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Date:	Mon, 11 Aug 2014 08:19:44 +0300
From:	Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@...ux.intel.com>
To:	Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@...llo.nl>
Cc:	Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
	Robert Richter <rric@...nel.org>,
	Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@...il.com>,
	Mike Galbraith <efault@....de>,
	Paul Mackerras <paulus@...ba.org>,
	Stephane Eranian <eranian@...gle.com>,
	Andi Kleen <ak@...ux.intel.com>, kan.liang@...el.com,
	Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@...ux.intel.com>
Subject: [PATCH v3 15/23] x86: perf: intel_pt: Intel PT PMU driver

Add support for Intel Processor Trace (PT) to kernel's perf events.
PT is an extension of Intel Architecture that collects information about
software execuction such as control flow, execution modes and timings and
formats it into highly compressed binary packets. Even being compressed,
these packets are generated at hundreds of megabytes per second per core,
which makes it impractical to decode them on the fly in the kernel.

This driver exports trace data by through AUX space in the perf ring
buffer, which is zero-copy mapped into userspace for faster data retrieval.

Signed-off-by: Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@...ux.intel.com>
---
 arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/msr-index.h     |  18 +
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/Makefile              |   1 +
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel_pt.h            | 129 ++++
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.h          |   2 +
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel.c    |   8 +
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel_pt.c | 952 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 6 files changed, 1110 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel_pt.h
 create mode 100644 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel_pt.c

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/msr-index.h b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/msr-index.h
index fcf2b3ae1b..b34434e652 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/msr-index.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/msr-index.h
@@ -74,6 +74,24 @@
 #define MSR_IA32_PERF_CAPABILITIES	0x00000345
 #define MSR_PEBS_LD_LAT_THRESHOLD	0x000003f6
 
+#define MSR_IA32_RTIT_CTL		0x00000570
+#define RTIT_CTL_TRACEEN		BIT(0)
+#define RTIT_CTL_OS			BIT(2)
+#define RTIT_CTL_USR			BIT(3)
+#define RTIT_CTL_CR3EN			BIT(7)
+#define RTIT_CTL_TOPA			BIT(8)
+#define RTIT_CTL_TSC_EN			BIT(10)
+#define RTIT_CTL_DISRETC		BIT(11)
+#define RTIT_CTL_BRANCH_EN		BIT(13)
+#define MSR_IA32_RTIT_STATUS		0x00000571
+#define RTIT_STATUS_CONTEXTEN		BIT(1)
+#define RTIT_STATUS_TRIGGEREN		BIT(2)
+#define RTIT_STATUS_ERROR		BIT(4)
+#define RTIT_STATUS_STOPPED		BIT(5)
+#define MSR_IA32_RTIT_CR3_MATCH		0x00000572
+#define MSR_IA32_RTIT_OUTPUT_BASE	0x00000560
+#define MSR_IA32_RTIT_OUTPUT_MASK	0x00000561
+
 #define MSR_MTRRfix64K_00000		0x00000250
 #define MSR_MTRRfix16K_80000		0x00000258
 #define MSR_MTRRfix16K_A0000		0x00000259
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/Makefile b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/Makefile
index 7fd54f09b0..f1f38e1caf 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/Makefile
@@ -37,6 +37,7 @@ endif
 obj-$(CONFIG_CPU_SUP_INTEL)		+= perf_event_p6.o perf_event_knc.o perf_event_p4.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_CPU_SUP_INTEL)		+= perf_event_intel_lbr.o perf_event_intel_ds.o perf_event_intel.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_CPU_SUP_INTEL)		+= perf_event_intel_uncore.o perf_event_intel_rapl.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_CPU_SUP_INTEL)		+= perf_event_intel_pt.o
 endif
 
 
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel_pt.h b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel_pt.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..58af62daf7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel_pt.h
@@ -0,0 +1,129 @@
+/*
+ * Intel(R) Processor Trace PMU driver for perf
+ * Copyright (c) 2013-2014, Intel Corporation.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public License,
+ * version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for
+ * more details.
+ *
+ * Intel PT is specified in the Intel Architecture Instruction Set Extensions
+ * Programming Reference:
+ * http://software.intel.com/en-us/intel-isa-extensions
+ */
+
+#ifndef __INTEL_PT_H__
+#define __INTEL_PT_H__
+
+/*
+ * Single-entry ToPA: when this close to region boundary, switch
+ * buffers to avoid losing data.
