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Date:	Sat, 19 Jul 2014 10:46:52 +0200 (CEST)
From:	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>
To:	Linus Torvalds <torvalds@...ux-foundation.org>
cc:	Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>,
	LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
	Ingo Molnar <mingo@...nel.org>,
	"H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>
Subject: [GIT pull] core updates for 3.16

Linus,

please pull the latest core-urgent-for-linus git tree from:

   git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip.git core-urgent-for-linus

Two RCU patches:
    * Address a serious performance regression on open/close caused
      by ac1bea85781e (Make cond_resched() report RCU quiescent states)
    * Export RCU debug functions. Not a regression, but enablement to
      address a serious recursion bug in the sl*b allocators in 3.17

Thanks,

	tglx

------------------>
Paul E. McKenney (2):
      rcu: Export debug_init_rcu_head() and and debug_init_rcu_head()
      rcu: Reduce overhead of cond_resched() checks for RCU


 Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt |   6 ++
 include/linux/rcupdate.h            |  46 +++---------
 kernel/rcu/tree.c                   | 140 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
 kernel/rcu/tree.h                   |   6 +-
 kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h            |   2 +-
 kernel/rcu/update.c                 |  22 +-----
 kernel/sched/core.c                 |   7 +-
 7 files changed, 137 insertions(+), 92 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
index 8849049..7ffecb5 100644
--- a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -2790,6 +2790,12 @@ bytes respectively. Such letter suffixes can also be entirely omitted.
 			leaf rcu_node structure.  Useful for very large
 			systems.
 
+	rcutree.jiffies_till_sched_qs= [KNL]
+			Set required age in jiffies for a
+			given grace period before RCU starts
+			soliciting quiescent-state help from
+			rcu_note_context_switch().
+
 	rcutree.jiffies_till_first_fqs= [KNL]
 			Set delay from grace-period initialization to
 			first attempt to force quiescent states.
diff --git a/include/linux/rcupdate.h b/include/linux/rcupdate.h
index 5a75d19..6a94cc8 100644
--- a/include/linux/rcupdate.h
+++ b/include/linux/rcupdate.h
@@ -44,7 +44,6 @@
 #include <linux/debugobjects.h>
 #include <linux/bug.h>
 #include <linux/compiler.h>
-#include <linux/percpu.h>
 #include <asm/barrier.h>
 
 extern int rcu_expedited; /* for sysctl */
@@ -300,41 +299,6 @@ bool __rcu_is_watching(void);
 #endif /* #if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC) || defined(CONFIG_RCU_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_SMP) */
 
 /*
- * Hooks for cond_resched() and friends to avoid RCU CPU stall warnings.
- */
-
-#define RCU_COND_RESCHED_LIM 256	/* ms vs. 100s of ms. */
-DECLARE_PER_CPU(int, rcu_cond_resched_count);
-void rcu_resched(void);
-
-/*
- * Is it time to report RCU quiescent states?
- *
- * Note unsynchronized access to rcu_cond_resched_count.  Yes, we might
- * increment some random CPU's count, and possibly also load the result from
- * yet another CPU's count.  We might even clobber some other CPU's attempt
- * to zero its counter.  This is all OK because the goal is not precision,
- * but rather reasonable amortization of rcu_note_context_switch() overhead
- * and extremely high probability of avoiding RCU CPU stall warnings.
- * Note that this function has to be preempted in just the wrong place,
- * many thousands of times in a row, for anything bad to happen.
- */
-static inline bool rcu_should_resched(void)
-{
-	return raw_cpu_inc_return(rcu_cond_resched_count) >=
-	       RCU_COND_RESCHED_LIM;
-}
-
-/*
- * Report quiscent states to RCU if it is time to do so.
- */
-static inline void rcu_cond_resched(void)
-{
-	if (unlikely(rcu_should_resched()))
-		rcu_resched();
-}
-
-/*
  * Infrastructure to implement the synchronize_() primitives in
  * TREE_RCU and rcu_barrier_() primitives in TINY_RCU.
  */
@@ -358,9 +322,19 @@ void wait_rcu_gp(call_rcu_func_t crf);
  * initialization.
  */
 #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD
+void init_rcu_head(struct rcu_head *head);
+void destroy_rcu_head(struct rcu_head *head);
 void init_rcu_head_on_stack(struct rcu_head *head);
 void destroy_rcu_head_on_stack(struct rcu_head *head);
 #else /* !CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD */
+static inline void init_rcu_head(struct rcu_head *head)
+{
+}
+
+static inline void destroy_rcu_head(struct rcu_head *head)
+{
+}
+
 static inline void init_rcu_head_on_stack(struct rcu_head *head)
 {
 }
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree.c b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
index f1ba773..625d0b0 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/tree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
@@ -206,6 +206,70 @@ void rcu_bh_qs(int cpu)
 	rdp->passed_quiesce = 1;
 }
 
