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Date:	Mon,  7 Jul 2014 11:10:06 +0800
From:	Lv Zheng <lv.zheng@...el.com>
To:	"Rafael J. Wysocki" <rafael.j.wysocki@...el.com>,
	Len Brown <len.brown@...el.com>
Cc:	Lv Zheng <lv.zheng@...el.com>, Lv Zheng <zetalog@...il.com>,
	<linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>, linux-acpi@...r.kernel.org
Subject: [UPDATE PATCH v2 2/6] ACPI/EC: Add asynchronous command byte write support.

This patch moves the first command byte write into advance_transaction() so
that all EC register accesses that can affect the command processing state
machine can happen in this asynchronous state machine advancement function.

The advance_transaction() function then can be a complete implementation
of an asyncrhonous transaction for a single command so that:
1. The first command byte can be written in the interrupt context;
2. The command completion waiter can also be used to wait the first command
   byte's timeout;
3. In BURST mode, the follow-up command bytes can be written in the
   interrupt context directly, so that it doesn't need to return to the
   task context. Returning to the task context reduces the throughput of
   the BURST mode and in the worst cases where the system workload is very
   high, this leads to the hardware driven automatic BURST mode exit.

In order not to increase memory consumptions, this patch converts 'done'
into 'flags' to contain multiple indications:
1. ACPI_EC_COMMAND_COMPLETE: converting from original 'done' condition,
   indicating the completion of the command transaction.
2. ACPI_EC_COMMAND_POLL: indicating the availability of writing the first
   command byte. A new command can utilize this flag to compete for the
   right of accessing the underlying hardware. There is a follow-up bug
   fix that has utilized this new flag.

The 2 flags are important because it also reflects a key concept of IO
programs' design used in the system softwares. Normally an IO program
running in the kernel should first be implemented in the asynchronous way.
And the 2 flags are the most common way to implement its synchronous
operations on top of the asynchronous operations:
1. POLL: This flag can be used to block until the asynchronous operations
         can happen.
2. COMPLETE: This flag can be used to block until the asynchronous
             operations have completed.
By constructing code cleanly in this way, many difficult problems can be
solved smoothly.

[zetalog: changelog updated]
Reference: https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=70891
Reference: https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=63931
Reference: https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=59911
Signed-off-by: Lv Zheng <lv.zheng@...el.com>
Reported-and-tested-by: Gareth Williams <gareth@...ethwilliams.me.uk>
Reported-and-tested-by: Hans de Goede <jwrdegoede@...oraproject.org>
Reported-by: Barton Xu <tank.xuhan@...il.com>
Tested-by: Arthur Chen <axchen@...dia.com>
Tested-by: Steffen Weber <steffen.weber@...il.com>
[zetalog: first affected by:]
Cc: <stable@...r.kernel.org> # 2.6.11: 7c6db4e0: ACPI: EC: do transaction from interrupt context
[zetalog: cleanly applying to:]
Cc: <stable@...r.kernel.org> # 3.14.x: 42b946bb: ACPI / EC: disable GPE before removing GPE handler
---
 drivers/acpi/ec.c |   83 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------------------
 1 file changed, 48 insertions(+), 35 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/acpi/ec.c b/drivers/acpi/ec.c
index 762b4cc..f09386e 100644
--- a/drivers/acpi/ec.c
+++ b/drivers/acpi/ec.c
@@ -78,6 +78,9 @@ enum {
 	EC_FLAGS_BLOCKED,		/* Transactions are blocked */
 };
 
+#define ACPI_EC_COMMAND_POLL		0x01 /* Available for command byte */
+#define ACPI_EC_COMMAND_COMPLETE	0x02 /* Completed last byte */
+
 /* ec.c is compiled in acpi namespace so this shows up as acpi.ec_delay param */
 static unsigned int ec_delay __read_mostly = ACPI_EC_DELAY;
 module_param(ec_delay, uint, 0644);
@@ -109,7 +112,7 @@ struct transaction {
 	u8 ri;
 	u8 wlen;
 	u8 rlen;
-	bool done;
+	u8 flags;
 };
 
 struct acpi_ec *boot_ec, *first_ec;
@@ -150,63 +153,68 @@ static inline void acpi_ec_write_data(struct acpi_ec *ec, u8 data)
 	outb(data, ec->data_addr);
 }
 
-static int ec_transaction_done(struct acpi_ec *ec)
+static int ec_transaction_completed(struct acpi_ec *ec)
 {
 	unsigned long flags;
 	int ret = 0;
 	spin_lock_irqsave(&ec->lock, flags);
-	if (!ec->curr || ec->curr->done)
+	if (!ec->curr || (ec->curr->flags & ACPI_EC_COMMAND_COMPLETE))
 		ret = 1;
 	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ec->lock, flags);
 	return ret;
 }
 
