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Date:	Mon, 14 Jul 2014 15:57:09 +0800
From:	Tang Chen <tangchen@...fujitsu.com>
To:	Gleb Natapov <gleb@...nel.org>
CC:	<mtosatti@...hat.com>, <nadav.amit@...il.com>,
	<kvm@...r.kernel.org>, <laijs@...fujitsu.com>,
	<isimatu.yasuaki@...fujitsu.com>, <guz.fnst@...fujitsu.com>,
	<linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>, Tang Chen <tangchen@...fujitsu.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 5/5] kvm, mem-hotplug: Do not pin apic access page
 in memory.

Hi Gleb,

Thanks for the reply. Please see below.

On 07/12/2014 04:04 PM, Gleb Natapov wrote:
> On Tue, Jul 08, 2014 at 09:01:32PM +0800, Tang Chen wrote:
>> apic access page is pinned in memory. As a result, it cannot be migrated/hot-removed.
>> Actually, it is not necessary to be pinned.
>>
>> The hpa of apic access page is stored in VMCS APIC_ACCESS_ADDR pointer. When
>> the page is migrated, kvm_mmu_notifier_invalidate_page() will invalidate the
>> corresponding ept entry. This patch introduces a new vcpu request named
>> KVM_REQ_APIC_PAGE_RELOAD, and makes this request to all the vcpus at this time,
>> and force all the vcpus exit guest, and re-enter guest till they updates the VMCS
>> APIC_ACCESS_ADDR pointer to the new apic access page address, and updates
>> kvm->arch.apic_access_page to the new page.
>>
> By default kvm Linux guest uses x2apic, so APIC_ACCESS_ADDR mechanism
> is not used since no MMIO access to APIC is ever done. Have you tested
> this with "-cpu modelname,-x2apic" qemu flag?

I used the following commandline to test the patches.

# /usr/libexec/qemu-kvm -m 512M -hda /home/tangchen/xxx.img -enable-kvm 
-smp 2

And I think the guest used APIC_ACCESS_ADDR mechanism because the previous
patch-set has some problem which will happen when the apic page is accessed.
And it did happen.

I'll test this patch-set with "-cpu modelname,-x2apic" flag.

>
>> Signed-off-by: Tang Chen<tangchen@...fujitsu.com>
>> ---
>>   arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h |  1 +
>>   arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c              | 11 +++++++++++
>>   arch/x86/kvm/svm.c              |  6 ++++++
>>   arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c              |  8 +++++++-
>>   arch/x86/kvm/x86.c              | 14 ++++++++++++++
>>   include/linux/kvm_host.h        |  2 ++
>>   virt/kvm/kvm_main.c             | 12 ++++++++++++
>>   7 files changed, 53 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
>> index 62f973e..9ce6bfd 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
>> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
>> @@ -737,6 +737,7 @@ struct kvm_x86_ops {
>>   	void (*hwapic_isr_update)(struct kvm *kvm, int isr);
>>   	void (*load_eoi_exitmap)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 *eoi_exit_bitmap);
>>   	void (*set_virtual_x2apic_mode)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, bool set);
>> +	void (*set_apic_access_page_addr)(struct kvm *kvm, hpa_t hpa);
>>   	void (*deliver_posted_interrupt)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int vector);
>>   	void (*sync_pir_to_irr)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
>>   	int (*set_tss_addr)(struct kvm *kvm, unsigned int addr);
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
>> index 9314678..551693d 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
>> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
>> @@ -3427,6 +3427,17 @@ static int tdp_page_fault(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t gpa, u32 error_code,
>>   			 level, gfn, pfn, prefault);
>>   	spin_unlock(&vcpu->kvm->mmu_lock);
>>
>> +	/*
>> +	 * apic access page could be migrated. When the guest tries to access
>> +	 * the apic access page, ept violation will occur, and we can use GUP
>> +	 * to find the new page.
>> +	 *
>> +	 * GUP will wait till the migrate entry be replaced with the new page.
>> +	 */
>> +	if (gpa == APIC_DEFAULT_PHYS_BASE)
>> +		vcpu->kvm->arch.apic_access_page = gfn_to_page_no_pin(vcpu->kvm,
>> +					APIC_DEFAULT_PHYS_BASE>>  PAGE_SHIFT);
> Shouldn't you make KVM_REQ_APIC_PAGE_RELOAD request here?