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(int, rcu_sched_qs_mask);
+
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct rcu_dynticks, rcu_dynticks) = {
+	.dynticks_nesting = DYNTICK_TASK_EXIT_IDLE,
+	.dynticks = ATOMIC_INIT(1),
+#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL_SYSIDLE
+	.dynticks_idle_nesting = DYNTICK_TASK_NEST_VALUE,
+	.dynticks_idle = ATOMIC_INIT(1),
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL_SYSIDLE */
+};
+
+/*
+ * Let the RCU core know that this CPU has gone through the scheduler,
+ * which is a quiescent state.  This is called when the need for a
+ * quiescent state is urgent, so we burn an atomic operation and full
+ * memory barriers to let the RCU core know about it, regardless of what
+ * this CPU might (or might not) do in the near future.
+ *
+ * We inform the RCU core by emulating a zero-duration dyntick-idle
+ * period, which we in turn do by incrementing the ->dynticks counter
+ * by two.
+ */
+static void rcu_momentary_dyntick_idle(void)
+{
+	unsigned long flags;
+	struct rcu_data *rdp;
+	struct rcu_dynticks *rdtp;
+	int resched_mask;
+	struct rcu_state *rsp;
+
+	local_irq_save(flags);
+
+	/*
+	 * Yes, we can lose flag-setting operations.  This is OK, because
+	 * the flag will be set again after some delay.
+	 */
+	resched_mask = raw_cpu_read(rcu_sched_qs_mask);
+	raw_cpu_write(rcu_sched_qs_mask, 0);
+
+	/* Find the flavor that needs a quiescent state. */
+	for_each_rcu_flavor(rsp) {
+		rdp = raw_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda);
+		if (!(resched_mask & rsp->flavor_mask))
+			continue;
+		smp_mb(); /* rcu_sched_qs_mask before cond_resched_completed. */
+		if (ACCESS_ONCE(rdp->mynode->completed) !=
+		    ACCESS_ONCE(rdp->cond_resched_completed))
+			continue;
+
+		/*
+		 * Pretend to be momentarily idle for the quiescent state.
+		 * This allows the grace-period kthread to record the
+		 * quiescent state, with no need for this CPU to do anything
+		 * further.
+		 */
+		rdtp = this_cpu_ptr(&rcu_dynticks);
+		smp_mb__before_atomic(); /* Earlier stuff before QS. */
+		atomic_add(2, &rdtp->dynticks);  /* QS. */
+		smp_mb__after_atomic(); /* Later stuff after QS. */
+		break;
+	}
+	local_irq_restore(flags);
+}
+
 /*
  * Note a context switch.  This is a quiescent state for RCU-sched,
  * and requires special handling for preemptible RCU.
@@ -216,19 +280,12 @@ void rcu_note_context_switch(int cpu)
 	trace_rcu_utilization(TPS("Start context switch"));
 	rcu_sched_qs(cpu);
 	rcu_preempt_note_context_switch(cpu);
+	if (unlikely(raw_cpu_read(rcu_sched_qs_mask)))
+		rcu_momentary_dyntick_idle();
 	trace_rcu_utilization(TPS("End context switch"));
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_note_context_switch);
 
