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Date:	Sun, 24 Aug 2014 07:58:01 -0700
From:	tip-bot for Adrian Hunter <tipbot@...or.com>
To:	linux-tip-commits@...r.kernel.org
Cc:	acme@...hat.com, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, eranian@...gle.com,
	paulus@...ba.org, hpa@...or.com, mingo@...nel.org,
	peterz@...radead.org, namhyung@...il.com, jolsa@...hat.com,
	fweisbec@...il.com, adrian.hunter@...el.com, dsahern@...il.com,
	tglx@...utronix.de
Subject: [tip:perf/core] perf tests:
  Add a test for tracking with sched_switch

Commit-ID:  d44bc558297222d9a621fff2eca3f880e91c49f7
Gitweb:     http://git.kernel.org/tip/d44bc558297222d9a621fff2eca3f880e91c49f7
Author:     Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@...el.com>
AuthorDate: Fri, 15 Aug 2014 22:08:36 +0300
Committer:  Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@...hat.com>
CommitDate: Fri, 22 Aug 2014 13:10:35 -0300

perf tests: Add a test for tracking with sched_switch

Add a test that checks that sched_switch events and tracking events can
be recorded for a workload using the evsel->system_wide and
evsel->tracking flags (respectively) with other events sometimes enabled
or disabled.

Signed-off-by: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@...el.com>
Cc: David Ahern <dsahern@...il.com>
Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@...il.com>
Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@...hat.com>
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@...il.com>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@...ba.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>
Cc: Stephane Eranian <eranian@...gle.com>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1408129739-17368-2-git-send-email-adrian.hunter@intel.com
[ Fix build on fedora14 by using a designated initializer for the sched_switch variable ]
Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@...hat.com>
---
 tools/perf/Makefile.perf           |   1 +
 tools/perf/tests/builtin-test.c    |   4 +
 tools/perf/tests/switch-tracking.c | 572 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 tools/perf/tests/tests.h           |   1 +
 4 files changed, 578 insertions(+)

diff --git a/tools/perf/Makefile.perf b/tools/perf/Makefile.perf
index 1ea31e2..95e832b 100644
--- a/tools/perf/Makefile.perf
+++ b/tools/perf/Makefile.perf
@@ -425,6 +425,7 @@ endif
 endif
 LIB_OBJS += $(OUTPUT)tests/mmap-thread-lookup.o
 LIB_OBJS += $(OUTPUT)tests/thread-mg-share.o
+LIB_OBJS += $(OUTPUT)tests/switch-tracking.o
 
