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Date:	Sat, 23 Aug 2014 21:43:04 -0400
From:	Peter Feiner <pfeiner@...gle.com>
To:	linux-mm@...ck.org
Cc:	linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, Peter Feiner <pfeiner@...gle.com>,
	"Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@...temov.name>,
	Cyrill Gorcunov <gorcunov@...nvz.org>,
	Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@...allels.com>,
	Jamie Liu <jamieliu@...gle.com>,
	Hugh Dickins <hughd@...gle.com>,
	Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@...jp.nec.com>,
	Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>
Subject: [PATCH v3] mm: softdirty: enable write notifications on VMAs after VM_SOFTDIRTY cleared

For VMAs that don't want write notifications, PTEs created for read
faults have their write bit set. If the read fault happens after
VM_SOFTDIRTY is cleared, then the PTE's softdirty bit will remain
clear after subsequent writes.

Here's a simple code snippet to demonstrate the bug:

  char* m = mmap(NULL, getpagesize(), PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE,
                 MAP_ANONYMOUS | MAP_SHARED, -1, 0);
  system("echo 4 > /proc/$PPID/clear_refs"); /* clear VM_SOFTDIRTY */
  assert(*m == '\0');     /* new PTE allows write access */
  assert(!soft_dirty(x));
  *m = 'x';               /* should dirty the page */
  assert(soft_dirty(x));  /* fails */

With this patch, write notifications are enabled when VM_SOFTDIRTY is
cleared. Furthermore, to avoid unnecessary faults, write
notifications are disabled when VM_SOFTDIRTY is reset.

As a side effect of enabling and disabling write notifications with
care, this patch fixes a bug in mprotect where vm_page_prot bits set
by drivers were zapped on mprotect. An analogous bug was fixed in mmap
by c9d0bf241451a3ab7d02e1652c22b80cd7d93e8f.

---

v1 -> v2: Instead of checking VM_SOFTDIRTY in the fault handler,
          enable write notifications on vm_page_prot when we clear
          VM_SOFTDIRTY.

v2 -> v3: * Grab the mmap_sem in write mode if any VMAs have
            VM_SOFTDIRTY set. This involved refactoring clear_refs_write
            to make it less unwieldy.

          * In mprotect, don't inadvertently disable write notifications on VMAs
            that have had VM_SOFTDIRTY cleared

          * The mprotect fix and mmap cleanup that comprised the
            second and third patches in v2 were swallowed by the main
            patch because of vm_page_prot corner case handling.
---
 fs/proc/task_mmu.c | 113 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------------
 include/linux/mm.h |  14 +++++++
 mm/mmap.c          |  24 +++++-------
 mm/mprotect.c      |   6 +--
 4 files changed, 97 insertions(+), 60 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/proc/task_mmu.c b/fs/proc/task_mmu.c
index dfc791c..f5e75c6 100644
--- a/fs/proc/task_mmu.c
+++ b/fs/proc/task_mmu.c
@@ -785,13 +785,80 @@ static int clear_refs_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr,
 	return 0;
 }
 
+static int clear_refs(struct mm_struct *mm, enum clear_refs_types type,
+                      int write)
+{
+	int r = 0;
+	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
+	struct clear_refs_private cp = {
+		.type = type,
+	};
+	struct mm_walk clear_refs_walk = {
+		.pmd_entry = clear_refs_pte_range,
+		.mm = mm,
+		.private = &cp,
+	};
+
+	if (write)
+		down_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
+	else
+		down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
+
+	if (type == CLEAR_REFS_SOFT_DIRTY)
+		mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(mm, 0, -1);
+
+	for (vma = mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) {
+		cp.vma = vma;
+		if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))
+			continue;
+		/*
+		 * Writing 1 to /proc/pid/clear_refs affects all pages.
+		 *
+		 * Writing 2 to /proc/pid/clear_refs only affects
+		 * Anonymous pages.
+		 *
+		 * Writing 3 to /proc/pid/clear_refs only affects file
+		 * mapped pages.
+		 *
+		 * Writing 4 to /proc/pid/clear_refs affects all pages.
+		 */
+		if (type == CLEAR_REFS_ANON && vma->vm_file)
+			continue;
+		if (type == CLEAR_REFS_MAPPED && !vma->vm_file)
+			continue;
+		if (type == CLEAR_REFS_SOFT_DIRTY &&
+		    (vma->vm_flags & VM_SOFTDIRTY)) {
+			if (!write) {
+				r = -EAGAIN;
+				break;
+			}
+			vma->vm_flags &= ~VM_SOFTDIRTY;
+			vma_enable_writenotify(vma);
+		}
+		walk_page_range(vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end,
+				&clear_refs_walk);
+	}
+
+	if (type == CLEAR_REFS_SOFT_DIRTY)
+		mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(mm, 0, -1);
+
+	if (!r)
+		flush_tlb_mm(mm);
+
+	if (write)
+		up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
+	else
+		up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
+
+	return r;
+}
+
 static ssize_t clear_refs_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
 				size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
 {
 	struct task_struct *task;
 	char buffer[PROC_NUMBUF];
 	struct mm_struct *mm;
-	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
 	enum clear_refs_types type;
 	int itype;
 	int rv;
@@ -820,47 +887,9 @@ static ssize_t clear_refs_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
 		return -ESRCH;
 	mm = get_task_mm(task);
 	if (mm) {
-		struct clear_refs_private cp = {
-			.type = type,
-		};
-		struct mm_walk clear_refs_walk = {
-			.pmd_entry = clear_refs_pte_range,
-			.mm = mm,
-			.private = &cp,
-		};
-		down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
-		if (type == CLEAR_REFS_SOFT_DIRTY)
-			mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(mm, 0, -1);
-		for (vma = mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) {
-			cp.vma = vma;
-			if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))
-				continue;
-			/*
-			 * Writing 1 to /proc/pid/clear_refs affects all pages.
-			 *
-			 * Writing 2 to /proc/pid/clear_refs only affects
-			 * Anonymous pages.
-			 *
-			 * Writing 3 to /proc/pid/clear_refs only affects file
-			 * mapped pages.
-			 *
-			 * Writing 4 to /proc/pid/clear_refs affects all pages.
-			 */
-			if (type == CLEAR_REFS_ANON && vma->vm_file)
-				continue;
-			if (type == CLEAR_REFS_MAPPED && !vma->vm_file)
-				continue;
-			if (type == CLEAR_REFS_SOFT_DIRTY) {
-				if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SOFTDIRTY)
-					vma->vm_flags &= ~VM_SOFTDIRTY;
-			}
-			walk_page_range(vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end,
-					&clear_refs_walk);
-		}
-		if (type == CLEAR_REFS_SOFT_DIRTY)
-			mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(mm, 0, -1);
-		flush_tlb_mm(mm);
-		up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
+		rv = clear_refs(mm, type, 0);
+		if (rv)
+			clear_refs(mm, type, 1);
 		mmput(mm);
 	}
 	put_task_struct(task);
diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index 8981cc8..7979b79 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -1946,6 +1946,20 @@ static inline pgprot_t vm_get_page_prot(unsigned long vm_flags)
 }
 #endif
 