-static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct rcu_dynticks, rcu_dynticks) = {
-	.dynticks_nesting = DYNTICK_TASK_EXIT_IDLE,
-	.dynticks = ATOMIC_INIT(1),
-#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL_SYSIDLE
-	.dynticks_idle_nesting = DYNTICK_TASK_NEST_VALUE,
-	.dynticks_idle = ATOMIC_INIT(1),
-#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL_SYSIDLE */
-};
-
 static long blimit = 10;	/* Maximum callbacks per rcu_do_batch. */
 static long qhimark = 10000;	/* If this many pending, ignore blimit. */
 static long qlowmark = 100;	/* Once only this many pending, use blimit. */
@@ -243,6 +300,13 @@ static ulong jiffies_till_next_fqs = ULONG_MAX;
 module_param(jiffies_till_first_fqs, ulong, 0644);
 module_param(jiffies_till_next_fqs, ulong, 0644);
 
+/*
+ * How long the grace period must be before we start recruiting
+ * quiescent-state help from rcu_note_context_switch().
+ */
+static ulong jiffies_till_sched_qs = HZ / 20;
+module_param(jiffies_till_sched_qs, ulong, 0644);
+
 static bool rcu_start_gp_advanced(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_node *rnp,
 				  struct rcu_data *rdp);
 static void force_qs_rnp(struct rcu_state *rsp,
@@ -853,6 +917,7 @@ static int rcu_implicit_dynticks_qs(struct rcu_data *rdp,
 				    bool *isidle, unsigned long *maxj)
 {
 	unsigned int curr;
+	int *rcrmp;
 	unsigned int snap;
 
 	curr = (unsigned int)atomic_add_return(0, &rdp->dynticks->dynticks);
@@ -893,27 +958,43 @@ static int rcu_implicit_dynticks_qs(struct rcu_data *rdp,
 	}
 
 	/*
-	 * There is a possibility that a CPU in adaptive-ticks state
-	 * might run in the kernel with the scheduling-clock tick disabled
-	 * for an extended time period.  Invoke rcu_kick_nohz_cpu() to
-	 * force the CPU to restart the scheduling-clock tick in this
-	 * CPU is in this state.
-	 */
-	rcu_kick_nohz_cpu(rdp->cpu);
-
-	/*
-	 * Alternatively, the CPU might be running in the kernel
-	 * for an extended period of time without a quiescent state.
-	 * Attempt to force the CPU through the scheduler to gain the
-	 * needed quiescent state, but only if the grace period has gone
-	 * on for an uncommonly long time.  If there are many stuck CPUs,
-	 * we will beat on the first one until it gets unstuck, then move
-	 * to the next.  Only do this for the primary flavor of RCU.
+	 * A CPU running for an extended time within the kernel can
+	 * delay RCU grace periods.  When the CPU is in NO_HZ_FULL mode,
+	 * even context-switching back and forth between a pair of
+	 * in-kernel CPU-bound tasks cannot advance grace periods.
+	 * So if the grace period is old enough, make the CPU pay attention.
+	 * Note that the unsynchronized assignments to the per-CPU
+	 * rcu_sched_qs_mask variable are safe.  Yes, setting of
+	 * bits can be lost, but they will be set again on the next
+	 * force-quiescent-state pass.  So lost bit sets do not result
+	 * in incorrect behavior, merely in a grace period lasting
+	 * a few jiffies longer than it might otherwise.  Because
+	 * there are at most four threads involved, and because the
+	 * updates are only once every few jiffies, the probability of
+	 * lossage (and thus of slight grace-period extension) is
+	 * quite low.
+	 *
+	 * Note that if the jiffies_till_sched_qs boot/sysfs parameter
+	 * is set too high, we override with half of the RCU CPU stall
+	 * warning delay.
 	 */
-	if (rdp->rsp == rcu_state_p &&
+	rcrmp = &per_cpu(rcu_sched_qs_mask, rdp->cpu);
+	if (ULONG_CMP_GE(jiffies,
+			 rdp->rsp->gp_start + jiffies_till_sched_qs) ||
 	    ULONG_CMP_GE(jiffies, rdp->rsp->jiffies_resched)) {
-		rdp->rsp->jiffies_resched += 5;
-		resched_cpu(rdp->cpu);
+		if (!(ACCESS_ONCE(*rcrmp) & rdp->rsp->flavor_mask)) {
+			ACCESS_ONCE(rdp->cond_resched_completed) =
+				ACCESS_ONCE(rdp->mynode->completed);
+			smp_mb(); /* ->cond_resched_completed before *rcrmp. */
+			ACCESS_ONCE(*rcrmp) =
+				ACCESS_ONCE(*rcrmp) + rdp->rsp->flavor_mask;
+			resched_cpu(rdp->cpu);  /* Force CPU into scheduler. */
+			rdp->rsp->jiffies_resched += 5; /* Enable beating. */
+		} else if (ULONG_CMP_GE(jiffies, rdp->rsp->jiffies_resched)) {
+			/* Time to beat on that CPU again! */
+			resched_cpu(rdp->cpu);  /* Force CPU into scheduler. */
+			rdp->rsp->jiffies_resched += 5; /* Re-enable beating. */
+		}
 	}
 
