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Date:	Sat, 14 Jun 2014 14:35:50 +0200
From:	Bruno Prémont <bonbons@...ux-vserver.org>
To:	Stefan Biereigel <stefan@...reigel.de>
Cc:	linux-fbdev@...r.kernel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
	linux-console@...r.kernel.org, brian <brian.fonfara@....de>
Subject: Re: console / fbdev: fbcon support for bits_per_pixel = 1?

Hi Stefan,

On Sat, 14 June 2014 Stefan Biereigel <stefan@...reigel.de> wrote:
> CC: linux-console, linux-fbdev
> 
> Hello Kernel Developers,
> for a university assignment we are developing a frame buffer driver for a monochrome
> display. We succeeded so far in making a simple "RAM frame buffer" module, which is needed
> as the basis (we don't have read access to the RAM in the LCD).
> We are using the system-default fb_ops (fb_sys_{read,write},
> sys_{fillrect,copyarea,imageblit), and all is well when we use bits_per_pixel = 8. When we
> map a console to the RAM frame buffer (con2fbmap 1 1), do strg-alt-F1, type some
> characters there, we can then 'cat /dev/fb1' and plot the ram contents in Matlab
> (reshaping the data to be our display geometry first), where our typed characters and the
> console appear.
> 
> If we however change bits_per_pixel to 1, and divide line_length by 8 (as it should
> represent the line length in bytes), this suddenly stops working: echo and cat to fb1 work
> as intended: We change our Matlab-Script to interpret every byte as 8 pixels, bytes
> written into /dev/fb1 can be read out correctly. If we however map the console to fb1, no
> console output can be seen in RAM - it is (seemingly) filled with garbage.
> 
> We're using fbcon as the console driver, and the first frame buffer for me is intelfb. I
> see, that the bitblitting-calls for every typed character are depth 1 and have correct
> geometry, but the whole bitblitting-builtin seems not to work for bits_per_pixel = 1, i
> tried it with a simple test image after the initialisation...
> 
> Is this behavior intended or are we triggering a bug here (that no one noticed, because
> who in the world uses monochrome framebuffers these days..). I can't see any comments that
> monochrome consoles should not work with 1 bit per pixel. See the code below if you spot
> some errors (ignore some missing error handling and mediocre style for now, please).

fbcon on 1bpp frambuffer worked for me with picoLCD (though I have found no userspace
framebuffer application willing to operate at 1bpp).
Thus I allow for 1bpp or 8bpp and convert 8bpp to 1bpp for the picolcd. As for your case,
picoLCD is "write-only" monochrome LCD backed by in-RAM shadow framebuffer.

(see drivers/hid/hid-picolcd_fb.c)

