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Date:	Sun, 20 Jul 2014 19:34:37 +0200
From:	David Herrmann <dh.herrmann@...il.com>
To:	linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Cc:	Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@...il.com>,
	Ryan Lortie <desrt@...rt.ca>,
	Linus Torvalds <torvalds@...ux-foundation.org>,
	Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>, linux-mm@...ck.org,
	linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org, linux-api@...r.kernel.org,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@...ah.com>, john.stultz@...aro.org,
	Lennart Poettering <lennart@...ttering.net>,
	Daniel Mack <zonque@...il.com>, Kay Sievers <kay@...y.org>,
	Hugh Dickins <hughd@...gle.com>,
	Andy Lutomirski <luto@...capital.net>,
	Alexander Viro <viro@...iv.linux.org.uk>,
	David Herrmann <dh.herrmann@...il.com>
Subject: [PATCH v4 3/6] shm: add memfd_create() syscall

memfd_create() is similar to mmap(MAP_ANON), but returns a file-descriptor
that you can pass to mmap(). It can support sealing and avoids any
connection to user-visible mount-points. Thus, it's not subject to quotas
on mounted file-systems, but can be used like malloc()'ed memory, but
with a file-descriptor to it.

memfd_create() returns the raw shmem file, so calls like ftruncate() can
be used to modify the underlying inode. Also calls like fstat()
will return proper information and mark the file as regular file. If you
want sealing, you can specify MFD_ALLOW_SEALING. Otherwise, sealing is not
supported (like on all other regular files).

Compared to O_TMPFILE, it does not require a tmpfs mount-point and is not
subject to a filesystem size limit. It is still properly accounted to
memcg limits, though, and to the same overcommit or no-overcommit
accounting as all user memory.

Signed-off-by: David Herrmann <dh.herrmann@...il.com>
---
 arch/x86/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl |  1 +
 arch/x86/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl |  1 +
 include/linux/syscalls.h         |  1 +
 include/uapi/linux/memfd.h       |  8 +++++
 kernel/sys_ni.c                  |  1 +
 mm/shmem.c                       | 73 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 6 files changed, 85 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/memfd.h

diff --git a/arch/x86/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl b/arch/x86/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl
index d6b8679..e7495b4 100644
--- a/arch/x86/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl
+++ b/arch/x86/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl
@@ -360,3 +360,4 @@
 351	i386	sched_setattr		sys_sched_setattr
 352	i386	sched_getattr		sys_sched_getattr
 353	i386	renameat2		sys_renameat2
+354	i386	memfd_create		sys_memfd_create
diff --git a/arch/x86/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl b/arch/x86/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
index ec255a1..28be0e1 100644
--- a/arch/x86/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
+++ b/arch/x86/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
@@ -323,6 +323,7 @@
 314	common	sched_setattr		sys_sched_setattr
 315	common	sched_getattr		sys_sched_getattr
 316	common	renameat2		sys_renameat2
+317	common	memfd_create		sys_memfd_create
 
 #
 # x32-specific system call numbers start at 512 to avoid cache impact
diff --git a/include/linux/syscalls.h b/include/linux/syscalls.h
index b0881a0..de00585 100644
--- a/include/linux/syscalls.h
+++ b/include/linux/syscalls.h
@@ -802,6 +802,7 @@ asmlinkage long sys_timerfd_settime(int ufd, int flags,
 asmlinkage long sys_timerfd_gettime(int ufd, struct itimerspec __user *otmr);
 asmlinkage long sys_eventfd(unsigned int count);
 asmlinkage long sys_eventfd2(unsigned int count, int flags);
+asmlinkage long sys_memfd_create(const char __user *uname_ptr, unsigned int flags);
 asmlinkage long sys_fallocate(int fd, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len);
 asmlinkage long sys_old_readdir(unsigned int, struct old_linux_dirent __user *, unsigned int);
 asmlinkage long sys_pselect6(int, fd_set __user *, fd_set __user *,
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/memfd.h b/include/uapi/linux/memfd.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..534e364
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/memfd.h
@@ -0,0 +1,8 @@
+#ifndef _UAPI_LINUX_MEMFD_H
+#define _UAPI_LINUX_MEMFD_H
+
+/* flags for memfd_create(2) (unsigned int) */
+#define MFD_CLOEXEC		0x0001U
+#define MFD_ALLOW_SEALING	0x0002U
+
+#endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_MEMFD_H */
diff --git a/kernel/sys_ni.c b/kernel/sys_ni.c
index 36441b5..489a4e6 100644
--- a/kernel/sys_ni.c
+++ b/kernel/sys_ni.c
@@ -197,6 +197,7 @@ cond_syscall(compat_sys_timerfd_settime);
 cond_syscall(compat_sys_timerfd_gettime);
 cond_syscall(sys_eventfd);
 cond_syscall(sys_eventfd2);
+cond_syscall(sys_memfd_create);
 
