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Date:	Sat, 5 Jul 2014 18:43:21 -0400
From:	Tejun Heo <>
To:	Jens Axboe <>
	Shirish Pargaonkar <>,
	Sasha Levin <>,
	Jet Chen <>
Subject: [PATCH block/for-linus] blkcg: don't call into policy draining if
 root_blkg is already gone

While a queue is being destroyed, all the blkgs are destroyed and its
->root_blkg pointer is set to NULL.  If someone else starts to drain
while the queue is in this state, the following oops happens.

  NULL pointer dereference at 0000000000000028
  IP: [<ffffffff8144e944>] blk_throtl_drain+0x84/0x230
  PGD e4a1067 PUD b773067 PMD 0
  Modules linked in: cfq_iosched(-) [last unloaded: cfq_iosched]
  CPU: 1 PID: 537 Comm: bash Not tainted 3.16.0-rc3-work+ #2
  Hardware name: Bochs Bochs, BIOS Bochs 01/01/2011
  task: ffff88000e222250 ti: ffff88000efd4000 task.ti: ffff88000efd4000
  RIP: 0010:[<ffffffff8144e944>]  [<ffffffff8144e944>] blk_throtl_drain+0x84/0x230
  RSP: 0018:ffff88000efd7bf0  EFLAGS: 00010046
  RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: ffff880015091450 RCX: 0000000000000001
  RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 0000000000000000 RDI: 0000000000000000
  RBP: ffff88000efd7c10 R08: 0000000000000000 R09: 0000000000000001
  R10: ffff88000e222250 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: ffff880015091450
  R13: ffff880015092e00 R14: ffff880015091d70 R15: ffff88001508fc28
  FS:  00007f1332650740(0000) GS:ffff88001fa80000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
  CS:  0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 000000008005003b
  CR2: 0000000000000028 CR3: 0000000009446000 CR4: 00000000000006e0
   ffffffff8144e8f6 ffff880015091450 0000000000000000 ffff880015091d80
   ffff88000efd7c28 ffffffff8144ae2f ffff880015091450 ffff88000efd7c58
   ffffffff81427641 ffff880015091450 ffffffff82401f00 ffff880015091450
  Call Trace:
   [<ffffffff8144ae2f>] blkcg_drain_queue+0x1f/0x60
   [<ffffffff81427641>] __blk_drain_queue+0x71/0x180
   [<ffffffff81429b3e>] blk_queue_bypass_start+0x6e/0xb0
   [<ffffffff814498b8>] blkcg_deactivate_policy+0x38/0x120
   [<ffffffff8144ec44>] blk_throtl_exit+0x34/0x50
   [<ffffffff8144aea5>] blkcg_exit_queue+0x35/0x40
   [<ffffffff8142d476>] blk_release_queue+0x26/0xd0
   [<ffffffff81454968>] kobject_cleanup+0x38/0x70
   [<ffffffff81454848>] kobject_put+0x28/0x60
   [<ffffffff81427505>] blk_put_queue+0x15/0x20
   [<ffffffff817d07bb>] scsi_device_dev_release_usercontext+0x16b/0x1c0
   [<ffffffff810bc339>] execute_in_process_context+0x89/0xa0
   [<ffffffff817d064c>] scsi_device_dev_release+0x1c/0x20
   [<ffffffff817930e2>] device_release+0x32/0xa0
   [<ffffffff81454968>] kobject_cleanup+0x38/0x70
   [<ffffffff81454848>] kobject_put+0x28/0x60
   [<ffffffff817934d7>] put_device+0x17/0x20
   [<ffffffff817d11b9>] __scsi_remove_device+0xa9/0xe0
   [<ffffffff817d121b>] scsi_remove_device+0x2b/0x40
   [<ffffffff817d1257>] sdev_store_delete+0x27/0x30
   [<ffffffff81792ca8>] dev_attr_store+0x18/0x30
   [<ffffffff8126f75e>] sysfs_kf_write+0x3e/0x50
   [<ffffffff8126ea87>] kernfs_fop_write+0xe7/0x170
   [<ffffffff811f5e9f>] vfs_write+0xaf/0x1d0
   [<ffffffff811f69bd>] SyS_write+0x4d/0xc0
   [<ffffffff81d24692>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b

776687bce42b ("block, blk-mq: draining can't be skipped even if
bypass_depth was non-zero") made it easier to trigger this bug by
making blk_queue_bypass_start() drain even when it loses the first
bypass test to blk_cleanup_queue(); however, the bug has always been
there even before the commit as blk_queue_bypass_start() could race
against queue destruction, win the initial bypass test but perform the
actual draining after blk_cleanup_queue() already destroyed all blkgs.

Fix it by skippping calling into policy draining if all the blkgs are
already gone.

Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <>
Reported-by: Shirish Pargaonkar <>
Reported-by: Sasha Levin <>
Reported-by: Jet Chen <>
 block/blk-cgroup.c |    7 +++++++
 1 file changed, 7 insertions(+)

diff --git a/block/blk-cgroup.c b/block/blk-cgroup.c
index b9f4cc4..28d227c 100644
--- a/block/blk-cgroup.c
+++ b/block/blk-cgroup.c
@@ -872,6 +872,13 @@ void blkcg_drain_queue(struct request_queue *q)
+	/*
+	 * @q could be exiting and already have destroyed all blkgs as
+	 * indicated by NULL root_blkg.  If so, don't confuse policies.
+	 */
+	if (!q->root_blkg)
+		return;
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