I don't think we need to make KVM_REQ_APIC_PAGE_RELOAD request here.

In kvm_mmu_notifier_invalidate_page() I made the request. And the 
handler called
gfn_to_page_no_pin() to get the new page, which will wait till the 
migration
finished. And then updated the VMCS APIC_ACCESS_ADDR pointer. So, when 
the vcpus
were forced to exit the guest mode, they would wait till the VMCS 
APIC_ACCESS_ADDR
pointer was updated.

As a result, we don't need to make the request here.


>
>> +
>>   	return r;
>>
>>   out_unlock:
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/svm.c b/arch/x86/kvm/svm.c
>> index 576b525..dc76f29 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/svm.c
>> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/svm.c
>> @@ -3612,6 +3612,11 @@ static void svm_set_virtual_x2apic_mode(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, bool set)
>>   	return;
>>   }
>>
>> +static void svm_set_apic_access_page_addr(struct kvm *kvm, hpa_t hpa)
>> +{
>> +	return;
>> +}
>> +
>>   static int svm_vm_has_apicv(struct kvm *kvm)
>>   {
>>   	return 0;
>> @@ -4365,6 +4370,7 @@ static struct kvm_x86_ops svm_x86_ops = {
>>   	.enable_irq_window = enable_irq_window,
>>   	.update_cr8_intercept = update_cr8_intercept,
>>   	.set_virtual_x2apic_mode = svm_set_virtual_x2apic_mode,
>> +	.set_apic_access_page_addr = svm_set_apic_access_page_addr,
>>   	.vm_has_apicv = svm_vm_has_apicv,
>>   	.load_eoi_exitmap = svm_load_eoi_exitmap,
>>   	.hwapic_isr_update = svm_hwapic_isr_update,
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
>> index 5532ac8..f7c6313 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
>> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
>> @@ -3992,7 +3992,7 @@ static int alloc_apic_access_page(struct kvm *kvm)
>>   	if (r)
>>   		goto out;
>>
>> -	page = gfn_to_page(kvm, APIC_DEFAULT_PHYS_BASE>>  PAGE_SHIFT);
>> +	page = gfn_to_page_no_pin(kvm, APIC_DEFAULT_PHYS_BASE>>  PAGE_SHIFT);
>>   	if (is_error_page(page)) {
>>   		r = -EFAULT;
>>   		goto out;
>> @@ -7073,6 +7073,11 @@ static void vmx_set_virtual_x2apic_mode(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, bool set)
>>   	vmx_set_msr_bitmap(vcpu);
>>   }
>>
>> +static void vmx_set_apic_access_page_addr(struct kvm *kvm, hpa_t hpa)
>> +{
>> +	vmcs_write64(APIC_ACCESS_ADDR, hpa);
>> +}
>> +
>>   static void vmx_hwapic_isr_update(struct kvm *kvm, int isr)
>>   {
>>   	u16 status;
>> @@ -8842,6 +8847,7 @@ static struct kvm_x86_ops vmx_x86_ops = {
>>   	.enable_irq_window = enable_irq_window,
>>   	.update_cr8_intercept = update_cr8_intercept,
>>   	.set_virtual_x2apic_mode = vmx_set_virtual_x2apic_mode,
>> +	.set_apic_access_page_addr = vmx_set_apic_access_page_addr,
>>   	.vm_has_apicv = vmx_vm_has_apicv,
>>   	.load_eoi_exitmap = vmx_load_eoi_exitmap,
>>   	.hwapic_irr_update = vmx_hwapic_irr_update,
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
>> index ffbe557..7080eda 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
>> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
>> @@ -5929,6 +5929,18 @@ static void vcpu_scan_ioapic(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>>   	kvm_apic_update_tmr(vcpu, tmr);
>>   }
>>
>> +static void vcpu_reload_apic_access_page(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>> +{
>> +	/*
>> +	 * When the page is being migrated, GUP will wait till the migrate
>> +	 * entry is replaced with the new pte entry pointing to the new page.
>> +	 */
>> +	struct page *page = gfn_to_page_no_pin(vcpu->kvm,
>> +					APIC_DEFAULT_PHYS_BASE>>  PAGE_SHIFT);
> If you do not use kvm->arch.apic_access_page to get current address why not drop it entirely?
>

I should also update kvm->arch.apic_access_page here. It is used in 
other places
in kvm, so I don't think we should drop it. Will update the patch.