 /* performance counters: */
 cond_syscall(sys_perf_event_open);
diff --git a/mm/shmem.c b/mm/shmem.c
index 51dccd0..770e072 100644
--- a/mm/shmem.c
+++ b/mm/shmem.c
@@ -66,7 +66,9 @@ static struct vfsmount *shm_mnt;
 #include <linux/highmem.h>
 #include <linux/seq_file.h>
 #include <linux/magic.h>
+#include <linux/syscalls.h>
 #include <linux/fcntl.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/memfd.h>
 
 #include <asm/uaccess.h>
 #include <asm/pgtable.h>
@@ -2678,6 +2680,77 @@ static int shmem_show_options(struct seq_file *seq, struct dentry *root)
 	shmem_show_mpol(seq, sbinfo->mpol);
 	return 0;
 }
+
+#define MFD_NAME_PREFIX "memfd:"
+#define MFD_NAME_PREFIX_LEN (sizeof(MFD_NAME_PREFIX) - 1)
+#define MFD_NAME_MAX_LEN (NAME_MAX - MFD_NAME_PREFIX_LEN)
+
+#define MFD_ALL_FLAGS (MFD_CLOEXEC | MFD_ALLOW_SEALING)
+
+SYSCALL_DEFINE2(memfd_create,
+		const char __user *, uname,
+		unsigned int, flags)
+{
+	struct shmem_inode_info *info;
+	struct file *file;
+	int fd, error;
+	char *name;
+	long len;
+
+	if (flags & ~(unsigned int)MFD_ALL_FLAGS)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	/* length includes terminating zero */
+	len = strnlen_user(uname, MFD_NAME_MAX_LEN + 1);
+	if (len <= 0)
+		return -EFAULT;
+	if (len > MFD_NAME_MAX_LEN + 1)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	name = kmalloc(len + MFD_NAME_PREFIX_LEN, GFP_TEMPORARY);
+	if (!name)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	strcpy(name, MFD_NAME_PREFIX);
+	if (copy_from_user(&name[MFD_NAME_PREFIX_LEN], uname, len)) {
+		error = -EFAULT;
+		goto err_name;
+	}
+
+	/* terminating-zero may have changed after strnlen_user() returned */
+	if (name[len + MFD_NAME_PREFIX_LEN - 1]) {
+		error = -EFAULT;
+		goto err_name;
+	}
+
+	fd = get_unused_fd_flags((flags & MFD_CLOEXEC) ? O_CLOEXEC : 0);
+	if (fd < 0) {
+		error = fd;
+		goto err_name;
+	}
+
+	file = shmem_file_setup(name, 0, VM_NORESERVE);
+	if (IS_ERR(file)) {
+		error = PTR_ERR(file);
+		goto err_fd;
+	}
+	info = SHMEM_I(file_inode(file));
+	file->f_mode |= FMODE_LSEEK | FMODE_PREAD | FMODE_PWRITE;
+	file->f_flags |= O_RDWR | O_LARGEFILE;
+	if (flags & MFD_ALLOW_SEALING)
+		info->seals &= ~F_SEAL_SEAL;
+
+	fd_install(fd, file);
+	kfree(name);
+	return fd;
+
+err_fd:
+	put_unused_fd(fd);
+err_name:
+	kfree(name);
+	return error;
+}
+
 #endif /* CONFIG_TMPFS */
 
 static void shmem_put_super(struct super_block *sb)
-- 
2.0.2

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