+ */
+#define TOPA_PMI_MARGIN 512
+
+/*
+ * Table of Physical Addresses bits
+ */
+enum topa_sz {
+	TOPA_4K	= 0,
+	TOPA_8K,
+	TOPA_16K,
+	TOPA_32K,
+	TOPA_64K,
+	TOPA_128K,
+	TOPA_256K,
+	TOPA_512K,
+	TOPA_1MB,
+	TOPA_2MB,
+	TOPA_4MB,
+	TOPA_8MB,
+	TOPA_16MB,
+	TOPA_32MB,
+	TOPA_64MB,
+	TOPA_128MB,
+	TOPA_SZ_END,
+};
+
+static inline unsigned int sizes(enum topa_sz tsz)
+{
+	return 1 << (tsz + 12);
+};
+
+struct topa_entry {
+	u64	end	: 1;
+	u64	rsvd0	: 1;
+	u64	intr	: 1;
+	u64	rsvd1	: 1;
+	u64	stop	: 1;
+	u64	rsvd2	: 1;
+	u64	size	: 4;
+	u64	rsvd3	: 2;
+	u64	base	: 36;
+	u64	rsvd4	: 16;
+};
+
+#define TOPA_SHIFT 12
+#define PT_CPUID_LEAVES 2
+
+enum pt_capabilities {
+	PT_CAP_max_subleaf = 0,
+	PT_CAP_cr3_filtering,
+	PT_CAP_topa_output,
+	PT_CAP_topa_multiple_entries,
+	PT_CAP_payloads_lip,
+};
+
+struct pt_pmu {
+	struct pmu		pmu;
+	u32			caps[4 * PT_CPUID_LEAVES];
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct pt_buffer - buffer configuration; one buffer per task_struct or
+ * cpu, depending on perf event configuration
+ * @tables: list of ToPA tables in this buffer
+ * @first, @last: shorthands for first and last topa tables
+ * @cur: current topa table
+ * @nr_pages: buffer size in pages
+ * @cur_idx: current output region's index within @cur table
+ * @output_off: offset within the current output region
+ * @data_size: running total of the amount of data in this buffer
+ * @lost: if data was lost/truncated
+ * @head: logical write offset inside the buffer
+ * @snapshot: if this is for a snapshot/overwrite counter
+ * @stop_pos, @intr_pos: STOP and INT topa entries in the buffer
+ * @data_pages: array of pages from perf
+ * @topa_index: table of topa entries indexed by page offset
+ */
+struct pt_buffer {
+	/* hint for allocation */
+	int			cpu;
+	/* list of ToPA tables */
+	struct list_head	tables;
+	/* top-level table */
+	struct topa		*first, *last, *cur;
+	unsigned int		cur_idx;
+	size_t			output_off;
+	unsigned long		nr_pages;
+	local_t			data_size;
+	local_t			lost;
+	local64_t		head;
+	bool			snapshot;
+	unsigned long		stop_pos, intr_pos;
+	void			**data_pages;
+	struct topa_entry	*topa_index[0];
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct pt - per-cpu pt
+ */
+struct pt {
+	raw_spinlock_t		lock;
+	struct perf_output_handle handle;
+};
+
+#endif /* __INTEL_PT_H__ */
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.h b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.h
index da07b41496..8b6e4e79fe 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.h
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.h
@@ -713,6 +713,8 @@ void intel_pmu_lbr_init_snb(void);
 
 int intel_pmu_setup_lbr_filter(struct perf_event *event);
 
+void intel_pt_interrupt(void);
+
 int p4_pmu_init(void);
 
 int p6_pmu_init(void);
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel.c
index 2502d0d9d2..16d63b91b3 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel.c
@@ -1399,6 +1399,14 @@ again:
 	}
 
 	/*
+	 * Intel PT
+	 */
+	if (__test_and_clear_bit(55, (unsigned long *)&status)) {
+		handled++;
+		intel_pt_interrupt();
+	}
+
+	/*
 	 * Checkpointed counters can lead to 'spurious' PMIs because the
 	 * rollback caused by the PMI will have cleared the overflow status
 	 * bit. Therefore always force probe these counters.
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel_pt.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel_pt.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..a8ad034e4f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel_pt.c
@@ -0,0 +1,952 @@
+/*
+ * Intel(R) Processor Trace PMU driver for perf
+ * Copyright (c) 2013-2014, Intel Corporation.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public License,
+ * version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for
+ * more details.
+ *
+ * Intel PT is specified in the Intel Architecture Instruction Set Extensions
+ * Programming Reference:
+ * http://software.intel.com/en-us/intel-isa-extensions
+ */
+
+#undef DEBUG
+
+#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/device.h>
+
+#include <asm/perf_event.h>
+#include <asm/insn.h>
+
+#include "perf_event.h"
+#include "intel_pt.h"
+
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct pt, pt_ctx) = {
+	.lock	= __RAW_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(pt_ctx.lock),
+};
+
+static struct pt_pmu pt_pmu;
+
+enum cpuid_regs {
+	CR_EAX = 0,
+	CR_ECX,
+	CR_EDX,
+	CR_EBX
+};
+
+/*
+ * Capabilities of Intel PT hardware, such as number of address bits or
+ * supported output schemes, are cached and exported to userspace as "caps"
+ * attribute group of pt pmu device
+ * (/sys/bus/event_source/devices/intel_pt/caps/) so that userspace can store
+ * relevant bits together with intel_pt traces.
