-m)
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/pci.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/pci.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..9f29c9a
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/pci.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,173 @@
> +/*
> + * Code borrowed from powerpc/kernel/pci-common.c
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2003 Anton Blanchard <anton@...ibm.com>, IBM
> + * Copyright (C) 2014 ARM Ltd.
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
> + * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
> + * version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
> + *
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/init.h>
> +#include <linux/io.h>
> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/mm.h>
> +#include <linux/of_pci.h>
> +#include <linux/of_platform.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +
> +#include <asm/pci-bridge.h>
> +
> +struct ioresource {
> +	struct list_head list;
> +	phys_addr_t start;
> +	resource_size_t size;
> +};
> +
> +static LIST_HEAD(io_list);
> +
> +int pci_register_io_range(phys_addr_t address, resource_size_t size)
> +{
> +	struct ioresource *res;
> +	resource_size_t allocated_size = 0;
> +
> +	/* find if the range has not been already allocated */
> +	list_for_each_entry(res, &io_list, list) {
> +		if (address >= res->start &&
> +			address + size <= res->start + size)
> +			return 0;
> +		allocated_size += res->size;
> +	}
> +
> +	/* range not already registered, check for space */
> +	if (allocated_size + size > IO_SPACE_LIMIT)
> +		return -E2BIG;
> +
> +	/* add the range in the list */
> +	res = kzalloc(sizeof(*res), GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!res)
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +	res->start = address;
> +	res->size = size;
> +
> +	list_add_tail(&res->list, &io_list);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pci_register_io_range);
> +
> +unsigned long pci_address_to_pio(phys_addr_t address)
> +{
> +	struct ioresource *res;
> +
> +	list_for_each_entry(res, &io_list, list) {
> +		if (address >= res->start &&
> +			address < res->start + res->size) {
> +			return res->start - address;
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +	return (unsigned long)-1;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pci_address_to_pio);
> +
> +/*
> + * Called after each bus is probed, but before its children are examined
> + */
> +void pcibios_fixup_bus(struct pci_bus *bus)
> +{
> +	struct pci_dev *dev;
> +	struct resource *res;
> +	int i;
> +
> +	if (!pci_is_root_bus(bus)) {
> +		pci_read_bridge_bases(bus);
> +
> +		pci_bus_for_each_resource(bus, res, i) {
> +			if (!res || !res->flags || res->parent)
> +				continue;
> +
> +			/*
> +			 * If we are going to reassign everything, we can
> +			 * shrink the P2P resource to have zero size to
> +			 * save space
> +			 */
> +			if (pci_has_flag(PCI_REASSIGN_ALL_RSRC)) {
> +				res->flags |= IORESOURCE_UNSET;
> +				res->start = 0;
> +				res->end = -1;
> +				continue;
> +			}
> +		}
> +	}

Is there any other place we can put this?  I'm trying to nuke
pcibios_fixup_bus() because things like hotplug work better if we can do
them in a per-device way rather than a per-bus way.

> +
> +	list_for_each_entry(dev, &bus->devices, bus_list) {
> +		/* Ignore fully discovered devices */
> +		if (dev->is_added)
> +			continue;
> +
> +		set_dev_node(&dev->dev, pcibus_to_node(dev->bus));

Do you really need this?  pci_device_add() already contains the same line.

> +
> +		/* Read default IRQs and fixup if necessary */
> +		dev->irq = of_irq_parse_and_map_pci(dev, 0, 0);

Could this be done in pcibios_add_device() or someplace similar?

> +	}
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(pcibios_fixup_bus);
> +
> +/*
> + * We don't have to worry about legacy ISA devices, so nothing to do here
> + */
> +resource_size_t pcibios_align_resource(void *data, const struct resource *res,
> +				resource_size_t size, resource_size_t align)
> +{
> +	return res->start;
> +}
> +
> +int pcibios_enable_device(struct pci_dev *dev, int mask)
> +{
> +	return pci_enable_resources(dev, mask);
> +}

There is already a weak default implementation of pcibios_enable_device()
that does this, so you should be able to just drop this.

> +#define IO_SPACE_PAGES	((IO_SPACE_LIMIT + 1) / PAGE_SIZE)
> +static DECLARE_BITMAP(pci_iospace, IO_SPACE_PAGES);
> +
> +unsigned long pci_ioremap_io(const struct resource *res, phys_addr_t phys_addr)
> +{
> +	unsigned long start, len, virt_start;
> +	int err;
> +
> +	if (res->end > IO_SPACE_LIMIT)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * try finding free space for the whole size first,
> +	 * fall back to 64K if not available
> +	 */
> +	len = resource_size(res);
> +	start = bitmap_find_next_zero_area(pci_iospace, IO_SPACE_PAGES,
> +				res->start / PAGE_SIZE, len / PAGE_SIZE, 0);
> +	if (start == IO_SPACE_PAGES && len > SZ_64K) {
> +		len = SZ_64K;
> +		start = 0;
> +		start = bitmap_find_next_zero_area(pci_iospace, IO_SPACE_PAGES,
> +					start, len / PAGE_SIZE, 0);
> +	}
> +
> +	/* no 64K area found */
> +	if (start == IO_SPACE_PAGES)
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	/* ioremap physical aperture to virtual aperture */
> +	virt_start = start * PAGE_SIZE + (unsigned long)PCI_IOBASE;
> +	err = ioremap_page_range(virt_start, virt_start + len,
> +				phys_addr, __pgprot(PROT_DEVICE_nGnRE));
> +	if (err)
> +		return err;
> +
> +	bitmap_set(pci_iospace, start, len / PAGE_SIZE);
> +
> +	/* return io_offset */
> +	return start * PAGE_SIZE - res->start;
> +}
> -- 
> 1.9.0
> 
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