-static void start_transaction(struct acpi_ec *ec)
-{
-	ec->curr->irq_count = ec->curr->wi = ec->curr->ri = 0;
-	ec->curr->done = false;
-	acpi_ec_write_cmd(ec, ec->curr->command);
-}
-
 static void advance_transaction(struct acpi_ec *ec)
 {
-	unsigned long flags;
 	struct transaction *t;
 	u8 status;
 
-	spin_lock_irqsave(&ec->lock, flags);
 	pr_debug("===== %s =====\n", in_interrupt() ? "IRQ" : "TASK");
 	status = acpi_ec_read_status(ec);
 	t = ec->curr;
 	if (!t)
-		goto unlock;
-	if (t->wlen > t->wi) {
-		if ((status & ACPI_EC_FLAG_IBF) == 0)
-			acpi_ec_write_data(ec,
-				t->wdata[t->wi++]);
-		else
-			goto err;
-	} else if (t->rlen > t->ri) {
-		if ((status & ACPI_EC_FLAG_OBF) == 1) {
-			t->rdata[t->ri++] = acpi_ec_read_data(ec);
-			if (t->rlen == t->ri)
-				t->done = true;
+		goto err;
+	if (t->flags & ACPI_EC_COMMAND_POLL) {
+		if (t->wlen > t->wi) {
+			if ((status & ACPI_EC_FLAG_IBF) == 0)
+				acpi_ec_write_data(ec, t->wdata[t->wi++]);
+			else
+				goto err;
+		} else if (t->rlen > t->ri) {
+			if ((status & ACPI_EC_FLAG_OBF) == 1) {
+				t->rdata[t->ri++] = acpi_ec_read_data(ec);
+				if (t->rlen == t->ri)
+					t->flags |= ACPI_EC_COMMAND_COMPLETE;
+			} else
+				goto err;
+		} else if (t->wlen == t->wi &&
+			   (status & ACPI_EC_FLAG_IBF) == 0)
+			t->flags |= ACPI_EC_COMMAND_COMPLETE;
+		return;
+	} else {
+		if ((status & ACPI_EC_FLAG_IBF) == 0) {
+			acpi_ec_write_cmd(ec, t->command);
+			t->flags |= ACPI_EC_COMMAND_POLL;
 		} else
 			goto err;
-	} else if (t->wlen == t->wi &&
-		   (status & ACPI_EC_FLAG_IBF) == 0)
-		t->done = true;
-	goto unlock;
+		return;
+	}
 err:
 	/*
 	 * If SCI bit is set, then don't think it's a false IRQ
 	 * otherwise will take a not handled IRQ as a false one.
 	 */
-	if (in_interrupt() && !(status & ACPI_EC_FLAG_SCI))
-		++t->irq_count;
+	if (!(status & ACPI_EC_FLAG_SCI)) {
+		if (in_interrupt() && t)
+			++t->irq_count;
+	}
+}
 
-unlock:
-	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ec->lock, flags);
+static void start_transaction(struct acpi_ec *ec)
+{
+	ec->curr->irq_count = ec->curr->wi = ec->curr->ri = 0;
+	ec->curr->flags = 0;
+	advance_transaction(ec);
 }
 
 static int acpi_ec_sync_query(struct acpi_ec *ec, u8 *data);
@@ -231,15 +239,17 @@ static int ec_poll(struct acpi_ec *ec)
 			/* don't sleep with disabled interrupts */
 			if (EC_FLAGS_MSI || irqs_disabled()) {
 				udelay(ACPI_EC_MSI_UDELAY);
-				if (ec_transaction_done(ec))
+				if (ec_transaction_completed(ec))
 					return 0;
 			} else {
 				if (wait_event_timeout(ec->wait,
-						ec_transaction_done(ec),
+						ec_transaction_completed(ec),
 						msecs_to_jiffies(1)))
 					return 0;
 			}
+			spin_lock_irqsave(&ec->lock, flags);
 			advance_transaction(ec);
+			spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ec->lock, flags);
 		} while (time_before(jiffies, delay));
 		pr_debug("controller reset, restart transaction\n");
 		spin_lock_irqsave(&ec->lock, flags);
@@ -637,10 +647,13 @@ static int ec_check_sci(struct acpi_ec *ec, u8 state)
 static u32 acpi_ec_gpe_handler(acpi_handle gpe_device,
 	u32 gpe_number, void *data)
 {
+	unsigned long flags;
 	struct acpi_ec *ec = data;
 
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&ec->lock, flags);
 	advance_transaction(ec);
-	if (ec_transaction_done(ec) &&
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ec->lock, flags);
+	if (ec_transaction_completed(ec) &&
 	    (acpi_ec_read_status(ec) & ACPI_EC_FLAG_IBF) == 0) {
 		wake_up(&ec->wait);
 		ec_check_sci(ec, acpi_ec_read_status(ec));
-- 
1.7.10

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