+ */
+#define PT_CAP(_n, _l, _r, _m)						\
+	[PT_CAP_ ## _n] = { .name = __stringify(_n), .leaf = _l,	\
+			    .reg = _r, .mask = _m }
+
+static struct pt_cap_desc {
+	const char	*name;
+	u32		leaf;
+	u8		reg;
+	u32		mask;
+} pt_caps[] = {
+	PT_CAP(max_subleaf,		0, CR_EAX, 0xffffffff),
+	PT_CAP(cr3_filtering,		0, CR_EBX, BIT(0)),
+	PT_CAP(topa_output,		0, CR_ECX, BIT(0)),
+	PT_CAP(topa_multiple_entries,	0, CR_ECX, BIT(1)),
+	PT_CAP(payloads_lip,		0, CR_ECX, BIT(31)),
+};
+
+static u32 pt_cap_get(enum pt_capabilities cap)
+{
+	struct pt_cap_desc *cd = &pt_caps[cap];
+	u32 c = pt_pmu.caps[cd->leaf * 4 + cd->reg];
+	unsigned int shift = __ffs(cd->mask);
+
+	return (c & cd->mask) >> shift;
+}
+
+static ssize_t pt_cap_show(struct device *cdev,
+			   struct device_attribute *attr,
+			   char *buf)
+{
+	struct dev_ext_attribute *ea =
+		container_of(attr, struct dev_ext_attribute, attr);
+	enum pt_capabilities cap = (long)ea->var;
+
+	return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%x\n", pt_cap_get(cap));
+}
+
+static struct attribute_group pt_cap_group = {
+	.name	= "caps",
+};
+
+PMU_FORMAT_ATTR(tsc,		"itrace_config:10"	);
+PMU_FORMAT_ATTR(noretcomp,	"itrace_config:11"	);
+
+static struct attribute *pt_formats_attr[] = {
+	&format_attr_tsc.attr,
+	&format_attr_noretcomp.attr,
+	NULL,
+};
+
+static struct attribute_group pt_format_group = {
+	.name	= "format",
+	.attrs	= pt_formats_attr,
+};
+
+static const struct attribute_group *pt_attr_groups[] = {
+	&pt_cap_group,
+	&pt_format_group,
+	NULL,
+};
+
+static int __init pt_pmu_hw_init(void)
+{
+	struct dev_ext_attribute *de_attrs;
+	struct attribute **attrs;
+	size_t size;
+	long i;
+
+	if (test_cpu_cap(&boot_cpu_data, X86_FEATURE_INTEL_PT)) {
+		for (i = 0; i < PT_CPUID_LEAVES; i++)
+			cpuid_count(20, i,
+				    &pt_pmu.caps[CR_EAX + i * 4],
+				    &pt_pmu.caps[CR_EBX + i * 4],
+				    &pt_pmu.caps[CR_ECX + i * 4],
+				    &pt_pmu.caps[CR_EDX + i * 4]);
+	} else
+		return -ENODEV;
+
+	size = sizeof(struct attribute *) * (ARRAY_SIZE(pt_caps) + 1);
+	attrs = kzalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!attrs)
+		goto err_attrs;
+
+	size = sizeof(struct dev_ext_attribute) * (ARRAY_SIZE(pt_caps) + 1);
+	de_attrs = kzalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!de_attrs)
+		goto err_de_attrs;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(pt_caps); i++) {
+		de_attrs[i].attr.attr.name = pt_caps[i].name;
+
+		sysfs_attr_init(&de_attrs[i].attr.attr);
+		de_attrs[i].attr.attr.mode = S_IRUGO;
+		de_attrs[i].attr.show = pt_cap_show;
+		de_attrs[i].var = (void *)i;
+		attrs[i] = &de_attrs[i].attr.attr;
+	}
+
+	pt_cap_group.attrs = attrs;
+	return 0;
+
+err_de_attrs:
+	kfree(de_attrs);
+err_attrs:
+	kfree(attrs);
+
+	return -ENOMEM;
+}
+
+#define PT_CONFIG_MASK (RTIT_CTL_TSC_EN | RTIT_CTL_DISRETC)
+/* bits 57:14 are reserved for packet enables */
+#define PT_BYPASS_MASK 0x03ffffffffffc000ull
+
+static bool pt_event_valid(struct perf_event *event)
+{
+	u64 itrace_config = event->attr.itrace_config;
+
+	/* admin can set any packet generation parameters */
+	if (capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN) &&
+	    (itrace_config & PT_BYPASS_MASK) == itrace_config)
+		return true;
+
+	if ((itrace_config & PT_CONFIG_MASK) != itrace_config)
+		return false;
+
+	return true;
+}
+
+/*
+ * PT configuration helpers
+ * These all are cpu affine and operate on a local PT
+ */
+
+static bool pt_is_running(void)
+{
+	u64 ctl;
+
+	rdmsrl(MSR_IA32_RTIT_CTL, ctl);
+
+	return !!(ctl & RTIT_CTL_TRACEEN);
+}
+
+static int pt_config(struct perf_event *event)
+{
+	u64 reg;
+
+	reg = RTIT_CTL_TOPA | RTIT_CTL_BRANCH_EN;