 	return 0;
@@ -3491,6 +3572,7 @@ static void __init rcu_init_one(struct rcu_state *rsp,
 			       "rcu_node_fqs_1",
 			       "rcu_node_fqs_2",
 			       "rcu_node_fqs_3" };  /* Match MAX_RCU_LVLS */
+	static u8 fl_mask = 0x1;
 	int cpustride = 1;
 	int i;
 	int j;
@@ -3509,6 +3591,8 @@ static void __init rcu_init_one(struct rcu_state *rsp,
 	for (i = 1; i < rcu_num_lvls; i++)
 		rsp->level[i] = rsp->level[i - 1] + rsp->levelcnt[i - 1];
 	rcu_init_levelspread(rsp);
+	rsp->flavor_mask = fl_mask;
+	fl_mask <<= 1;
 
 	/* Initialize the elements themselves, starting from the leaves. */
 
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree.h b/kernel/rcu/tree.h
index bf2c1e6..0f69a79 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/tree.h
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree.h
@@ -307,6 +307,9 @@ struct rcu_data {
 	/* 4) reasons this CPU needed to be kicked by force_quiescent_state */
 	unsigned long dynticks_fqs;	/* Kicked due to dynticks idle. */
 	unsigned long offline_fqs;	/* Kicked due to being offline. */
+	unsigned long cond_resched_completed;
+					/* Grace period that needs help */
+					/*  from cond_resched(). */
 
