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Date:	Mon, 14 Jul 2014 12:18:52 -0400
From:	Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@...cle.com>
To:	gregkh@...uxfoundation.org, xen-devel@...ts.xenproject.org,
	linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, boris.ostrovsky@...cle.com,
	david.vrabel@...rix.com
Cc:	Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@...cle.com>,
	stable@...r.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH v5 2/6] xen/pciback: Don't deadlock when unbinding.

As commit 0a9fd0152929db372ff61b0d6c280fdd34ae8bdb
'xen/pciback: Document the entry points for 'pcistub_put_pci_dev''
explained there are four entry points in this function.
Two of them are when the user fiddles in the SysFS to
unbind a device which might be in use by a guest or not.

Both 'unbind' states will cause a deadlock as the the PCI lock has
already been taken, which then pci_device_reset tries to take.

We can simplify this by requiring that all callers of
pcistub_put_pci_dev MUST hold the device lock. And then
we can just call the lockless version of pci_device_reset.

To make it even simpler we will modify xen_pcibk_release_pci_dev
to quality whether it should take a lock or not - as it ends
up calling xen_pcibk_release_pci_dev and needs to hold the lock.

CC: stable@...r.kernel.org
Reviewed-by: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@...cle.com>
Signed-off-by: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@...cle.com>
---
[v2: Per David Vrabel's suggestion - use lockless version of reset]
[v3: Per Boris suggestion add assertion mechanism]
---
 drivers/xen/xen-pciback/passthrough.c | 14 +++++++++++---
 drivers/xen/xen-pciback/pci_stub.c    | 12 ++++++------
 drivers/xen/xen-pciback/pciback.h     |  7 ++++---
 drivers/xen/xen-pciback/vpci.c        | 14 +++++++++++---
 drivers/xen/xen-pciback/xenbus.c      |  2 +-
 5 files changed, 33 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/xen/xen-pciback/passthrough.c b/drivers/xen/xen-pciback/passthrough.c
index 828dddc..f16a30e 100644
--- a/drivers/xen/xen-pciback/passthrough.c
+++ b/drivers/xen/xen-pciback/passthrough.c
@@ -69,7 +69,7 @@ static int __xen_pcibk_add_pci_dev(struct xen_pcibk_device *pdev,
 }
 
 static void __xen_pcibk_release_pci_dev(struct xen_pcibk_device *pdev,
-					struct pci_dev *dev)
+					struct pci_dev *dev, bool lock)
 {
 	struct passthrough_dev_data *dev_data = pdev->pci_dev_data;
 	struct pci_dev_entry *dev_entry, *t;
@@ -87,8 +87,13 @@ static void __xen_pcibk_release_pci_dev(struct xen_pcibk_device *pdev,
 
 	mutex_unlock(&dev_data->lock);
 
-	if (found_dev)
+	if (found_dev) {
+		if (lock)
+			device_lock(&found_dev->dev);
 		pcistub_put_pci_dev(found_dev);
+		if (lock)
+			device_unlock(&found_dev->dev);
+	}
 }
 
 static int __xen_pcibk_init_devices(struct xen_pcibk_device *pdev)
@@ -156,8 +161,11 @@ static void __xen_pcibk_release_devices(struct xen_pcibk_device *pdev)
 	struct pci_dev_entry *dev_entry, *t;
 
 	list_for_each_entry_safe(dev_entry, t, &dev_data->dev_list, list) {
+		struct pci_dev *dev = dev_entry->dev;
 		list_del(&dev_entry->list);
-		pcistub_put_pci_dev(dev_entry->dev);
+		device_lock(&dev->dev);
+		pcistub_put_pci_dev(dev);
+		device_unlock(&dev->dev);
 		kfree(dev_entry);
 	}
 
diff --git a/drivers/xen/xen-pciback/pci_stub.c b/drivers/xen/xen-pciback/pci_stub.c
index d57a173..d4cae5b 100644
--- a/drivers/xen/xen-pciback/pci_stub.c
+++ b/drivers/xen/xen-pciback/pci_stub.c
@@ -250,6 +250,8 @@ struct pci_dev *pcistub_get_pci_dev(struct xen_pcibk_device *pdev,
  *  - 'echo BDF > unbind' with a guest still using it. See pcistub_remove
  *
  *  As such we have to be careful.
+ *
+ *  To make this easier, the caller has to hold the device lock.
  */
 void pcistub_put_pci_dev(struct pci_dev *dev)
 {
@@ -276,11 +278,8 @@ void pcistub_put_pci_dev(struct pci_dev *dev)
 	/* Cleanup our device
 	 * (so it's ready for the next domain)
 	 */
-
-	/* This is OK - we are running from workqueue context
-	 * and want to inhibit the user from fiddling with 'reset'
-	 */
-	pci_reset_function(dev);
+	lockdep_assert_held(&dev->dev.mutex);
+	__pci_reset_function_locked(dev);
 	pci_restore_state(dev);
 
