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Date:	Mon, 11 Aug 2014 15:48:53 -0700
From:	"Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>
To:	linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Cc:	mingo@...nel.org, laijs@...fujitsu.com, dipankar@...ibm.com,
	akpm@...ux-foundation.org, mathieu.desnoyers@...icios.com,
	josh@...htriplett.org, tglx@...utronix.de, peterz@...radead.org,
	rostedt@...dmis.org, dhowells@...hat.com, edumazet@...gle.com,
	dvhart@...ux.intel.com, fweisbec@...il.com, oleg@...hat.com,
	bobby.prani@...il.com,
	"Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>
Subject: [PATCH v5 tip/core/rcu 04/16] rcu: Make TASKS_RCU handle tasks that are almost done exiting

From: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>

Once a task has passed exit_notify() in the do_exit() code path, it
is no longer on the task lists, and is therefore no longer visible
to rcu_tasks_kthread().  This means that an almost-exited task might
be preempted while within a trampoline, and this task won't be waited
on by rcu_tasks_kthread().  This commit fixes this bug by adding an
srcu_struct.  An exiting task does srcu_read_lock() just before calling
exit_notify(), and does the corresponding srcu_read_unlock() after
doing the final preempt_disable().  This means that rcu_tasks_kthread()
can do synchronize_srcu() to wait for all mostly-exited tasks to reach
their final preempt_disable() region, and then use synchronize_sched()
to wait for those tasks to finish exiting.

Reported-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@...hat.com>
Suggested-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@...fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
 include/linux/rcupdate.h |  3 +++
 kernel/exit.c            |  3 +++
 kernel/rcu/update.c      | 21 +++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 27 insertions(+)

diff --git a/include/linux/rcupdate.h b/include/linux/rcupdate.h
index 1f073af940a5..e6aea256ad39 100644
--- a/include/linux/rcupdate.h
+++ b/include/linux/rcupdate.h
@@ -321,6 +321,8 @@ static inline void rcu_user_hooks_switch(struct task_struct *prev,
  * macro rather than an inline function to avoid #include hell.
  */
 #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU
+#define TASKS_RCU(x) x
+extern struct srcu_struct tasks_rcu_exit_srcu;
 #define rcu_note_voluntary_context_switch(t) \
 	do { \
 		preempt_disable(); /* Exclude synchronize_sched(); */ \
@@ -329,6 +331,7 @@ static inline void rcu_user_hooks_switch(struct task_struct *prev,
 		preempt_enable(); \
 	} while (0)
 #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU */
+#define TASKS_RCU(x) do { } while (0)
 #define rcu_note_voluntary_context_switch(t)	do { } while (0)
 #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU */
 
diff --git a/kernel/exit.c b/kernel/exit.c
index e5c4668f1799..b63823876afc 100644
--- a/kernel/exit.c
+++ b/kernel/exit.c
@@ -663,6 +663,7 @@ void do_exit(long code)
 {
 	struct task_struct *tsk = current;
 	int group_dead;
+	TASKS_RCU(int tasks_rcu_i);
 
 	profile_task_exit(tsk);
 
@@ -772,6 +773,7 @@ void do_exit(long code)
 	 */
 	flush_ptrace_hw_breakpoint(tsk);
 
+	TASKS_RCU(tasks_rcu_i = __srcu_read_lock(&tasks_rcu_exit_srcu));
 	exit_notify(tsk, group_dead);
 	proc_exit_connector(tsk);
 #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
@@ -811,6 +813,7 @@ void do_exit(long code)
 	if (tsk->nr_dirtied)
 		__this_cpu_add(dirty_throttle_leaks, tsk->nr_dirtied);
 	exit_rcu();
+	TASKS_RCU(__srcu_read_unlock(&tasks_rcu_exit_srcu, tasks_rcu_i));
 
 	/*
 	 * The setting of TASK_RUNNING by try_to_wake_up() may be delayed
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/update.c b/kernel/rcu/update.c
index d6fa54befa22..4cece6e886ee 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/update.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/update.c
@@ -370,6 +370,13 @@ static struct rcu_head *rcu_tasks_cbs_head;
 static struct rcu_head **rcu_tasks_cbs_tail = &rcu_tasks_cbs_head;
 static DEFINE_RAW_SPINLOCK(rcu_tasks_cbs_lock);
 
+/* Track exiting tasks in order to allow them to be waited for. */
+DEFINE_SRCU(tasks_rcu_exit_srcu);
+
+/* Control stall timeouts.  Disable with <= 0, otherwise jiffies till stall. */
+static int rcu_task_stall_timeout __read_mostly = HZ * 60 * 3;
+module_param(rcu_task_stall_timeout, int, 0644);
+
 /* Post an RCU-tasks callback. */
 void call_rcu_tasks(struct rcu_head *rhp, void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rhp))
 {
@@ -521,6 +528,15 @@ static int __noreturn rcu_tasks_kthread(void *arg)
 		rcu_read_unlock();
 
 		/*
+		 * Wait for tasks that are in the process of exiting.
+		 * This does only part of the job, ensuring that all
+		 * tasks that were previously exiting reach the point
+		 * where they have disabled preemption, allowing the
+		 * later synchronize_sched() to finish the job.
+		 */
+		synchronize_srcu(&tasks_rcu_exit_srcu);
+
+		/*
 		 * Each pass through the following loop scans the list
 		 * of holdout tasks, removing any that are no longer
 		 * holdouts.  When the list is empty, we are done.
@@ -549,6 +565,11 @@ static int __noreturn rcu_tasks_kthread(void *arg)
 		 * ->rcu_tasks_holdout accesses to be within the grace
 		 * period, avoiding the need for memory barriers for
 		 * ->rcu_tasks_holdout accesses.
+		 *
+		 * In addition, this synchronize_sched() waits for exiting
+		 * tasks to complete their final preempt_disable() region
+		 * of execution, cleaning up after the synchronize_srcu()
+		 * above.
 		 */
 		synchronize_sched();
 
-- 
1.8.1.5

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