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Date:	Fri,  4 Jul 2014 17:29:17 +0200
From:	Thierry Reding <thierry.reding@...il.com>
To:	Rob Herring <robh+dt@...nel.org>, Pawel Moll <pawel.moll@....com>,
	Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@....com>,
	Ian Campbell <ijc+devicetree@...lion.org.uk>,
	Kumar Gala <galak@...eaurora.org>,
	Stephen Warren <swarren@...dotorg.org>,
	Arnd Bergmann <arnd@...db.de>,
	Will Deacon <will.deacon@....com>,
	Joerg Roedel <joro@...tes.org>
Cc:	Cho KyongHo <pullip.cho@...sung.com>,
	Grant Grundler <grundler@...omium.org>,
	Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@....com>,
	Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@....com>,
	Hiroshi Doyu <hdoyu@...dia.com>,
	Olav Haugan <ohaugan@...eaurora.org>,
	Varun Sethi <varun.sethi@...escale.com>,
	devicetree@...r.kernel.org, iommu@...ts.linux-foundation.org,
	linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org, linux-tegra@...r.kernel.org,
	linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH v4] devicetree: Add generic IOMMU device tree bindings

From: Thierry Reding <treding@...dia.com>

This commit introduces a generic device tree binding for IOMMU devices.
Only a very minimal subset is described here, but it is enough to cover
the requirements of both the Exynos System MMU and Tegra SMMU as
discussed here:

    https://lkml.org/lkml/2014/4/27/346

Signed-off-by: Thierry Reding <treding@...dia.com>
---
Changes in v4:
- clarify that disabling an IOMMU DT node may not disable translation
- be more explicit that examples are only examples
- add multi-ID master example

Changes in v3:
- use #iommu-cells instead of #address-cells/#size-cells
- drop optional iommu-names property

Changes in v2:
- add notes about "dma-ranges" property (drop note from commit message)
- document priorities of "iommus" property vs. "dma-ranges" property
- drop #iommu-cells in favour of #address-cells and #size-cells
- remove multiple-master device example

 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iommu/iommu.txt | 172 ++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 172 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iommu/iommu.txt

diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iommu/iommu.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iommu/iommu.txt
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..464a81eaaf61
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iommu/iommu.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,172 @@
+This document describes the generic device tree binding for IOMMUs and their
+master(s).
+
+
+IOMMU device node:
+==================
+
+An IOMMU can provide the following services:
+
+* Remap address space to allow devices to access physical memory ranges that
+  they otherwise wouldn't be capable of accessing.
+
+  Example: 32-bit DMA to 64-bit physical addresses
+
+* Implement scatter-gather at page level granularity so that the device does
+  not have to.
+
+* Provide system protection against "rogue" DMA by forcing all accesses to go
+  through the IOMMU and faulting when encountering accesses to unmapped
+  address regions.
+
+* Provide address space isolation between multiple contexts.
+
+  Example: Virtualization
+
+Device nodes compatible with this binding represent hardware with some of the
+above capabilities.
+
+IOMMUs can be single-master or multiple-master. Single-master IOMMU devices
+typically have a fixed association to the master device, whereas multiple-
+master IOMMU devices can translate accesses from more than one master.
+
+The device tree node of the IOMMU device's parent bus must contain a valid
+"dma-ranges" property that describes how the physical address space of the
+IOMMU maps to memory. An empty "dma-ranges" property means that there is a
+1:1 mapping from IOMMU to memory.
+
+Required properties:
+--------------------
+- #iommu-cells: The number of cells in an IOMMU specifier needed to encode an
+  address.
+
+The meaning of the IOMMU specifier is defined by the device tree binding of
+the specific IOMMU. Below are a few examples of typical use-cases:
+
+- #iommu-cells = <0>: Single master IOMMU devices are not configurable and
+  therefore no additional information needs to be encoded in the specifier.
+  This may also apply to multiple master IOMMU devices that do not allow the
+  association of masters to be configured. Note that an IOMMU can by design
+  be multi-master yet only expose a single master in a given configuration.
+  In such cases the number of cells will usually be 1 as in the next case.
+- #iommu-cells = <1>: Multiple master IOMMU devices may need to be configured
+  in order to enable translation for a given master. In such cases the single
+  address cell corresponds to the master device's ID. In some cases more than
+  one cell can be required to represent a single master ID.
+- #iommu-cells = <4>: Some IOMMU devices allow the DMA window for masters to
+  be configured. The first cell of the address in this may contain the master
+  device's ID for example, while the second cell could contain the start of
+  the DMA window for the given device. The length of the DMA window is given
+  by the third and fourth cells.
+
+Note that these are merely examples and real-world use-cases may use different
+definitions to represent their individual needs. Always refer to the specific
+IOMMU binding for the exact meaning of the cells that make up the specifier.
+
+
+IOMMU master node:
+==================
+
+Devices that access memory through an IOMMU are called masters. A device can
+have multiple master interfaces (to one or more IOMMU devices).
+
+Required properties:
+--------------------
+- iommus: A list of phandle and IOMMU specifier pairs that describe the IOMMU
+  master interfaces of the device. One entry in the list describes one master
+  interface of the device.
+
+When an "iommus" property is specified in a device tree node, the IOMMU will
+be used for address translation. If a "dma-ranges" property exists in the
+device's parent node it will be ignored. An exception to this rule is if the
+referenced IOMMU is disabled, in which case the "dma-ranges" property of the
+parent shall take effect. Note that merely disabling a device tree node does
+not guarantee that the IOMMU is really disabled since the hardware may not
+have a means to turn off translation.
+
+
+Notes:
+======
+
+One possible extension to the above is to use an "iommus" property along with
+a "dma-ranges" property in a bus device node (such as PCI host bridges). This
+can be useful to describe how children on the bus relate to the IOMMU if they
+are not explicitly listed in the device tree (e.g. PCI devices). However, the
+requirements of that use-case haven't been fully determined yet. Implementing
+this is therefore not recommended without further discussion and extension of
+this binding.
+
+
+Examples:
+=========
+
+Single-master IOMMU:
+--------------------
+
+	iommu {
+		#iommu-cells = <0>;
+	};
+
+	master {
+		iommus = <&/iommu>;
+	};
+
+Multiple-master IOMMU with fixed associations:
+----------------------------------------------
+
+	/* multiple-master IOMMU */
+	iommu {
+		/*
+		 * Masters are statically associated with this IOMMU and
+		 * address translation is always enabled.
+		 */
+		#iommu-cells = <0>;
+	};
+
+	/* static association with IOMMU */
+	master@1 {
+		reg = <1>;
+		iommus = <&/iommu>;
+	};
+
+	/* static association with IOMMU */
+	master@2 {
+		reg = <2>;
+		iommus = <&/iommu>;
+	};
+
+Multiple-master IOMMU:
+----------------------
+
+	iommu {
+		/* the specifier represents the ID of the master */
+		#iommu-cells = <1>;
+	};
+
+	master@1 {
+		/* device has master ID 42 in the IOMMU */
+		iommus = <&/iommu 42>;
+	};
+
+	master@2 {
+		/* device has master IDs 23 and 24 in the IOMMU */
+		iommus = <&/iommu 23>, <&/iommu 24>;
+	};
+
+Multiple-master IOMMU with configurable DMA window:
+---------------------------------------------------
+
+	/ {
+		#address-cells = <1>;
+		#size-cells = <1>;
+
+		iommu {
+			/* master ID, address and length of DMA window */
+			#iommu-cells = <4>;
+		};
+
+		master {
+			/* master ID 42, 4 GiB DMA window starting at 0 */
+			iommus = <&/iommu  42  0  0x1 0x0>;
+		};
+	};
-- 
2.0.1

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