 BUILTIN_OBJS += $(OUTPUT)builtin-annotate.o
 BUILTIN_OBJS += $(OUTPUT)builtin-bench.o
diff --git a/tools/perf/tests/builtin-test.c b/tools/perf/tests/builtin-test.c
index 9948136..6a4145e 100644
--- a/tools/perf/tests/builtin-test.c
+++ b/tools/perf/tests/builtin-test.c
@@ -154,6 +154,10 @@ static struct test {
 		.func = test__hists_cumulate,
 	},
 	{
+		.desc = "Test tracking with sched_switch",
+		.func = test__switch_tracking,
+	},
+	{
 		.func = NULL,
 	},
 };
diff --git a/tools/perf/tests/switch-tracking.c b/tools/perf/tests/switch-tracking.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..cc68648
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/perf/tests/switch-tracking.c
@@ -0,0 +1,572 @@
+#include <sys/time.h>
+#include <sys/prctl.h>
+#include <time.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+
+#include "parse-events.h"
+#include "evlist.h"
+#include "evsel.h"
+#include "thread_map.h"
+#include "cpumap.h"
+#include "tests.h"
+
+static int spin_sleep(void)
+{
+	struct timeval start, now, diff, maxtime;
+	struct timespec ts;
+	int err, i;
+
+	maxtime.tv_sec = 0;
+	maxtime.tv_usec = 50000;
+
+	err = gettimeofday(&start, NULL);
+	if (err)
+		return err;
+
+	/* Spin for 50ms */
+	while (1) {
+		for (i = 0; i < 1000; i++)
+			barrier();
+
+		err = gettimeofday(&now, NULL);
+		if (err)
+			return err;
+
+		timersub(&now, &start, &diff);
+		if (timercmp(&diff, &maxtime, > /* For checkpatch */))
+			break;
+	}
+
+	ts.tv_nsec = 50 * 1000 * 1000;
+	ts.tv_sec = 0;
+
+	/* Sleep for 50ms */
+	err = nanosleep(&ts, NULL);
+	if (err == EINTR)
+		err = 0;
+
+	return err;
+}
+
+struct switch_tracking {
+	struct perf_evsel *switch_evsel;
+	struct perf_evsel *cycles_evsel;
+	pid_t *tids;
+	int nr_tids;
+	int comm_seen[4];
+	int cycles_before_comm_1;
+	int cycles_between_comm_2_and_comm_3;
+	int cycles_after_comm_4;
+};
+
+static int check_comm(struct switch_tracking *switch_tracking,
+		      union perf_event *event, const char *comm, int nr)
+{
+	if (event->header.type == PERF_RECORD_COMM &&
+	    (pid_t)event->comm.pid == getpid() &&
+	    (pid_t)event->comm.tid == getpid() &&
+	    strcmp(event->comm.comm, comm) == 0) {
+		if (switch_tracking->comm_seen[nr]) {
+			pr_debug("Duplicate comm event\n");
+			return -1;
+		}
+		switch_tracking->comm_seen[nr] = 1;
+		pr_debug3("comm event: %s nr: %d\n", event->comm.comm, nr);
+		return 1;
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int check_cpu(struct switch_tracking *switch_tracking, int cpu)
+{
+	int i, nr = cpu + 1;
+
+	if (cpu < 0)
+		return -1;
+
+	if (!switch_tracking->tids) {
+		switch_tracking->tids = calloc(nr, sizeof(pid_t));
+		if (!switch_tracking->tids)
+			return -1;
+		for (i = 0; i < nr; i++)
+			switch_tracking->tids[i] = -1;
+		switch_tracking->nr_tids = nr;
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	if (cpu >= switch_tracking->nr_tids) {
+		void *addr;
+
+		addr = realloc(switch_tracking->tids, nr * sizeof(pid_t));
+		if (!addr)
+			return -1;
+		switch_tracking->tids = addr;
+		for (i = switch_tracking->nr_tids; i < nr; i++)
+			switch_tracking->tids[i] = -1;
+		switch_tracking->nr_tids = nr;
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int process_sample_event(struct perf_evlist *evlist,
+				union perf_event *event,
+				struct switch_tracking *switch_tracking)
+{
+	struct perf_sample sample;
+	struct perf_evsel *evsel;
+	pid_t next_tid, prev_tid;
+	int cpu, err;
+
+	if (perf_evlist__parse_sample(evlist, event, &sample)) {
+		pr_debug("perf_evlist__parse_sample failed\n");
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	evsel = perf_evlist__id2evsel(evlist, sample.id);
+	if (evsel == switch_tracking->switch_evsel) {
+		next_tid = perf_evsel__intval(evsel, &sample, "next_pid");
+		prev_tid = perf_evsel__intval(evsel, &sample, "prev_pid");
+		cpu = sample.cpu;
+		pr_debug3("sched_switch: cpu: %d prev_tid %d next_tid %d\n",
+			  cpu, prev_tid, next_tid);
+		err = check_cpu(switch_tracking, cpu);
+		if (err)
+			return err;
+		/*
+		 * Check for no missing sched_switch events i.e. that the
+		 * evsel->system_wide flag has worked.
+		 */
+		if (switch_tracking->tids[cpu] != -1 &&
+		    switch_tracking->tids[cpu] != prev_tid) {
+			pr_debug("Missing sched_switch events\n");
+			return -1;
+		}
+		switch_tracking->tids[cpu] = next_tid;
+	}
+
+	if (evsel == switch_tracking->cycles_evsel) {
+		pr_debug3("cycles event\n");
+		if (!switch_tracking->comm_seen[0])
+			switch_tracking->cycles_before_comm_1 = 1;
+		if (switch_tracking->comm_seen[1] &&
+		    !switch_tracking->comm_seen[2])
+			switch_tracking->cycles_between_comm_2_and_comm_3 = 1;
+		if (switch_tracking->comm_seen[3])
+			switch_tracking->cycles_after_comm_4 = 1;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int process_event(struct perf_evlist *evlist, union perf_event *event,
+			 struct switch_tracking *switch_tracking)
+{
+	if (event->header.type == PERF_RECORD_SAMPLE)
+		return process_sample_event(evlist, event, switch_tracking);
+
+	if (event->header.type == PERF_RECORD_COMM) {
+		int err, done = 0;
+
+		err = check_comm(switch_tracking, event, "Test COMM 1", 0);
