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Date:	Mon, 11 Aug 2014 10:49:24 -0400
From:	Don Zickus <>
	LKML <>,
	chai wen <>,
	Don Zickus <>
Subject: [PATCH 2/5] softlockup: make detector be aware of task switch of processes hogging cpu

From: chai wen <>

For now, soft lockup detector warns once for each case of process softlockup.
But the thread 'watchdog/n' may not always get the cpu at the time slot between
the task switch of two processes hogging that cpu to reset soft_watchdog_warn.

An example would be two processes hogging the cpu.  Process A causes the
softlockup warning and is killed manually by a user.  Process B immediately
becomes the new process hogging the cpu preventing the softlockup code from
resetting the soft_watchdog_warn variable.

This case is a false negative of "warn only once for a process", as there may
be a different process that is going to hog the cpu.  Resolve this by
saving/checking the pid of the hogging process and use that to reset
soft_watchdog_warn too.

Signed-off-by: chai wen <>
[modified the comment and changelog to be more specific]
Signed-off-by: Don Zickus <>
 kernel/watchdog.c |   20 ++++++++++++++++++--
 1 files changed, 18 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/watchdog.c b/kernel/watchdog.c
index 4c2e11c..6d0a891 100644
--- a/kernel/watchdog.c
+++ b/kernel/watchdog.c
@@ -42,6 +42,7 @@ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(bool, softlockup_touch_sync);
 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(bool, soft_watchdog_warn);
 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, hrtimer_interrupts);
 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, soft_lockup_hrtimer_cnt);
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(pid_t, softlockup_warn_pid_saved);
 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(bool, hard_watchdog_warn);
 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(bool, watchdog_nmi_touch);
@@ -317,6 +318,8 @@ static enum hrtimer_restart watchdog_timer_fn(struct hrtimer *hrtimer)
 	duration = is_softlockup(touch_ts);
 	if (unlikely(duration)) {
+		pid_t pid = task_pid_nr(current);
 		 * If a virtual machine is stopped by the host it can look to
 		 * the watchdog like a soft lockup, check to see if the host
@@ -326,8 +329,20 @@ static enum hrtimer_restart watchdog_timer_fn(struct hrtimer *hrtimer)
 		/* only warn once */
-		if (__this_cpu_read(soft_watchdog_warn) == true)
+		if (__this_cpu_read(soft_watchdog_warn) == true) {
+			/*
+			 * Handle the case where multiple processes are
+			 * causing softlockups but the duration is small
+			 * enough, the softlockup detector can not reset
+			 * itself in time.  Use pids to detect this.
+			 */
+			if (__this_cpu_read(softlockup_warn_pid_saved) != pid) {
+				__this_cpu_write(soft_watchdog_warn, false);
+				__touch_watchdog();
+			}
+		}
 		if (softlockup_all_cpu_backtrace) {
 			/* Prevent multiple soft-lockup reports if one cpu is already
@@ -342,7 +357,8 @@ static enum hrtimer_restart watchdog_timer_fn(struct hrtimer *hrtimer)
 		printk(KERN_EMERG "BUG: soft lockup - CPU#%d stuck for %us! [%s:%d]\n",
 			smp_processor_id(), duration,
-			current->comm, task_pid_nr(current));
+			current->comm, pid);
+		__this_cpu_write(softlockup_warn_pid_saved, pid);
 		if (regs)

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