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Date:	Thu, 24 Jul 2014 10:45:32 +0100
From:	Luis Henriques <luis.henriques@...onical.com>
To:	linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, stable@...r.kernel.org,
	kernel-team@...ts.ubuntu.com
Cc:	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
	Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>,
	Mike Galbraith <umgwanakikbuti@...il.com>,
	Luis Henriques <luis.henriques@...onical.com>
Subject: [PATCH 3.11 083/128] rtmutex: Plug slow unlock race

3.11.10.14 -stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>

commit 27e35715df54cbc4f2d044f681802ae30479e7fb upstream.

When the rtmutex fast path is enabled the slow unlock function can
create the following situation:

spin_lock(foo->m->wait_lock);
foo->m->owner = NULL;
	    			rt_mutex_lock(foo->m); <-- fast path
				free = atomic_dec_and_test(foo->refcnt);
				rt_mutex_unlock(foo->m); <-- fast path
				if (free)
				   kfree(foo);

spin_unlock(foo->m->wait_lock); <--- Use after free.

Plug the race by changing the slow unlock to the following scheme:

     while (!rt_mutex_has_waiters(m)) {
     	    /* Clear the waiters bit in m->owner */
	    clear_rt_mutex_waiters(m);
      	    owner = rt_mutex_owner(m);
      	    spin_unlock(m->wait_lock);
      	    if (cmpxchg(m->owner, owner, 0) == owner)
      	       return;
      	    spin_lock(m->wait_lock);
     }

So in case of a new waiter incoming while the owner tries the slow
path unlock we have two situations:

 unlock(wait_lock);
					lock(wait_lock);
 cmpxchg(p, owner, 0) == owner
 	    	   			mark_rt_mutex_waiters(lock);
	 				acquire(lock);

Or:

 unlock(wait_lock);
					lock(wait_lock);
	 				mark_rt_mutex_waiters(lock);
 cmpxchg(p, owner, 0) != owner
					enqueue_waiter();
					unlock(wait_lock);
 lock(wait_lock);
 wakeup_next waiter();
 unlock(wait_lock);
					lock(wait_lock);
					acquire(lock);

If the fast path is disabled, then the simple

   m->owner = NULL;
   unlock(m->wait_lock);

is sufficient as all access to m->owner is serialized via
m->wait_lock;

Also document and clarify the wakeup_next_waiter function as suggested
by Oleg Nesterov.

Reported-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@...dmis.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@...dmis.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20140611183852.937945560@linutronix.de
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Mike Galbraith <umgwanakikbuti@...il.com>
Signed-off-by: Luis Henriques <luis.henriques@...onical.com>
---
 kernel/rtmutex.c | 115 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 1 file changed, 109 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/rtmutex.c b/kernel/rtmutex.c
index ff24a43f192f..51a83343df68 100644
--- a/kernel/rtmutex.c
+++ b/kernel/rtmutex.c
@@ -82,6 +82,47 @@ static inline void mark_rt_mutex_waiters(struct rt_mutex *lock)
 		owner = *p;
 	} while (cmpxchg(p, owner, owner | RT_MUTEX_HAS_WAITERS) != owner);
 }
+
+/*
+ * Safe fastpath aware unlock:
+ * 1) Clear the waiters bit
+ * 2) Drop lock->wait_lock
+ * 3) Try to unlock the lock with cmpxchg
+ */
+static inline bool unlock_rt_mutex_safe(struct rt_mutex *lock)
+	__releases(lock->wait_lock)
+{
+	struct task_struct *owner = rt_mutex_owner(lock);
+
+	clear_rt_mutex_waiters(lock);
+	raw_spin_unlock(&lock->wait_lock);
+	/*
+	 * If a new waiter comes in between the unlock and the cmpxchg
+	 * we have two situations:
+	 *
+	 * unlock(wait_lock);
+	 *					lock(wait_lock);
+	 * cmpxchg(p, owner, 0) == owner
+	 *					mark_rt_mutex_waiters(lock);
+	 *					acquire(lock);
+	 * or:
+	 *
+	 * unlock(wait_lock);
+	 *					lock(wait_lock);
+	 *					mark_rt_mutex_waiters(lock);
+	 *
+	 * cmpxchg(p, owner, 0) != owner
+	 *					enqueue_waiter();
+	 *					unlock(wait_lock);
+	 * lock(wait_lock);
+	 * wake waiter();
+	 * unlock(wait_lock);
+	 *					lock(wait_lock);
+	 *					acquire(lock);
+	 */
+	return rt_mutex_cmpxchg(lock, owner, NULL);
+}
+
 #else
 # define rt_mutex_cmpxchg(l,c,n)	(0)
 static inline void mark_rt_mutex_waiters(struct rt_mutex *lock)
@@ -89,6 +130,17 @@ static inline void mark_rt_mutex_waiters(struct rt_mutex *lock)
 	lock->owner = (struct task_struct *)
 			((unsigned long)lock->owner | RT_MUTEX_HAS_WAITERS);
 }
+
+/*
+ * Simple slow path only version: lock->owner is protected by lock->wait_lock.
+ */
+static inline bool unlock_rt_mutex_safe(struct rt_mutex *lock)
+	__releases(lock->wait_lock)
+{
+	lock->owner = NULL;
+	raw_spin_unlock(&lock->wait_lock);
+	return true;
+}
 #endif
 
