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Date:	Wed, 23 Jul 2014 21:19:32 -0700 (PDT)
From:	Hugh Dickins <hughd@...gle.com>
To:	David Herrmann <dh.herrmann@...il.com>
cc:	linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
	Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@...il.com>,
	Ryan Lortie <desrt@...rt.ca>,
	Linus Torvalds <torvalds@...ux-foundation.org>,
	Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>, linux-mm@...ck.org,
	linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org, linux-api@...r.kernel.org,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@...ah.com>, john.stultz@...aro.org,
	Lennart Poettering <lennart@...ttering.net>,
	Daniel Mack <zonque@...il.com>, Kay Sievers <kay@...y.org>,
	Hugh Dickins <hughd@...gle.com>,
	Andy Lutomirski <luto@...capital.net>,
	Alexander Viro <viro@...iv.linux.org.uk>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v4 3/6] shm: add memfd_create() syscall

On Sun, 20 Jul 2014, David Herrmann wrote:

> memfd_create() is similar to mmap(MAP_ANON), but returns a file-descriptor
> that you can pass to mmap(). It can support sealing and avoids any
> connection to user-visible mount-points. Thus, it's not subject to quotas
> on mounted file-systems, but can be used like malloc()'ed memory, but
> with a file-descriptor to it.
> 
> memfd_create() returns the raw shmem file, so calls like ftruncate() can
> be used to modify the underlying inode. Also calls like fstat()
> will return proper information and mark the file as regular file. If you
> want sealing, you can specify MFD_ALLOW_SEALING. Otherwise, sealing is not
> supported (like on all other regular files).
> 
> Compared to O_TMPFILE, it does not require a tmpfs mount-point and is not
> subject to a filesystem size limit. It is still properly accounted to
> memcg limits, though, and to the same overcommit or no-overcommit
> accounting as all user memory.
> 
> Signed-off-by: David Herrmann <dh.herrmann@...il.com>

Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@...gle.com>

It appears to be the new syscall season, and I'm afraid I've delayed
you just long enough for two or three more to interpose themselves
after sys_renameat2.  If he agrees, I think that messiness is best
left to akpm, who I expect would adapt the patch according to what
has actually reached Linus by the time he's ready to send this in.

