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Date:	Sat, 19 Jul 2014 22:06:16 +0200
From:	Richard Weinberger <>
To:	Joakim Tjernlund <>
Subject: Re: ls -l /proc/1/exe -> Permission denied

Am 18.07.2014 17:05, schrieb Joakim Tjernlund:
> Joakim Tjernlund/Transmode wrote on 2014/07/18 15:49:17:
>> Richard Weinberger <> wrote on 2014/07/18 
> 14:58:30:
>>> On Thu, Jul 17, 2014 at 1:18 PM, Joakim Tjernlund
>>> <> wrote:
>>>> Trying to real /proc/<pid>/exe I noticed I could not read links not
>>>> belonging to my user such as:
>>>> jocke >  ls -l /proc/1/exe
>>>>              ls: cannot read symbolic link /proc/1/exe: Permission 
> denied
>>>> Is this expected?
>>> Why do you think this is unexpected?
>> It only shows the full path to the executable, compare with comm which 
> shows basename(app).
>> I have an idea for qemu-user which needs to identify which processes
>> are running /usr/bin/qemu-<arch> and which are not so it knows how
>> to munge different /proc/ files.
> Just to be clear, I expect to read where /proc/1/exe points, not the 
> contents of the file
> pointed to.
> It seems that any and all symlinks are forbidden:
>> ls -l /proc/1
> ls: cannot read symbolic link /proc/1/cwd: Permission denied
> ls: cannot read symbolic link /proc/1/root: Permission denied
> ls: cannot read symbolic link /proc/1/exe: Permission denied

Because they all share the same implementation.
See proc_pid_link_inode_operations() in fs/proc/base.c

Happy hacking. :-)

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