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Date:	Sat, 19 Jul 2014 09:44:09 +0200
From:	Arnd Bergmann <>
Cc:	Sam Ravnborg <>,
	Thierry Reding <>,, Russell King <>,
	Catalin Marinas <>,
	Stephen Boyd <>,, Will Deacon <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3 1/3] asm-generic/io.h: Implement generic {read,write}s*()

On Friday 18 July 2014 22:59:53 Sam Ravnborg wrote:
> On Wed, Jul 16, 2014 at 01:01:22PM +0200, Thierry Reding wrote:
> > From: Thierry Reding <>
> > 
> > Currently driver writers need to use io{read,write}{8,16,32}_rep() when
> > accessing FIFO registers portably. This is bad for two reasons: it is
> > inconsistent with how other registers are accessed using the standard
> > {read,write}{b,w,l}() functions, which can lead to confusion. On some
> > architectures the io{read,write}*() functions also need to perform some
> > extra checks to determine whether an address is memory-mapped or refers
> > to I/O space. Drivers which can be expected to never use I/O can safely
> > use the {read,write}s{b,w,l,q}(), just like they use their non-string
> > variants and there's no need for these extra checks.
> > 
> > This patch implements generic versions of readsb(), readsw(), readsl(),
> > readsq(), writesb(), writesw(), writesl() and writesq(). Variants of
> > these string functions for I/O accesses (ins*() and outs*() as well as
> > ioread*_rep() and iowrite*_rep()) are now implemented in terms of the
> > new functions.
> > 
> > Going forward, {read,write}{,s}{b,w,l,q}() should be used consistently
> > by drivers for devices that will only ever be memory-mapped and hence
> > don't need to access I/O space, whereas io{read,write}{8,16,32}_rep()
> > should be used by drivers for devices that can be either memory-mapped
> > or I/O-mapped.
> > 
> > While at it, also make sure that any of the functions provided as
> > fallback for architectures that don't override them can't be overridden
> > subsequently.
> > 
> > This is compile- and runtime-tested on 32-bit and 64-bit ARM and compile
> > tested on Microblaze, s390, SPARC and Xtensa. For ARC, Blackfin, Metag,
> > OpenRISC, Score and Unicore32 which also use asm-generic/io.h I couldn't
> > find or build a cross-compiler that would run on my system. But by code
> > inspection they shouldn't break with this patch.
> > 
> > Signed-off-by: Thierry Reding <>
> Hi Thierry.
> While browsing the resulting asm-generic/io.h it is irritating
> that the functions are messed up like they are.
> From the start of the file the IO accessors are defined in following order:
> __raw_readb
> __raw_readw
> __raw_readl
> readb
> readw
> readl
> __raw_writeb
> __raw_writew
> __raw_writel
> writeb
> writew
> writel
> __raw_readq
> readq
> __raw_writeq
> writeq
> See how strange it looks?

It saves one #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT to do it like this, but I guess
you are right that reordering them slightly would be nice here.

> A semi related question.
> Why do we play all these macro tricks in io.h?
> Example:
>     #define writeb __raw_writeb
> The consensus these days is to use static inline to have the
> correct prototype but this file is contains a lot of these
> macro conversions.
> All these things are not introduced by your patch but now that
> you show some love and care for this file maybe we could take
> the next step and bring more order to the current semi chaos?

The macros are mainly there so we can test their presence with
#ifdef. The interface is complex enough that there is probably
an architecture for any combination of overrides: most should
override the __raw_*() functions with inline assembly, but a lot
don't do that and it works because of implementation details of
the compiler. Some may need to override either readl() or
readl_relaxed() but not the other one.

For this reason, we want architecture-level files that include
the asm-generic version to use macros (or macro + inline function)
rather than a plain inline.

I was arguing earlier that we don't need the extra macros in the
asm-generic version, but it also doesn't hurt and it can make
it slightly easier for new architectures to copy the bits from
asm-generic they want to override.

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