> ---
>  arch/x86/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl |  1 +
>  arch/x86/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl |  1 +
>  include/linux/syscalls.h         |  1 +
>  include/uapi/linux/memfd.h       |  8 +++++
>  kernel/sys_ni.c                  |  1 +
>  mm/shmem.c                       | 73 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  6 files changed, 85 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/memfd.h
> 
> diff --git a/arch/x86/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl b/arch/x86/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl
> index d6b8679..e7495b4 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl
> +++ b/arch/x86/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl
> @@ -360,3 +360,4 @@
>  351	i386	sched_setattr		sys_sched_setattr
>  352	i386	sched_getattr		sys_sched_getattr
>  353	i386	renameat2		sys_renameat2
> +354	i386	memfd_create		sys_memfd_create
> diff --git a/arch/x86/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl b/arch/x86/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
> index ec255a1..28be0e1 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
> +++ b/arch/x86/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
> @@ -323,6 +323,7 @@
>  314	common	sched_setattr		sys_sched_setattr
>  315	common	sched_getattr		sys_sched_getattr
>  316	common	renameat2		sys_renameat2
> +317	common	memfd_create		sys_memfd_create
>  
>  #
>  # x32-specific system call numbers start at 512 to avoid cache impact
> diff --git a/include/linux/syscalls.h b/include/linux/syscalls.h
> index b0881a0..de00585 100644
> --- a/include/linux/syscalls.h
> +++ b/include/linux/syscalls.h
> @@ -802,6 +802,7 @@ asmlinkage long sys_timerfd_settime(int ufd, int flags,
>  asmlinkage long sys_timerfd_gettime(int ufd, struct itimerspec __user *otmr);
>  asmlinkage long sys_eventfd(unsigned int count);
>  asmlinkage long sys_eventfd2(unsigned int count, int flags);
> +asmlinkage long sys_memfd_create(const char __user *uname_ptr, unsigned int flags);
>  asmlinkage long sys_fallocate(int fd, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len);
>  asmlinkage long sys_old_readdir(unsigned int, struct old_linux_dirent __user *, unsigned int);
>  asmlinkage long sys_pselect6(int, fd_set __user *, fd_set __user *,
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/memfd.h b/include/uapi/linux/memfd.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..534e364
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/memfd.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,8 @@
> +#ifndef _UAPI_LINUX_MEMFD_H
> +#define _UAPI_LINUX_MEMFD_H
> +
> +/* flags for memfd_create(2) (unsigned int) */
> +#define MFD_CLOEXEC		0x0001U
> +#define MFD_ALLOW_SEALING	0x0002U
> +
> +#endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_MEMFD_H */
> diff --git a/kernel/sys_ni.c b/kernel/sys_ni.c
> index 36441b5..489a4e6 100644
> --- a/kernel/sys_ni.c
> +++ b/kernel/sys_ni.c
> @@ -197,6 +197,7 @@ cond_syscall(compat_sys_timerfd_settime);
>  cond_syscall(compat_sys_timerfd_gettime);
>  cond_syscall(sys_eventfd);
>  cond_syscall(sys_eventfd2);
> +cond_syscall(sys_memfd_create);
>  
>  /* performance counters: */
>  cond_syscall(sys_perf_event_open);
> diff --git a/mm/shmem.c b/mm/shmem.c
> index 51dccd0..770e072 100644
> --- a/mm/shmem.c
> +++ b/mm/shmem.c
> @@ -66,7 +66,9 @@ static struct vfsmount *shm_mnt;
>  #include <linux/highmem.h>
>  #include <linux/seq_file.h>
>  #include <linux/magic.h>
> +#include <linux/syscalls.h>
>  #include <linux/fcntl.h>
> +#include <uapi/linux/memfd.h>
>  
>  #include <asm/uaccess.h>
>  #include <asm/pgtable.h>
> @@ -2678,6 +2680,77 @@ static int shmem_show_options(struct seq_file *seq, struct dentry *root)
>  	shmem_show_mpol(seq, sbinfo->mpol);
>  	return 0;
>  }
> +
> +#define MFD_NAME_PREFIX "memfd:"
> +#define MFD_NAME_PREFIX_LEN (sizeof(MFD_NAME_PREFIX) - 1)
> +#define MFD_NAME_MAX_LEN (NAME_MAX - MFD_NAME_PREFIX_LEN)
> +
> +#define MFD_ALL_FLAGS (MFD_CLOEXEC | MFD_ALLOW_SEALING)
> +
> +SYSCALL_DEFINE2(memfd_create,
> +		const char __user *, uname,
> +		unsigned int, flags)
> +{
> +	struct shmem_inode_info *info;
> +	struct file *file;
> +	int fd, error;
> +	char *name;
> +	long len;
> +
> +	if (flags & ~(unsigned int)MFD_ALL_FLAGS)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	/* length includes terminating zero */
> +	len = strnlen_user(uname, MFD_NAME_MAX_LEN + 1);
> +	if (len <= 0)
> +		return -EFAULT;
> +	if (len > MFD_NAME_MAX_LEN + 1)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	name = kmalloc(len + MFD_NAME_PREFIX_LEN, GFP_TEMPORARY);
> +	if (!name)
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	strcpy(name, MFD_NAME_PREFIX);
> +	if (copy_from_user(&name[MFD_NAME_PREFIX_LEN], uname, len)) {
> +		error = -EFAULT;
> +		goto err_name;
> +	}
> +
> +	/* terminating-zero may have changed after strnlen_user() returned */
> +	if (name[len + MFD_NAME_PREFIX_LEN - 1]) {
> +		error = -EFAULT;
> +		goto err_name;
> +	}
> +
> +	fd = get_unused_fd_flags((flags & MFD_CLOEXEC) ? O_CLOEXEC : 0);
> +	if (fd < 0) {
> +		error = fd;
> +		goto err_name;
> +	}
> +
> +	file = shmem_file_setup(name, 0, VM_NORESERVE);
> +	if (IS_ERR(file)) {
> +		error = PTR_ERR(file);
> +		goto err_fd;
> +	}
> +	info = SHMEM_I(file_inode(file));
> +	file->f_mode |= FMODE_LSEEK | FMODE_PREAD | FMODE_PWRITE;
> +	file->f_flags |= O_RDWR | O_LARGEFILE;
> +	if (flags & MFD_ALLOW_SEALING)
> +		info->seals &= ~F_SEAL_SEAL;
> +
> +	fd_install(fd, file);
> +	kfree(name);
> +	return fd;
> +
> +err_fd:
> +	put_unused_fd(fd);
> +err_name:
> +	kfree(name);
> +	return error;
> +}
> +
>  #endif /* CONFIG_TMPFS */
>  
>  static void shmem_put_super(struct super_block *sb)
> -- 
> 2.0.2
> 
> 
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