+
+	if (!event->attr.exclude_kernel)
+		reg |= RTIT_CTL_OS;
+	if (!event->attr.exclude_user)
+		reg |= RTIT_CTL_USR;
+
+	reg |= (event->attr.itrace_config & PT_CONFIG_MASK);
+
+	wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_RTIT_CTL, reg);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void pt_config_start(bool start)
+{
+	u64 ctl;
+
+	rdmsrl(MSR_IA32_RTIT_CTL, ctl);
+	if (start)
+		ctl |= RTIT_CTL_TRACEEN;
+	else
+		ctl &= ~RTIT_CTL_TRACEEN;
+	wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_RTIT_CTL, ctl);
+}
+
+static void pt_config_buffer(void *buf, unsigned int topa_idx,
+			     unsigned int output_off)
+{
+	u64 reg;
+
+	wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_RTIT_OUTPUT_BASE, virt_to_phys(buf));
+
+	reg = 0x7f | ((u64)topa_idx << 7) | ((u64)output_off << 32);
+
+	wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_RTIT_OUTPUT_MASK, reg);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Keep ToPA table-related metadata on the same page as the actual table,
+ * taking up a few words from the top
+ */
+
+#define TENTS_PER_PAGE (((PAGE_SIZE - 40) / sizeof(struct topa_entry)) - 1)
+
+struct topa {
+	struct topa_entry	table[TENTS_PER_PAGE];
+	struct list_head	list;
+	u64			phys;
+	u64			offset;
+	size_t			size;
+	int			last;
+};
+
+/* make negative table index stand for the last table entry */
+#define TOPA_ENTRY(t, i) ((i) == -1 ? &(t)->table[(t)->last] : &(t)->table[(i)])
+
+/*
+ * allocate page-sized ToPA table
+ */
+static struct topa *topa_alloc(int cpu, gfp_t gfp)
+{
+	int node = cpu_to_node(cpu);
+	struct topa *topa;
+	struct page *p;
+
+	p = alloc_pages_node(node, gfp | __GFP_ZERO, 0);
+	if (!p)
+		return NULL;
+
+	topa = page_address(p);
+	topa->last = 0;
+	topa->phys = page_to_phys(p);
+
+	/*
+	 * In case of singe-entry ToPA, always put the self-referencing END
+	 * link as the 2nd entry in the table
+	 */
+	if (!pt_cap_get(PT_CAP_topa_multiple_entries)) {
+		TOPA_ENTRY(topa, 1)->base = topa->phys >> TOPA_SHIFT;
+		TOPA_ENTRY(topa, 1)->end = 1;
+	}
+
+	return topa;
+}
+
+static void topa_free(struct topa *topa)
+{
+	free_page((unsigned long)topa);
+}
+
+/**
+ * topa_insert_table - insert a ToPA table into a buffer
+ * @buf - pt buffer that's being extended
+ * @topa - new topa table to be inserted
+ *
+ * If it's the first table in this buffer, set up buffer's pointers
+ * accordingly; otherwise, add a END=1 link entry to @topa to the current
+ * "last" table and adjust the last table pointer to @topa.
+ */
+static void topa_insert_table(struct pt_buffer *buf, struct topa *topa)
+{
+	struct topa *last = buf->last;
+
+	list_add_tail(&topa->list, &buf->tables);
+
+	if (!buf->first) {
+		buf->first = buf->last = buf->cur = topa;
+		return;
+	}
+
+	topa->offset = last->offset + last->size;
+	buf->last = topa;
+
+	if (!pt_cap_get(PT_CAP_topa_multiple_entries))
+		return;
+
+	BUG_ON(last->last != TENTS_PER_PAGE - 1);
+
+	TOPA_ENTRY(last, -1)->base = topa->phys >> TOPA_SHIFT;
+	TOPA_ENTRY(last, -1)->end = 1;
+}
+
+static bool topa_table_full(struct topa *topa)
+{
+	/* single-entry ToPA is a special case */
+	if (!pt_cap_get(PT_CAP_topa_multiple_entries))
+		return !!topa->last;
+
+	return topa->last == TENTS_PER_PAGE - 1;
+}
+
+static int topa_insert_pages(struct pt_buffer *buf, gfp_t gfp)
+{
+	struct topa *topa = buf->last;
+	int order = 0;
+	struct page *p;
+
+	p = virt_to_page(buf->data_pages[buf->nr_pages]);
+	if (PagePrivate(p))
+		order = page_private(p);
+
+	if (topa_table_full(topa)) {
+		topa = topa_alloc(buf->cpu, gfp);
+		if (!topa)
+			return -ENOMEM;
+
+		topa_insert_table(buf, topa);
+	}
+