 	/* This disables the device. */
@@ -567,7 +566,8 @@ static void pcistub_remove(struct pci_dev *dev)
 			/* N.B. This ends up calling pcistub_put_pci_dev which ends up
 			 * doing the FLR. */
 			xen_pcibk_release_pci_dev(found_psdev->pdev,
-						found_psdev->dev);
+						found_psdev->dev,
+						false /* caller holds the lock. */);
 		}
 
 		spin_lock_irqsave(&pcistub_devices_lock, flags);
diff --git a/drivers/xen/xen-pciback/pciback.h b/drivers/xen/xen-pciback/pciback.h
index f72af87..58e38d5 100644
--- a/drivers/xen/xen-pciback/pciback.h
+++ b/drivers/xen/xen-pciback/pciback.h
@@ -99,7 +99,8 @@ struct xen_pcibk_backend {
 		    unsigned int *domain, unsigned int *bus,
 		    unsigned int *devfn);
 	int (*publish)(struct xen_pcibk_device *pdev, publish_pci_root_cb cb);
-	void (*release)(struct xen_pcibk_device *pdev, struct pci_dev *dev);
+	void (*release)(struct xen_pcibk_device *pdev, struct pci_dev *dev,
+                        bool lock);
 	int (*add)(struct xen_pcibk_device *pdev, struct pci_dev *dev,
 		   int devid, publish_pci_dev_cb publish_cb);
 	struct pci_dev *(*get)(struct xen_pcibk_device *pdev,
@@ -122,10 +123,10 @@ static inline int xen_pcibk_add_pci_dev(struct xen_pcibk_device *pdev,
 }
 
 static inline void xen_pcibk_release_pci_dev(struct xen_pcibk_device *pdev,
-					     struct pci_dev *dev)
+					     struct pci_dev *dev, bool lock)
 {
 	if (xen_pcibk_backend && xen_pcibk_backend->release)
-		return xen_pcibk_backend->release(pdev, dev);
+		return xen_pcibk_backend->release(pdev, dev, lock);
 }
 
 static inline struct pci_dev *
diff --git a/drivers/xen/xen-pciback/vpci.c b/drivers/xen/xen-pciback/vpci.c
index 51afff9..c99f8bb 100644
--- a/drivers/xen/xen-pciback/vpci.c
+++ b/drivers/xen/xen-pciback/vpci.c
@@ -145,7 +145,7 @@ out:
 }
 
 static void __xen_pcibk_release_pci_dev(struct xen_pcibk_device *pdev,
-					struct pci_dev *dev)
+					struct pci_dev *dev, bool lock)
 {
 	int slot;
 	struct vpci_dev_data *vpci_dev = pdev->pci_dev_data;
@@ -169,8 +169,13 @@ static void __xen_pcibk_release_pci_dev(struct xen_pcibk_device *pdev,
 out:
 	mutex_unlock(&vpci_dev->lock);
 
-	if (found_dev)
+	if (found_dev) {
+		if (lock)
+			device_lock(&found_dev->dev);
 		pcistub_put_pci_dev(found_dev);
+		if (lock)
+			device_unlock(&found_dev->dev);
+	}
 }
 
 static int __xen_pcibk_init_devices(struct xen_pcibk_device *pdev)
@@ -208,8 +213,11 @@ static void __xen_pcibk_release_devices(struct xen_pcibk_device *pdev)
 		struct pci_dev_entry *e, *tmp;
 		list_for_each_entry_safe(e, tmp, &vpci_dev->dev_list[slot],
 					 list) {
+			struct pci_dev *dev = e->dev;
 			list_del(&e->list);
-			pcistub_put_pci_dev(e->dev);
+			device_lock(&dev->dev);
+			pcistub_put_pci_dev(dev);
+			device_unlock(&dev->dev);
 			kfree(e);
 		}
 	}
diff --git a/drivers/xen/xen-pciback/xenbus.c b/drivers/xen/xen-pciback/xenbus.c
index 4a7e6e0..b3318fd 100644
--- a/drivers/xen/xen-pciback/xenbus.c
+++ b/drivers/xen/xen-pciback/xenbus.c
@@ -290,7 +290,7 @@ static int xen_pcibk_remove_device(struct xen_pcibk_device *pdev,
 
 	/* N.B. This ends up calling pcistub_put_pci_dev which ends up
 	 * doing the FLR. */
-	xen_pcibk_release_pci_dev(pdev, dev);
+	xen_pcibk_release_pci_dev(pdev, dev, true /* use the lock. */);
 
 out:
 	return err;
-- 
1.9.3

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