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Date:	Thu, 17 Jul 2014 10:48:20 -0400
From:	Pranith Kumar <>
To:	Christoph Lameter <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 1/1] doc: Add remote CPU access details and others
 to this_cpu_ops.txt

On 07/17/2014 10:39 AM, Christoph Lameter wrote:
> On Thu, 17 Jul 2014, Pranith Kumar wrote:
>>> The use of atomic_t implies a remote write operation to a percpu area.
>>> atomic_t needs to be avoided. If data needs to be modified from multiple
>>> cpus then it usually does not belong into a percpu area.
>> Yes, I think I made it pretty clear that remote accesses need to be avoided
>> unless absolutely necessary. But, there will be scenarios where mostly local
>> data will need to be have remote accesses. In such scenarios, isn't using
>> atomic_t better? FYI, that is how RCU code currently works. It uses atomic_t in
>> per cpu areas to ensure atomicity for remote accesses.
> The RCU code has .... ummmm... some issues with percpu usage and should
> not be taken as a good example. If you look at the RCU code it looks
> horrible with numerous barriers around remote percpu read/wrirte
> accesses and one wonders if that code is actually ok.

Well, it is running in all our kernels with not many reported issues, isn't it ;)
And yes, that is one of the extra-ordinary situations where we use per-cpu data.
Once you've extracted a pointer to the per-cpu area -and- ensure that concurrent
accesses do not happen(or happen with enough guarantees using barriers), what is
the case against remote accesses? I am asking from a correctness and a
performance point of view, not style/aesthetics.

>> If data needs to be modified from multiple cpus only very rarely, doesn't it
>> make sense to use per-cpu areas?
> I would suggest that this should not occur. You can always "modify" remote
> percpu areas by generating an IPI on that cpu to make that processor
> update its own per cpu data.

The case against doing that is not to wake up CPUs which are in idle/sleep
states. I think mentioning it here that remote accesses are strongly discouraged
with a reasonable explanation of the implications should be enough. There might
always be rare situations where remote accesses might be necessary.

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