+	TOPA_ENTRY(topa, -1)->base = page_to_phys(p) >> TOPA_SHIFT;
+	TOPA_ENTRY(topa, -1)->size = order;
+	if (!buf->snapshot && !pt_cap_get(PT_CAP_topa_multiple_entries)) {
+		TOPA_ENTRY(topa, -1)->intr = 1;
+		TOPA_ENTRY(topa, -1)->stop = 1;
+	}
+
+	topa->last++;
+	topa->size += sizes(order);
+
+	buf->nr_pages += 1ul << order;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void pt_topa_dump(struct pt_buffer *buf)
+{
+	struct topa *topa;
+
+	list_for_each_entry(topa, &buf->tables, list) {
+		int i;
+
+		pr_debug("# table @%p (%p), off %llx size %zx\n", topa->table,
+			 (void *)topa->phys, topa->offset, topa->size);
+		for (i = 0; i < TENTS_PER_PAGE; i++) {
+			pr_debug("# entry @%p (%lx sz %u %c%c%c) raw=%16llx\n",
+				 &topa->table[i],
+				 (unsigned long)topa->table[i].base << TOPA_SHIFT,
+				 sizes(topa->table[i].size),
+				 topa->table[i].end ?  'E' : ' ',
+				 topa->table[i].intr ? 'I' : ' ',
+				 topa->table[i].stop ? 'S' : ' ',
+				 *(u64 *)&topa->table[i]);
+			if ((pt_cap_get(PT_CAP_topa_multiple_entries)
+			     && topa->table[i].stop)
+			    || topa->table[i].end)
+				break;
+		}
+	}
+}
+
+/* advance to the next output region */
+static void pt_buffer_advance(struct pt_buffer *buf)
+{
+	buf->output_off = 0;
+	buf->cur_idx++;
+
+	if (buf->cur_idx == buf->cur->last) {
+		if (buf->cur == buf->last)
+			buf->cur = buf->first;
+		else
+			buf->cur = list_entry(buf->cur->list.next, struct topa,
+					      list);
+		buf->cur_idx = 0;
+	}
+}
+
+static void pt_update_head(struct pt *pt)
+{
+	struct pt_buffer *buf = perf_get_aux(&pt->handle);
+	u64 topa_idx, base, old;
+
+	/* offset of the first region in this table from the beginning of buf */
+	base = buf->cur->offset + buf->output_off;
+
+	/* offset of the current output region within this table */
+	for (topa_idx = 0; topa_idx < buf->cur_idx; topa_idx++)
+		base += sizes(buf->cur->table[topa_idx].size);
+
+	if (buf->snapshot) {
+		local_set(&buf->data_size, base);
+	} else {
+		old = (local64_xchg(&buf->head, base) &
+		       ((buf->nr_pages << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1));
+		if (base < old)
+			base += buf->nr_pages << PAGE_SHIFT;
+
+		local_add(base - old, &buf->data_size);
+	}
+}
+
+static void *pt_buffer_region(struct pt_buffer *buf)
+{
+	return phys_to_virt(buf->cur->table[buf->cur_idx].base << TOPA_SHIFT);
+}
+
+static size_t pt_buffer_region_size(struct pt_buffer *buf)
+{
+	return sizes(buf->cur->table[buf->cur_idx].size);
+}
+
+/**
+ * pt_handle_status - take care of possible status conditions
+ * @pt: per-cpu pt handle
+ */
+static void pt_handle_status(struct pt *pt)
+{
+	struct pt_buffer *buf = perf_get_aux(&pt->handle);
+	int advance = 0;
+	u64 status;
+
+	rdmsrl(MSR_IA32_RTIT_STATUS, status);
+
+	if (status & RTIT_STATUS_ERROR) {
+		pr_err_ratelimited("ToPA ERROR encountered, trying to recover\n");
+		pt_topa_dump(buf);
+		status &= ~RTIT_STATUS_ERROR;
+		wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_RTIT_STATUS, status);
+	}
+
+	if (status & RTIT_STATUS_STOPPED) {
+		status &= ~RTIT_STATUS_STOPPED;
+		wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_RTIT_STATUS, status);
+
+		/*
+		 * On systems that only do single-entry ToPA, hitting STOP
+		 * means we are already losing data; need to let the decoder
+		 * know.
+		 */
+		if (!pt_cap_get(PT_CAP_topa_multiple_entries) ||
+		    buf->output_off == sizes(TOPA_ENTRY(buf->cur, buf->cur_idx)->size)) {
+			local_inc(&buf->lost);
+			advance++;
+		}
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Also on single-entry ToPA implementations, interrupt will come
+	 * before the output reaches its output region's boundary.