Bruno

> Thank you for any help and input.
> Best regards,
> Stefan Biereigel
> 
> 8<--- testfb.c
> 
> #include <linux/init.h>
> #include <linux/module.h>
> 
> #include <linux/fb.h>
> #include <linux/slab.h>
> #include <linux/wait.h>
> #include <linux/errno.h>
> #include <linux/platform_device.h>
> 
> #define DISPLAY_WIDTH	240
> #define DISPLAY_HEIGHT	64
> #define FB_MEM_SIZE 	(DISPLAY_WIDTH * DISPLAY_HEIGHT)/8
> 
> static struct platform_device *testfb_device;
> 
> static struct fb_ops fbops = {
> 	.owner		= THIS_MODULE,
> 	.fb_fillrect	= sys_fillrect,
> 	.fb_copyarea	= sys_copyarea,
> 	.fb_imageblit	= sys_imageblit,
> 	.fb_read	= fb_sys_read,
> 	.fb_write	= fb_sys_write,
> 	.fb_sync	= NULL,
> };
> 
> static int __init testfb_probe (struct platform_device *pdev) {
> 	void *fb_mem = NULL;
> 	struct fb_info *fbinfo = NULL;
> 
> 	fb_mem = kzalloc(FB_MEM_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
> 
> 	if (!fb_mem) {
> 		pr_err("testfb: memory allocation for framebuffer failed\n");
> 		return(-ENOMEM);
> 	}
> 	else
> 		pr_debug("testfb: allocated framebuffer memory successfully\n");
> 
> 	fbinfo = framebuffer_alloc(0, &pdev->dev);
> 
> 	if (!fbinfo) {
> 		pr_err("testfb: framebuffer_alloc() failed\n");
> 		kfree(fb_mem);
> 		return(-1);
> 	}
> 	else
> 		pr_debug("testfb: framebuffer_alloc was successful\n");
> 
> 	fbinfo->fix.smem_start = (unsigned long) fb_mem;
> 	fbinfo->screen_base = (char __iomem *) fb_mem;
> 	fbinfo->fix.smem_len = FB_MEM_SIZE;
> 	fbinfo->fbops = &fbops;
> 
> 	fbinfo->node			= 0;				/* ?int */
> 	fbinfo->device			= &pdev->dev;
> 	fbinfo->flags			= FBINFO_DEFAULT;		/*  */
> 	fbinfo->var.xres		= DISPLAY_WIDTH;		/* visible resolution */
> 	fbinfo->var.yres		= DISPLAY_HEIGHT;		/* visible resolution */
> 	fbinfo->var.xres_virtual	= DISPLAY_WIDTH;		/* virtual resolution */
> 	fbinfo->var.yres_virtual	= DISPLAY_HEIGHT;		/* virtual resolution */
> 	fbinfo->var.bits_per_pixel	= 1;				/* bits per pixel */
> 	fbinfo->var.activate		= FB_ACTIVATE_NOW;		/* set values immediately (or vbl) */
> 	fbinfo->var.sync		= 0;				/* ?see FB_SYNC_* */
> 	fbinfo->var.vmode		= FB_VMODE_NONINTERLACED;	/* non interlaced, see FB_VMODE_* */
> 	fbinfo->var.left_margin 	= 0;
> 	fbinfo->var.right_margin 	= 0;
> 	fbinfo->var.upper_margin 	= 0;
> 	fbinfo->var.lower_margin 	= 0;
> 	fbinfo->var.red.offset 		= 0;
> 	fbinfo->var.red.length 		= fbinfo->var.bits_per_pixel;
> 	fbinfo->var.green 		= fbinfo->var.red;
> 	fbinfo->var.blue  		= fbinfo->var.red;
> 	fbinfo->var.grayscale		= 1;
> 	strcpy(fbinfo->fix.id, "testfb");				/* identifier, 16 byte */
> 	fbinfo->fix.type		= FB_TYPE_PACKED_PIXELS;	/* pack pixels to avoid overhead */
> 	fbinfo->fix.visual		= FB_VISUAL_MONO10;		/* Monochr. 1=Black 0=White */
> 	fbinfo->fix.line_length		= DISPLAY_WIDTH/8;		/* length of a line in bytes */
> 	fbinfo->fix.accel		= FB_ACCEL_NONE;		/* no hardware accelerator */
> 	fbinfo->fix.xpanstep 		= 0;
> 	fbinfo->fix.ypanstep		= 0;
> 	fbinfo->fix.ywrapstep 		= 0;
> 
> 	if (register_framebuffer(fbinfo) < 0) {
> 		pr_err("testfb: registering framebuffer failed\n");
> 		kfree((void *) fbinfo->fix.smem_start);
> 		framebuffer_release(fbinfo);
> 		return(-1);
> 	}
> 	else
> 		pr_debug("testfb: registered framebuffer\n");
> 
> 	platform_set_drvdata(pdev, fbinfo);
> 
> 	return 0;
> }
> 
> static int testfb_remove(struct platform_device *pdev) {
> 	struct fb_info *fbinfo = NULL;
> 
> 	fbinfo = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
> 
> 	if (!fbinfo) {
> 		pr_err("testfb: unable to get fbinfo from pdev\n");
> 		return(-1);
> 	}
> 
> 	if (unregister_framebuffer(fbinfo) < 0)
> 		pr_err("testfb: unregistering framebuffer failed\n");
> 	else
> 		pr_debug("testfb: unregistered framebuffer\n");
> 
> 	kfree((void *) fbinfo->fix.smem_start);
> 
> 	framebuffer_release(fbinfo);
> 
> 	return 0;
> }
> 
> static struct platform_driver testfb_driver = {
> 	.probe = testfb_probe,
> 	.remove = testfb_remove,
> 	.driver = {
> 		.name = "testfb",
> 	},
> };
> 
> static int __init testfb_init(void)
> {
> 	int ret;
> 
> 	ret = platform_driver_register(&testfb_driver);
> 	if (!ret) {
> 		testfb_device = platform_device_register_simple("testfb", 0,
> 								NULL, 0);
> 
> 		if (IS_ERR(testfb_device)) {
> 			platform_driver_unregister(&testfb_driver);
> 			ret = PTR_ERR(testfb_device);
> 		} else {
> 			pr_info("testfb: platform_device registered\n");
> 		}
> 
> 	}
> 
> 	pr_info("testfb: module loaded\n");
> 	
> 	return 0;
> }
> 
> static void __exit testfb_exit(void)
> {
> 	platform_device_unregister(testfb_device);
> 	platform_driver_unregister(&testfb_driver);
> 
> 	pr_info("testfb: module unloaded\n");
> }
> 
> module_init(testfb_init);
> module_exit(testfb_exit);
> 
> MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
> MODULE_ALIAS("testfb");
> MODULE_AUTHOR("Brian Fonfara");
> MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Ein Modul zum Test der Linux Framebuffer-Programmierung");
> MODULE_DESCRIPTION("version 0.1");
> --
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