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Date:	Wed, 23 Jul 2014 00:27:07 +0530
From:	Jassi Brar <jaswinder.singh@...aro.org>
To:	devicetree@...r.kernel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Cc:	ks.giri@...sung.com, arnd@...db.de, ijc@...lion.org.uk,
	mark.rutland@....com, robh@...nel.org, pawel.moll@....com,
	courtney.cavin@...ymobile.com, mporter@...aro.org,
	slapdau@...oo.com.au, lftan.linux@...il.com, loic.pallardy@...com,
	s-anna@...com, ashwin.chaugule@...aro.org, bjorn@...o.se,
	patches@...aro.org, t.takinishi@...fujitsu.com, broonie@...aro.org,
	khilman@...aro.org, mollie.wu@...aro.org, andy.green@...aro.org,
	lee.jones@...aro.org, Jassi Brar <jaswinder.singh@...aro.org>
Subject: [PATCHv9 3/4] doc: add documentation for mailbox framework

 Some explanations with examples of how to write to implement users
and providers of the mailbox framework.

Signed-off-by: Jassi Brar <jaswinder.singh@...aro.org>
---
 Documentation/mailbox.txt | 122 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 122 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/mailbox.txt

diff --git a/Documentation/mailbox.txt b/Documentation/mailbox.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..60f43ff
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/mailbox.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,122 @@
+		The Common Mailbox Framework
+		Jassi Brar <jaswinder.singh@...aro.org>
+
+ This document aims to help developers write client and controller
+drivers for the API. But before we start, let us note that the
+client (especially) and controller drivers are likely going to be
+very platform specific because the remote firmware is likely to be
+proprietary and implement non-standard protocol. So even if two
+platforms employ, say, PL320 controller, the client drivers can't
+be shared across them. Even the PL320 driver might need to accommodate
+some platform specific quirks. So the API is meant mainly to avoid
+similar copies of code written for each platform. Having said that,
+nothing prevents the remote f/w to also be Linux based and use the
+same api there. However none of that helps us locally because we only
+ever deal at client's protocol level.
+ Some of the choices made during implementation are the result of this
+peculiarity of this "common" framework.
+
+
+
+	Part 1 - Controller Driver (See include/linux/mailbox_controller.h)
+
+ Allocate mbox_controller and the array of mbox_chan.
+Populate mbox_chan_ops, except peek_data() all are mandatory.
+The controller driver might know a message has been consumed
+by the remote by getting an IRQ or polling some hardware flag
+or it can never know (the client knows by way of the protocol).
+The method in order of preference is IRQ -> Poll -> None, which
+the controller driver should set via 'txdone_irq' or 'txdone_poll'
+or neither.
+
+
+	Part 2 - Client Driver (See include/linux/mailbox_client.h)
+
+ The client might want to operate in blocking mode (synchronously
+send a message through before returning) or non-blocking/async mode (submit
+a message and a callback function to the API and return immediately).
+
+
+struct demo_client {
+	struct mbox_client cl;
+	struct mbox_chan *mbox;
+	struct completion c;
+	bool async;
+	/* ... */
+};
+
+/*
+ * This is the handler for data received from remote. The behaviour is purely
+ * dependent upon the protocol. This is just an example.
+ */
+static void message_from_remote(struct mbox_client *cl, void *mssg)
+{
+	struct demo_client *dc = container_of(mbox_client,
+						struct demo_client, cl);
+	if (dc->aysnc) {
+		if (is_an_ack(mssg)) {
+			/* An ACK to our last sample sent */
+			return; /* Or do something else here */
+		} else { /* A new message from remote */
+			queue_req(mssg);
+		}
+	} else {
+		/* Remote f/w sends only ACK packets on this channel */
+		return;
+	}
+}
+
+static void sample_sent(struct mbox_client *cl, void *mssg, int r)
+{
+	struct demo_client *dc = container_of(mbox_client,
+						struct demo_client, cl);
+	complete(&dc->c);
+}
+
+static void client_demo(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+	struct demo_client *dc_sync, *dc_async;
+	/* The controller already knows async_pkt and sync_pkt */
+	struct async_pkt ap;
+	struct sync_pkt sp;
+
+	dc_sync = kzalloc(sizeof(*dc_sync), GFP_KERNEL);
+	dc_async = kzalloc(sizeof(*dc_async), GFP_KERNEL);
+
+	/* Populate non-blocking mode client */
+	dc_async->cl.dev = &pdev->dev;
+	dc_async->cl.rx_callback = message_from_remote;
+	dc_async->cl.tx_done = sample_sent;
+	dc_async->cl.tx_block = false;
+	dc_async->cl.tx_tout = 0; /* doesn't matter here */
+	dc_async->cl.knows_txdone = false; /* depending upon protocol */
+	dc_async->async = true;
+	init_completion(&dc_async->c);
+
+	/* Populate blocking mode client */
+	dc_sync->cl.dev = &pdev->dev;
+	dc_sync->cl.rx_callback = message_from_remote;
+	dc_sync->cl.tx_done = NULL; /* operate in blocking mode */
+	dc_sync->cl.tx_block = true;
+	dc_sync->cl.tx_tout = 500; /* by half a second */
+	dc_sync->cl.knows_txdone = false; /* depending upon protocol */
+	dc_sync->async = false;
+
+	/* ASync mailbox is listed second in 'mboxes' property */
+	dc_async->mbox = mbox_request_channel(&dc_async->cl, 1);
+	/* Populate data packet */
+	/* ap.xxx = 123; etc */
+	/* Send async message to remote */
+	mbox_send_message(dc_async->mbox, &ap);
+
+	/* Sync mailbox is listed first in 'mboxes' property */
+	dc_sync->mbox = mbox_request_channel(&dc_sync->cl, 0);
+	/* Populate data packet */
+	/* sp.abc = 123; etc */
+	/* Send message to remote in blocking mode */
+	mbox_send_message(dc_sync->mbox, &sp);
+	/* At this point 'sp' has been sent */
+
+	/* Now wait for async chan to be done */
+	wait_for_completion(&dc_async->c);
+}
-- 
1.8.1.2

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