+	 */
+	if (!pt_cap_get(PT_CAP_topa_multiple_entries) && !buf->snapshot &&
+	    pt_buffer_region_size(buf) - buf->output_off <= TOPA_PMI_MARGIN) {
+		void *head = pt_buffer_region(buf);
+
+		/* everything within this margin needs to be zeroed out */
+		memset(head + buf->output_off, 0,
+		       pt_buffer_region_size(buf) -
+		       buf->output_off);
+		advance++;
+	}
+
+	if (advance)
+		pt_buffer_advance(buf);
+}
+
+static void pt_read_offset(struct pt_buffer *buf)
+{
+	u64 offset, base_topa;
+
+	rdmsrl(MSR_IA32_RTIT_OUTPUT_BASE, base_topa);
+	buf->cur = phys_to_virt(base_topa);
+
+	rdmsrl(MSR_IA32_RTIT_OUTPUT_MASK, offset);
+	/* offset within current output region */
+	buf->output_off = offset >> 32;
+	/* index of current output region within this table */
+	buf->cur_idx = (offset & 0xffffff80) >> 7;
+}
+
+/**
+ * pt_buffer_fini_topa() - deallocate ToPA structure of a buffer
+ * @buf: pt buffer
+ */
+static void pt_buffer_fini_topa(struct pt_buffer *buf)
+{
+	struct topa *topa, *iter;
+
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(topa, iter, &buf->tables, list) {
+		list_del(&topa->list);
+		topa_free(topa);
+	}
+}
+
+static unsigned int pt_topa_next_entry(struct pt_buffer *buf, unsigned int pg)
+{
+	struct topa_entry *te = buf->topa_index[pg];
+
+	if (buf->first == buf->last && buf->first->last == 1)
+		return pg;
+
+	do {
+		pg++;
+		pg &= buf->nr_pages - 1;
+	} while (buf->topa_index[pg] == te);
+
+	return pg;
+}
+
+static void pt_buffer_reset_markers(struct pt_buffer *buf, unsigned long off)
+
+{
+	unsigned long idx, npages, end;
+
+	if (buf->snapshot)
+		return;
+
+	/* single entry ToPA is handled by marking all regions STOP=1 INT=1 */
+	if (!pt_cap_get(PT_CAP_topa_multiple_entries))
+		return;
+
+	/* clear STOP and INT from current entry */
+	buf->topa_index[buf->stop_pos]->stop = 0;
+	buf->topa_index[buf->intr_pos]->intr = 0;
+
+	if (pt_cap_get(PT_CAP_topa_multiple_entries)) {
+		npages = (off + 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+		end = (local64_read(&buf->head) >> PAGE_SHIFT) + npages;
+		idx = end & (buf->nr_pages - 1);
+		buf->stop_pos = idx;
+		idx = (local64_read(&buf->head) >> PAGE_SHIFT) + npages / 2;
+		idx &= buf->nr_pages - 1;
+		buf->intr_pos = idx;
+	}
+
+	buf->topa_index[buf->stop_pos]->stop = 1;
+	buf->topa_index[buf->intr_pos]->intr = 1;
+}
+
+static void pt_buffer_setup_topa_index(struct pt_buffer *buf)
+{
+	struct topa *cur = buf->first, *prev = buf->last;
+	struct topa_entry *te_cur = TOPA_ENTRY(cur, 0),
+		*te_prev = TOPA_ENTRY(prev, prev->last - 1);
+	int pg = 0, idx = 0, ntopa = 0;
+
+	while (pg < buf->nr_pages) {
+		int tidx;
+
+		/* pages within one topa entry */
+		for (tidx = 0; tidx < 1 << te_cur->size; tidx++, pg++)
+			buf->topa_index[pg] = te_prev;
+
+		te_prev = te_cur;
+
+		if (idx == cur->last - 1) {
+			/* advance to next topa table */
+			idx = 0;
+			cur = list_entry(cur->list.next, struct topa, list);
+			ntopa++;
+		} else
+			idx++;
+		te_cur = TOPA_ENTRY(cur, idx);
+	}
+
+}
+
+static void pt_buffer_reset_offsets(struct pt_buffer *buf, unsigned long head)
+{
+	int pg;
+
+	if (buf->snapshot)
+		head &= (buf->nr_pages << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1;
+
+	pg = (head >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (buf->nr_pages - 1);
+	pg = pt_topa_next_entry(buf, pg);
+
+	buf->cur = (struct topa *)((unsigned long)buf->topa_index[pg] & PAGE_MASK);
+	buf->cur_idx = ((unsigned long)buf->topa_index[pg] -
+			(unsigned long)buf->cur) / sizeof(struct topa_entry);
+	buf->output_off = head & (sizes(buf->cur->table[buf->cur_idx].size) - 1);
+
+	local64_set(&buf->head, head);
+	local_set(&buf->data_size, 0);
+}
+
+/**
+ * pt_buffer_init_topa() - initialize ToPA table for pt buffer
+ * @buf: pt buffer
+ * @size: total size of all regions within this ToPA
+ * @gfp: allocation flags
+ */
+static int pt_buffer_init_topa(struct pt_buffer *buf, unsigned long nr_pages,
+			       gfp_t gfp)
+{
+	struct topa *topa;
+	int err;
+
+	topa = topa_alloc(buf->cpu, gfp);
