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Date:	Fri, 18 Jul 2014 07:17:17 -0400
From:	Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@...cle.com>
To:	"Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>,
	linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
CC:	mingo@...nel.org, laijs@...fujitsu.com, dipankar@...ibm.com,
	akpm@...ux-foundation.org, mathieu.desnoyers@...icios.com,
	josh@...htriplett.org, niv@...ibm.com, tglx@...utronix.de,
	peterz@...radead.org, rostedt@...dmis.org, dhowells@...hat.com,
	edumazet@...gle.com, dvhart@...ux.intel.com, fweisbec@...il.com,
	oleg@...hat.com, sbw@....edu, linux-rt-users@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH RFC tip/core/rcu 2/2] rcu: Create rcuo kthreads only for
 onlined CPUs

On 07/14/2014 06:06 AM, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> From: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>
> 
> RCU currently uses for_each_possible_cpu() to spawn rcuo kthreads,
> which can result in more rcuo kthreads than one would expect, for
> example, derRichard reported 64 CPUs worth of rcuo kthreads on an
> 8-CPU image.  This commit therefore creates rcuo kthreads only for
> those CPUs that actually come online.
> 
> Reported-by: derRichard
> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>

Hey Paul,

Me again. :)

It seems that this patch moved thread initialization to a point way
too early during boot, before rest_init() which initializes kthreadd_task
runs, so creating a new kthread triggers a NULL ptr deref:

[    0.000000] BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at           (null)
[    0.000000] IP: wake_up_process (kernel/sched/core.c:1768)
[    0.000000] PGD 0
[    0.000000] Oops: 0000 [#1] PREEMPT SMP DEBUG_PAGEALLOC
[    0.000000] Modules linked in:
[    0.000000] CPU: 0 PID: 0 Comm: swapper/0 Tainted: G        W      3.16.0-rc5-next-20140718-sasha-00046-g054cefc #898
[    0.000000] task: ffffffff9fa2d580 ti: ffffffff9fa29580 task.ti: ffffffff9fa29580
[    0.000000] RIP: wake_up_process (kernel/sched/core.c:1768)
[    0.000000] RSP: 0000:ffffffff9fa2d238  EFLAGS: 00010046
[    0.000000] RAX: ffffffff9fa2d580 RBX: 0000000000000000 RCX: 0000000000000000
[    0.000000] RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: ffffffff9f2f4567 RDI: ffffffff9f28c581
[    0.000000] RBP: ffffffff9fa2d240 R08: 0000000000000001 R09: 0000000000000001
[    0.000000] R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 3d3d3d3d3d3d3d3d R12: ffffffff9fab3000
[    0.000000] R13: ffffffff99288bb0 R14: ffffffff9f18a72b R15: ffff8806f2050000
[    0.000000] FS:  0000000000000000(0000) GS:ffff8805f3a00000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
[    0.000000] CS:  0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 000000008005003b
[    0.000000] CR2: 0000000000000000 CR3: 000000001fa22000 CR4: 00000000000006b0
[    0.000000] Stack:
[    0.000000]  00000000ffffffff ffffffff9fa2d388 ffffffff991fd3e7 0000000000000002
[    0.000000]  ffffffff9fa2d580 ffffffffa13b04a0 ffffffff00000000 dead4ead00000000
[    0.000000]  ffffffffffffffff ffffffffffffffff ffffffffa13ade38 0000000000000000
[    0.000000] Call Trace:
[    0.000000]  <UNK>
[    0.000000] kthread_create_on_node (kernel/kthread.c:294)
[    0.000000] ? debug_smp_processor_id (lib/smp_processor_id.c:57)
[    0.000000] ? debug_smp_processor_id (lib/smp_processor_id.c:57)
[    0.000000] ? __this_cpu_preempt_check (lib/smp_processor_id.c:63)
[    0.000000] ? trace_hardirqs_off_caller (kernel/locking/lockdep.c:2639 (discriminator 8))
[    0.000000] rcu_spawn_one_boost_kthread (kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h:1348)
[    0.000000] rcu_cpu_notify (kernel/rcu/tree.c:3454)
[    0.000000] ? __this_cpu_preempt_check (lib/smp_processor_id.c:63)
[    0.000000] ? trace_hardirqs_off_caller (kernel/locking/lockdep.c:2639 (discriminator 8))
[    0.000000] rcu_init (kernel/rcu/tree.c:3753)
[    0.000000] start_kernel (init/main.c:581)
[    0.000000] ? early_idt_handlers (arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S:344)
[    0.000000] x86_64_start_reservations (arch/x86/kernel/head64.c:194)
[    0.000000] x86_64_start_kernel (arch/x86/kernel/head64.c:183)
[ 0.000000] Code: 55 b0 8b 40 18 e9 2c fd ff ff 66 66 66 66 66 66 2e 0f 1f 84 00 00 00 00 00 e8 1b 0b c9 04 55 48 89 e5 53 48 89 fb e8 ae 36 21 00 <48> 8b 03 a8 0c 75 17 48 89 df 31 d2 be 03 00 00 00 e8 98 f9 ff
All code
========
   0:   55                      push   %rbp
   1:   b0 8b                   mov    $0x8b,%al
   3:   40 18 e9                sbb    %bpl,%cl
   6:   2c fd                   sub    $0xfd,%al
   8:   ff                      (bad)
   9:   ff 66 66                jmpq   *0x66(%rsi)
   c:   66 66 66 66 2e 0f 1f    data32 data32 data32 nopw %cs:0x0(%rax,%rax,1)
  13:   84 00 00 00 00 00
  19:   e8 1b 0b c9 04          callq  0x4c90b39
  1e:   55                      push   %rbp
  1f:   48 89 e5                mov    %rsp,%rbp
  22:   53                      push   %rbx
  23:   48 89 fb                mov    %rdi,%rbx
  26:   e8 ae 36 21 00          callq  0x2136d9
  2b:*  48 8b 03                mov    (%rbx),%rax              <-- trapping instruction
  2e:   a8 0c                   test   $0xc,%al
  30:   75 17                   jne    0x49
  32:   48 89 df                mov    %rbx,%rdi
  35:   31 d2                   xor    %edx,%edx
  37:   be 03 00 00 00          mov    $0x3,%esi
  3c:   e8 98 f9 ff 00          callq  0xfff9d9

Code starting with the faulting instruction
===========================================
   0:   48 8b 03                mov    (%rbx),%rax
   3:   a8 0c                   test   $0xc,%al
   5:   75 17                   jne    0x1e
   7:   48 89 df                mov    %rbx,%rdi
   a:   31 d2                   xor    %edx,%edx
   c:   be 03 00 00 00          mov    $0x3,%esi
  11:   e8 98 f9 ff 00          callq  0xfff9ae
[    0.000000] RIP wake_up_process (kernel/sched/core.c:1768)
[    0.000000]  RSP <ffffffff9fa2d238>
[    0.000000] CR2: 0000000000000000


Thanks,
Sasha
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