 /*
@@ -536,7 +588,8 @@ static int task_blocks_on_rt_mutex(struct rt_mutex *lock,
 /*
  * Wake up the next waiter on the lock.
  *
- * Remove the top waiter from the current tasks waiter list and wake it up.
+ * Remove the top waiter from the current tasks pi waiter list and
+ * wake it up.
  *
  * Called with lock->wait_lock held.
  */
@@ -557,10 +610,23 @@ static void wakeup_next_waiter(struct rt_mutex *lock)
 	 */
 	plist_del(&waiter->pi_list_entry, &current->pi_waiters);
 
-	rt_mutex_set_owner(lock, NULL);
+	/*
+	 * As we are waking up the top waiter, and the waiter stays
+	 * queued on the lock until it gets the lock, this lock
+	 * obviously has waiters. Just set the bit here and this has
+	 * the added benefit of forcing all new tasks into the
+	 * slow path making sure no task of lower priority than
+	 * the top waiter can steal this lock.
+	 */
+	lock->owner = (void *) RT_MUTEX_HAS_WAITERS;
 
 	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&current->pi_lock, flags);
 
+	/*
+	 * It's safe to dereference waiter as it cannot go away as
+	 * long as we hold lock->wait_lock. The waiter task needs to
+	 * acquire it in order to dequeue the waiter.
+	 */
 	wake_up_process(waiter->task);
 }
 
@@ -813,12 +879,49 @@ rt_mutex_slowunlock(struct rt_mutex *lock)
 
 	rt_mutex_deadlock_account_unlock(current);
 
-	if (!rt_mutex_has_waiters(lock)) {
-		lock->owner = NULL;
-		raw_spin_unlock(&lock->wait_lock);
-		return;
+	/*
+	 * We must be careful here if the fast path is enabled. If we
+	 * have no waiters queued we cannot set owner to NULL here
+	 * because of:
+	 *
+	 * foo->lock->owner = NULL;
+	 *			rtmutex_lock(foo->lock);   <- fast path
+	 *			free = atomic_dec_and_test(foo->refcnt);
+	 *			rtmutex_unlock(foo->lock); <- fast path
+	 *			if (free)
+	 *				kfree(foo);
+	 * raw_spin_unlock(foo->lock->wait_lock);
+	 *
+	 * So for the fastpath enabled kernel:
+	 *
+	 * Nothing can set the waiters bit as long as we hold
+	 * lock->wait_lock. So we do the following sequence:
+	 *
+	 *	owner = rt_mutex_owner(lock);
+	 *	clear_rt_mutex_waiters(lock);
+	 *	raw_spin_unlock(&lock->wait_lock);
+	 *	if (cmpxchg(&lock->owner, owner, 0) == owner)
+	 *		return;
+	 *	goto retry;
+	 *
+	 * The fastpath disabled variant is simple as all access to
+	 * lock->owner is serialized by lock->wait_lock:
+	 *
+	 *	lock->owner = NULL;
+	 *	raw_spin_unlock(&lock->wait_lock);
+	 */
+	while (!rt_mutex_has_waiters(lock)) {
+		/* Drops lock->wait_lock ! */
+		if (unlock_rt_mutex_safe(lock) == true)
+			return;
+		/* Relock the rtmutex and try again */
+		raw_spin_lock(&lock->wait_lock);
 	}
 
+	/*
+	 * The wakeup next waiter path does not suffer from the above
+	 * race. See the comments there.
+	 */
 	wakeup_next_waiter(lock);
 
 	raw_spin_unlock(&lock->wait_lock);
-- 
1.9.1

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