+	if (!topa)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	topa_insert_table(buf, topa);
+
+	while (buf->nr_pages < nr_pages) {
+		err = topa_insert_pages(buf, gfp);
+		if (err) {
+			pt_buffer_fini_topa(buf);
+			return -ENOMEM;
+		}
+	}
+
+	pt_buffer_setup_topa_index(buf);
+
+	/* link last table to the first one, unless we're double buffering */
+	if (pt_cap_get(PT_CAP_topa_multiple_entries)) {
+		TOPA_ENTRY(buf->last, -1)->base = buf->first->phys >> TOPA_SHIFT;
+		TOPA_ENTRY(buf->last, -1)->end = 1;
+	}
+
+	pt_topa_dump(buf);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * pt_buffer_setup_aux() - set up topa tables for a PT buffer
+ * @cpu: cpu on which to allocate, -1 means current
+ * @pages: array of pointers to buffer pages passed from perf core
+ * @nr_pages: number of pages in the buffer
+ * @snapshot: if this is a snapshot/overwrite counter
+ */
+static void *
+pt_buffer_setup_aux(int cpu, void **pages, int nr_pages, bool snapshot)
+{
+	struct pt_buffer *buf;
+	int node, ret;
+
+	if (!nr_pages)
+		return NULL;
+
+	if (cpu == -1)
+		cpu = raw_smp_processor_id();
+	node = cpu_to_node(cpu);
+
+	buf = kzalloc_node(offsetof(struct pt_buffer, topa_index[nr_pages]),
+			   GFP_KERNEL, node);
+	if (!buf)
+		return NULL;
+
+	buf->cpu = cpu;
+	buf->snapshot = snapshot;
+	buf->data_pages = pages;
+
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&buf->tables);
+
+	ret = pt_buffer_init_topa(buf, nr_pages, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (ret) {
+		kfree(buf);
+		return NULL;
+	}
+
+	return buf;
+}
+
+/**
+ * pt_buffer_free() - dispose of pt buffer
+ * @data: pt buffer
+ */
+static void pt_buffer_free_aux(void *data)
+{
+	struct pt_buffer *buf = data;
+
+	pt_buffer_fini_topa(buf);
+
+	kfree(buf);
+}
+
+/**
+ * pt_buffer_is_full - check if the buffer is full
+ * @buf: pt buffer
+ * @pt: per-cpu pt handle
+ * If the user hasn't read data from the output region that aux_head
+ * points to, the buffer is considered full: the user needs to read at
+ * least this region and update aux_tail to point past it.
+ */
+static bool pt_buffer_is_full(struct pt_buffer *buf, struct pt *pt)
+{
+	if (buf->snapshot)
+		return false;
+
+	if (local_read(&buf->data_size) >= pt->handle.size)
+		return true;
+
+	return false;
+}
+
+void intel_pt_interrupt(void)
+{
+	struct pt *pt = this_cpu_ptr(&pt_ctx);
+	struct pt_buffer *buf;
+	struct perf_event *event = pt->handle.event;
+
+	pt_config_start(false);
+
+	if (!event)
+		return;
+
+	buf = perf_get_aux(&pt->handle);
+	if (!buf)
+		return;
+
+	pt_read_offset(buf);
+
+	pt_handle_status(pt);
+
+	pt_update_head(pt);
+
+	perf_aux_output_end(&pt->handle, local_xchg(&buf->data_size, 0),
+			    local_xchg(&buf->lost, 0));
+
+	if (!event->hw.state) {
+		int ret = pt_config(event);
+
+		if (ret) {
+			event->hw.state = PERF_HES_STOPPED;
+			return;
+		}
+
+		buf = perf_aux_output_begin(&pt->handle, event);
+		if (!buf) {
+			event->hw.state = PERF_HES_STOPPED;
+			return;
+		}
+
+		pt_buffer_reset_offsets(buf, pt->handle.head);
+		pt_buffer_reset_markers(buf, pt->handle.size);
+		pt_config_buffer(buf->cur->table, buf->cur_idx,
+				 buf->output_off);
+		wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_RTIT_STATUS, 0);
+		pt_config_start(true);
+	}
+}
+
+static void pt_event_start(struct perf_event *event, int mode)
+{
+	struct pt *pt = this_cpu_ptr(&pt_ctx);
+	struct pt_buffer *buf = perf_get_aux(&pt->handle);
+
+	if (pt_is_running() || !buf || pt_buffer_is_full(buf, pt) ||
+	    pt_config(event)) {
+		event->hw.state = PERF_HES_STOPPED;
+		return;
+	}
+
+	event->hw.state = 0;
+
+	pt_config_buffer(buf->cur->table, buf->cur_idx,
+			 buf->output_off);
+	wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_RTIT_STATUS, 0);
+	pt_config_start(true);
+}
+
+static void pt_event_stop(struct perf_event *event, int mode)
+{
+	if (event->hw.state == PERF_HES_STOPPED)
+		return;
+
+	event->hw.state = PERF_HES_STOPPED;
+
+	pt_config_start(false);
+
+	if (mode & PERF_EF_UPDATE) {
+		struct pt *pt = this_cpu_ptr(&pt_ctx);