+/* Enable write notifications without blowing away special flags. */
+static inline void vma_enable_writenotify(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+	pgprot_t newprot = vm_get_page_prot(vma->vm_flags & ~VM_SHARED);
+	vma->vm_page_prot = pgprot_modify(vma->vm_page_prot, newprot);
+}
+
+/* Disable write notifications without blowing away special flags. */
+static inline void vma_disable_writenotify(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+	pgprot_t newprot = vm_get_page_prot(vma->vm_flags);
+	vma->vm_page_prot = pgprot_modify(vma->vm_page_prot, newprot);
+}
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING
 unsigned long change_prot_numa(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
 			unsigned long start, unsigned long end);
diff --git a/mm/mmap.c b/mm/mmap.c
index c1f2ea4..1b61fbc 100644
--- a/mm/mmap.c
+++ b/mm/mmap.c
@@ -1470,6 +1470,10 @@ int vma_wants_writenotify(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
 	if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite)
 		return 1;
 
+	/* Do we need to track softdirty? */
+	if (!(vm_flags & VM_SOFTDIRTY))
+		return 1;
+
 	/* The open routine did something to the protections already? */
 	if (pgprot_val(vma->vm_page_prot) !=
 	    pgprot_val(vm_get_page_prot(vm_flags)))
@@ -1610,21 +1614,6 @@ munmap_back:
 			goto free_vma;
 	}
 
-	if (vma_wants_writenotify(vma)) {
-		pgprot_t pprot = vma->vm_page_prot;
-
-		/* Can vma->vm_page_prot have changed??
-		 *
-		 * Answer: Yes, drivers may have changed it in their
-		 *         f_op->mmap method.
-		 *
-		 * Ensures that vmas marked as uncached stay that way.
-		 */
-		vma->vm_page_prot = vm_get_page_prot(vm_flags & ~VM_SHARED);
-		if (pgprot_val(pprot) == pgprot_val(pgprot_noncached(pprot)))
-			vma->vm_page_prot = pgprot_noncached(vma->vm_page_prot);
-	}
-
 	vma_link(mm, vma, prev, rb_link, rb_parent);
 	/* Once vma denies write, undo our temporary denial count */
 	if (file) {
@@ -1658,6 +1647,11 @@ out:
 	 */
 	vma->vm_flags |= VM_SOFTDIRTY;
 
+	if (vma_wants_writenotify(vma))
+		vma_enable_writenotify(vma);
+	else
+		vma_disable_writenotify(vma);
+
 	return addr;
 
 unmap_and_free_vma:
diff --git a/mm/mprotect.c b/mm/mprotect.c
index c43d557..2dea043 100644
--- a/mm/mprotect.c
+++ b/mm/mprotect.c
@@ -320,12 +320,12 @@ success:
 	 * held in write mode.
 	 */
 	vma->vm_flags = newflags;
-	vma->vm_page_prot = pgprot_modify(vma->vm_page_prot,
-					  vm_get_page_prot(newflags));
 
 	if (vma_wants_writenotify(vma)) {
-		vma->vm_page_prot = vm_get_page_prot(newflags & ~VM_SHARED);
+		vma_enable_writenotify(vma);
 		dirty_accountable = 1;
+	} else {
+		vma_disable_writenotify(vma);
 	}
 
 	change_protection(vma, start, end, vma->vm_page_prot,
-- 
2.1.0.rc2.206.gedb03e5

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