>> +	kvm_x86_ops->set_apic_access_page_addr(vcpu->kvm,
>> +					       page_to_phys(page));
>> +}
>> +
>>   /*
>>    * Returns 1 to let __vcpu_run() continue the guest execution loop without
>>    * exiting to the userspace.  Otherwise, the value will be returned to the
>> @@ -5989,6 +6001,8 @@ static int vcpu_enter_guest(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>>   			kvm_deliver_pmi(vcpu);
>>   		if (kvm_check_request(KVM_REQ_SCAN_IOAPIC, vcpu))
>>   			vcpu_scan_ioapic(vcpu);
>> +		if (kvm_check_request(KVM_REQ_APIC_PAGE_RELOAD, vcpu))
>> +			vcpu_reload_apic_access_page(vcpu);
>>   	}
>>
>>   	if (kvm_check_request(KVM_REQ_EVENT, vcpu) || req_int_win) {
>> diff --git a/include/linux/kvm_host.h b/include/linux/kvm_host.h
>> index 7c58d9d..f49be86 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/kvm_host.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/kvm_host.h
>> @@ -136,6 +136,7 @@ static inline bool is_error_page(struct page *page)
>>   #define KVM_REQ_GLOBAL_CLOCK_UPDATE 22
>>   #define KVM_REQ_ENABLE_IBS        23
>>   #define KVM_REQ_DISABLE_IBS       24
>> +#define KVM_REQ_APIC_PAGE_RELOAD  25
>>
>>   #define KVM_USERSPACE_IRQ_SOURCE_ID		0
>>   #define KVM_IRQFD_RESAMPLE_IRQ_SOURCE_ID	1
>> @@ -596,6 +597,7 @@ void kvm_flush_remote_tlbs(struct kvm *kvm);
>>   void kvm_reload_remote_mmus(struct kvm *kvm);
>>   void kvm_make_mclock_inprogress_request(struct kvm *kvm);
>>   void kvm_make_scan_ioapic_request(struct kvm *kvm);
>> +void kvm_reload_apic_access_page(struct kvm *kvm);
>>
>>   long kvm_arch_dev_ioctl(struct file *filp,
>>   			unsigned int ioctl, unsigned long arg);
>> diff --git a/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c b/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
>> index 6091849..965b702 100644
>> --- a/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
>> +++ b/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
>> @@ -210,6 +210,11 @@ void kvm_make_scan_ioapic_request(struct kvm *kvm)
>>   	make_all_cpus_request(kvm, KVM_REQ_SCAN_IOAPIC);
>>   }
>>
>> +void kvm_reload_apic_access_page(struct kvm *kvm)
>> +{
>> +	make_all_cpus_request(kvm, KVM_REQ_APIC_PAGE_RELOAD);
>> +}
>> +
>>   int kvm_vcpu_init(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm *kvm, unsigned id)
>>   {
>>   	struct page *page;
>> @@ -294,6 +299,13 @@ static void kvm_mmu_notifier_invalidate_page(struct mmu_notifier *mn,
>>   	if (need_tlb_flush)
>>   		kvm_flush_remote_tlbs(kvm);
>>
>> +	/*
>> +	 * The physical address of apic access page is stroed in VMCS.
>> +	 * So need to update it when it becomes invalid.
>> +	 */
>> +	if (address == gfn_to_hva(kvm, APIC_DEFAULT_PHYS_BASE>>  PAGE_SHIFT))
>> +		kvm_reload_apic_access_page(kvm);
>> +
>>   	spin_unlock(&kvm->mmu_lock);
>>   	srcu_read_unlock(&kvm->srcu, idx);
>>   }
>
> You forgot to drop put_page(kvm->arch.apic_access_page); from x86.c again.
>

Yes...will update the patch.

Thanks.

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