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Date:	Mon, 30 Jun 2014 16:50:53 +0800
From:	"Yan, Zheng" <zheng.z.yan@...el.com>
To:	linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Cc:	a.p.zijlstra@...llo.nl, mingo@...nel.org, acme@...radead.org,
	eranian@...gle.com, andi@...stfloor.org,
	"Yan, Zheng" <zheng.z.yan@...el.com>
Subject: [PATCH V4 16/16] perf, x86: Discard zero length call entries in LBR call stack

"Zero length call" uses the attribute of the call instruction to push
the immediate instruction pointer on to the stack and then pops off
that address into a register. This is accomplished without any matching
return instruction. It confuses the hardware and make the recorded call
stack incorrect.

We can partially resolve this issue by: decode call instructions and
discard any zero length call entry in the LBR stack.

Signed-off-by: Yan, Zheng <zheng.z.yan@...el.com>
---
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel_lbr.c | 13 +++++++++++--
 1 file changed, 11 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel_lbr.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel_lbr.c
index dd14f67..20ba2ef 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel_lbr.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel_lbr.c
@@ -94,7 +94,8 @@ enum {
 	X86_BR_ABORT		= 1 << 12,/* transaction abort */
 	X86_BR_IN_TX		= 1 << 13,/* in transaction */
 	X86_BR_NO_TX		= 1 << 14,/* not in transaction */
-	X86_BR_CALL_STACK	= 1 << 15,/* call stack */
+	X86_BR_ZERO_CALL	= 1 << 15,/* zero length call */
+	X86_BR_CALL_STACK	= 1 << 16,/* call stack */
 };
 
 #define X86_BR_PLM (X86_BR_USER | X86_BR_KERNEL)
@@ -111,13 +112,15 @@ enum {
 	 X86_BR_JMP	 |\
 	 X86_BR_IRQ	 |\
 	 X86_BR_ABORT	 |\
-	 X86_BR_IND_CALL)
+	 X86_BR_IND_CALL |\
+	 X86_BR_ZERO_CALL)
 
 #define X86_BR_ALL (X86_BR_PLM | X86_BR_ANY)
 
 #define X86_BR_ANY_CALL		 \
 	(X86_BR_CALL		|\
 	 X86_BR_IND_CALL	|\
+	 X86_BR_ZERO_CALL	|\
 	 X86_BR_SYSCALL		|\
 	 X86_BR_IRQ		|\
 	 X86_BR_INT)
@@ -662,6 +665,12 @@ static int branch_type(unsigned long from, unsigned long to, int abort)
 		ret = X86_BR_INT;
 		break;
 	case 0xe8: /* call near rel */
+		insn_get_immediate(&insn);
+		if (insn.immediate1.value == 0) {
+			/* zero length call */
+			ret = X86_BR_ZERO_CALL;
+			break;
+		}
 	case 0x9a: /* call far absolute */
 		ret = X86_BR_CALL;
 		break;
-- 
1.9.0

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