 	/* 5) __rcu_pending() statistics. */
 	unsigned long n_rcu_pending;	/* rcu_pending() calls since boot. */
@@ -392,6 +395,7 @@ struct rcu_state {
 	struct rcu_node *level[RCU_NUM_LVLS];	/* Hierarchy levels. */
 	u32 levelcnt[MAX_RCU_LVLS + 1];		/* # nodes in each level. */
 	u8 levelspread[RCU_NUM_LVLS];		/* kids/node in each level. */
+	u8 flavor_mask;				/* bit in flavor mask. */
 	struct rcu_data __percpu *rda;		/* pointer of percu rcu_data. */
 	void (*call)(struct rcu_head *head,	/* call_rcu() flavor. */
 		     void (*func)(struct rcu_head *head));
@@ -563,7 +567,7 @@ static bool rcu_nocb_need_deferred_wakeup(struct rcu_data *rdp);
 static void do_nocb_deferred_wakeup(struct rcu_data *rdp);
 static void rcu_boot_init_nocb_percpu_data(struct rcu_data *rdp);
 static void rcu_spawn_nocb_kthreads(struct rcu_state *rsp);
-static void rcu_kick_nohz_cpu(int cpu);
+static void __maybe_unused rcu_kick_nohz_cpu(int cpu);
 static bool init_nocb_callback_list(struct rcu_data *rdp);
 static void rcu_sysidle_enter(struct rcu_dynticks *rdtp, int irq);
 static void rcu_sysidle_exit(struct rcu_dynticks *rdtp, int irq);
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h b/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h
index cbc2c45..02ac0fb 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h
@@ -2404,7 +2404,7 @@ static bool init_nocb_callback_list(struct rcu_data *rdp)
  * if an adaptive-ticks CPU is failing to respond to the current grace
  * period and has not be idle from an RCU perspective, kick it.
  */
-static void rcu_kick_nohz_cpu(int cpu)
+static void __maybe_unused rcu_kick_nohz_cpu(int cpu)
 {
 #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL
 	if (tick_nohz_full_cpu(cpu))
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/update.c b/kernel/rcu/update.c
index a2aeb4d..bc78835 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/update.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/update.c
@@ -200,12 +200,12 @@ void wait_rcu_gp(call_rcu_func_t crf)
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(wait_rcu_gp);
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD
-static inline void debug_init_rcu_head(struct rcu_head *head)
+void init_rcu_head(struct rcu_head *head)
 {
 	debug_object_init(head, &rcuhead_debug_descr);
 }
 
-static inline void debug_rcu_head_free(struct rcu_head *head)
+void destroy_rcu_head(struct rcu_head *head)
 {
 	debug_object_free(head, &rcuhead_debug_descr);
 }
@@ -350,21 +350,3 @@ static int __init check_cpu_stall_init(void)
 early_initcall(check_cpu_stall_init);
 
 #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_STALL_COMMON */
-
-/*
- * Hooks for cond_resched() and friends to avoid RCU CPU stall warnings.
- */
-
-DEFINE_PER_CPU(int, rcu_cond_resched_count);
-
-/*
- * Report a set of RCU quiescent states, for use by cond_resched()
- * and friends.  Out of line due to being called infrequently.
- */
-void rcu_resched(void)
-{
-	preempt_disable();
-	__this_cpu_write(rcu_cond_resched_count, 0);
-	rcu_note_context_switch(smp_processor_id());
-	preempt_enable();
-}
diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
index 3bdf01b..bc1638b 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/core.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
@@ -4147,7 +4147,6 @@ static void __cond_resched(void)
 
 int __sched _cond_resched(void)
 {
-	rcu_cond_resched();
 	if (should_resched()) {
 		__cond_resched();
 		return 1;
@@ -4166,18 +4165,15 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(_cond_resched);
  */
 int __cond_resched_lock(spinlock_t *lock)
 {
-	bool need_rcu_resched = rcu_should_resched();
 	int resched = should_resched();
 	int ret = 0;
 
 	lockdep_assert_held(lock);
 
-	if (spin_needbreak(lock) || resched || need_rcu_resched) {
+	if (spin_needbreak(lock) || resched) {
 		spin_unlock(lock);
 		if (resched)
 			__cond_resched();
-		else if (unlikely(need_rcu_resched))
-			rcu_resched();
 		else
 			cpu_relax();
 		ret = 1;
@@ -4191,7 +4187,6 @@ int __sched __cond_resched_softirq(void)
 {
 	BUG_ON(!in_softirq());
 
-	rcu_cond_resched();  /* BH disabled OK, just recording QSes. */
 	if (should_resched()) {
 		local_bh_enable();
 		__cond_resched();
--
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