+		struct pt_buffer *buf = perf_get_aux(&pt->handle);
+
+		if (!buf || !pt->handle.event)
+			return;
+
+		if (WARN_ON_ONCE(pt->handle.event != event))
+			return;
+		pt_read_offset(buf);
+
+		pt_handle_status(pt);
+
+		pt_update_head(pt);
+	}
+}
+
+static void pt_event_del(struct perf_event *event, int mode)
+{
+	struct pt *pt = this_cpu_ptr(&pt_ctx);
+	struct pt_buffer *buf = perf_get_aux(&pt->handle);
+	struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc = &__get_cpu_var(cpu_hw_events);
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	pt_event_stop(event, PERF_EF_UPDATE);
+
+	cpuc->pt_enabled = 0;
+
+	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&pt->lock, flags);
+	if (pt->handle.event)
+		perf_aux_output_end(&pt->handle, local_xchg(&buf->data_size, 0),
+				    local_xchg(&buf->lost, 0));
+	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pt->lock, flags);
+}
+
+static int pt_event_add(struct perf_event *event, int mode)
+{
+	struct pt_buffer *buf;
+	struct pt *pt = this_cpu_ptr(&pt_ctx);
+	struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
+	struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc = &__get_cpu_var(cpu_hw_events);
+	unsigned long flags;
+	int ret = -EBUSY;
+
+	if (cpuc->lbr_users || cpuc->bts_enabled)
+		goto out;
+
+	ret = pt_config(event);
+	if (ret)
+		goto out;
+
+	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&pt->lock, flags);
+	if (pt->handle.event) {
+		raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pt->lock, flags);
+		ret = -EBUSY;
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	buf = perf_aux_output_begin(&pt->handle, event);
+	if (!buf) {
+		raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pt->lock, flags);
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	pt_buffer_reset_offsets(buf, pt->handle.head);
+	if (!buf->snapshot)
+		pt_buffer_reset_markers(buf, pt->handle.size);
+
+	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pt->lock, flags);
+
+	if (mode & PERF_EF_START) {
+		pt_event_start(event, 0);
+		if (hwc->state == PERF_HES_STOPPED) {
+			pt_event_del(event, 0);
+			ret = -EBUSY;
+		}
+	} else {
+		hwc->state = PERF_HES_STOPPED;
+	}
+
+out:
+
+	if (ret)
+		hwc->state = PERF_HES_STOPPED;
+	else
+		cpuc->pt_enabled = 1;
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static void pt_event_read(struct perf_event *event)
+{
+}
+
+static int pt_event_init(struct perf_event *event)
+{
+	if (event->attr.type != pt_pmu.pmu.type)
+		return -ENOENT;
+
+	if (!pt_event_valid(event))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static __init int pt_init(void)
+{
+	int ret, cpu, prior_warn = 0;
+
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct topa) > PAGE_SIZE);
+	get_online_cpus();
+	for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
+		u64 ctl;
+
+		ret = rdmsrl_safe_on_cpu(cpu, MSR_IA32_RTIT_CTL, &ctl);
+		if (!ret && (ctl & RTIT_CTL_TRACEEN))
+			prior_warn++;
+	}
+	put_online_cpus();
+
+	ret = pt_pmu_hw_init();
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	if (!pt_cap_get(PT_CAP_topa_output)) {
+		pr_warn("ToPA output is not supported on this CPU\n");
+		return -ENODEV;
+	}
+
+	if (prior_warn)
+		pr_warn("PT is enabled at boot time, traces may be empty\n");
+
+	if (!pt_cap_get(PT_CAP_topa_multiple_entries))
+		pt_pmu.pmu.capabilities =
+			PERF_PMU_CAP_AUX_NO_SG | PERF_PMU_CAP_AUX_SW_DOUBLEBUF;
+
+	pt_pmu.pmu.capabilities	|= PERF_PMU_CAP_EXCLUSIVE | PERF_PMU_CAP_ITRACE;
+	pt_pmu.pmu.attr_groups	= pt_attr_groups;
+	pt_pmu.pmu.task_ctx_nr	= perf_hw_context;
+	pt_pmu.pmu.event_init	= pt_event_init;
+	pt_pmu.pmu.add		= pt_event_add;
+	pt_pmu.pmu.del		= pt_event_del;
+	pt_pmu.pmu.start	= pt_event_start;
+	pt_pmu.pmu.stop		= pt_event_stop;
+	pt_pmu.pmu.read		= pt_event_read;
+	pt_pmu.pmu.setup_aux	= pt_buffer_setup_aux;
+	pt_pmu.pmu.free_aux	= pt_buffer_free_aux;
+	ret = perf_pmu_register(&pt_pmu.pmu, "intel_pt", -1);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+module_init(pt_init);
-- 
2.1.0.rc1

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