+		if (err < 0)
+			return -1;
+		done += err;
+		err = check_comm(switch_tracking, event, "Test COMM 2", 1);
+		if (err < 0)
+			return -1;
+		done += err;
+		err = check_comm(switch_tracking, event, "Test COMM 3", 2);
+		if (err < 0)
+			return -1;
+		done += err;
+		err = check_comm(switch_tracking, event, "Test COMM 4", 3);
+		if (err < 0)
+			return -1;
+		done += err;
+		if (done != 1) {
+			pr_debug("Unexpected comm event\n");
+			return -1;
+		}
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+struct event_node {
+	struct list_head list;
+	union perf_event *event;
+	u64 event_time;
+};
+
+static int add_event(struct perf_evlist *evlist, struct list_head *events,
+		     union perf_event *event)
+{
+	struct perf_sample sample;
+	struct event_node *node;
+
+	node = malloc(sizeof(struct event_node));
+	if (!node) {
+		pr_debug("malloc failed\n");
+		return -1;
+	}
+	node->event = event;
+	list_add(&node->list, events);
+
+	if (perf_evlist__parse_sample(evlist, event, &sample)) {
+		pr_debug("perf_evlist__parse_sample failed\n");
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	if (!sample.time) {
+		pr_debug("event with no time\n");
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	node->event_time = sample.time;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void free_event_nodes(struct list_head *events)
+{
+	struct event_node *node;
+
+	while (!list_empty(events)) {
+		node = list_entry(events->next, struct event_node, list);
+		list_del(&node->list);
+		free(node);
+	}
+}
+
+static int compar(const void *a, const void *b)
+{
+	const struct event_node *nodea = a;
+	const struct event_node *nodeb = b;
+	s64 cmp = nodea->event_time - nodeb->event_time;
+
+	return cmp;
+}
+
+static int process_events(struct perf_evlist *evlist,
+			  struct switch_tracking *switch_tracking)
+{
+	union perf_event *event;
+	unsigned pos, cnt = 0;
+	LIST_HEAD(events);
+	struct event_node *events_array, *node;
+	int i, ret;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < evlist->nr_mmaps; i++) {
+		while ((event = perf_evlist__mmap_read(evlist, i)) != NULL) {
+			cnt += 1;
+			ret = add_event(evlist, &events, event);
+			perf_evlist__mmap_consume(evlist, i);
+			if (ret < 0)
+				goto out_free_nodes;
+		}
+	}
+
+	events_array = calloc(cnt, sizeof(struct event_node));
+	if (!events_array) {
+		pr_debug("calloc failed\n");
+		ret = -1;
+		goto out_free_nodes;
+	}
+
+	pos = 0;
+	list_for_each_entry(node, &events, list)
+		events_array[pos++] = *node;
+
+	qsort(events_array, cnt, sizeof(struct event_node), compar);
+
+	for (pos = 0; pos < cnt; pos++) {
+		ret = process_event(evlist, events_array[pos].event,
+				    switch_tracking);
+		if (ret < 0)
+			goto out_free;
+	}
+
+	ret = 0;
+out_free:
+	pr_debug("%u events recorded\n", cnt);
+	free(events_array);
+out_free_nodes:
+	free_event_nodes(&events);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+/**
+ * test__switch_tracking - test using sched_switch and tracking events.
+ *
+ * This function implements a test that checks that sched_switch events and
+ * tracking events can be recorded for a workload (current process) using the
+ * evsel->system_wide and evsel->tracking flags (respectively) with other events
+ * sometimes enabled or disabled.
+ */
+int test__switch_tracking(void)
+{
+	const char *sched_switch = "sched:sched_switch";
+	struct switch_tracking switch_tracking = { .tids = NULL, };
+	struct record_opts opts = {
+		.mmap_pages	     = UINT_MAX,
+		.user_freq	     = UINT_MAX,
+		.user_interval	     = ULLONG_MAX,
+		.freq		     = 4000,
+		.target		     = {
+			.uses_mmap   = true,
+		},
+	};
+	struct thread_map *threads = NULL;
+	struct cpu_map *cpus = NULL;
+	struct perf_evlist *evlist = NULL;
+	struct perf_evsel *evsel, *cpu_clocks_evsel, *cycles_evsel;
+	struct perf_evsel *switch_evsel, *tracking_evsel;
+	const char *comm;
+	int err = -1;
+
+	threads = thread_map__new(-1, getpid(), UINT_MAX);
+	if (!threads) {
+		pr_debug("thread_map__new failed!\n");
+		goto out_err;
+	}
+
+	cpus = cpu_map__new(NULL);
+	if (!cpus) {
+		pr_debug("cpu_map__new failed!\n");
+		goto out_err;
+	}
+
+	evlist = perf_evlist__new();
+	if (!evlist) {
+		pr_debug("perf_evlist__new failed!\n");
+		goto out_err;
+	}
+
+	perf_evlist__set_maps(evlist, cpus, threads);
+
+	/* First event */
+	err = parse_events(evlist, "cpu-clock:u");
+	if (err) {
+		pr_debug("Failed to parse event dummy:u\n");
+		goto out_err;
+	}
+
+	cpu_clocks_evsel = perf_evlist__last(evlist);
+
+	/* Second event */
+	err = parse_events(evlist, "cycles:u");
+	if (err) {
+		pr_debug("Failed to parse event cycles:u\n");
+		goto out_err;
+	}
+
+	cycles_evsel = perf_evlist__last(evlist);
+
+	/* Third event */
+	if (!perf_evlist__can_select_event(evlist, sched_switch)) {
+		fprintf(stderr, " (no sched_switch)");
+		err = 0;
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	err = parse_events(evlist, sched_switch);
+	if (err) {
+		pr_debug("Failed to parse event %s\n", sched_switch);
+		goto out_err;
+	}
+
+	switch_evsel = perf_evlist__last(evlist);
+
+	perf_evsel__set_sample_bit(switch_evsel, CPU);
+	perf_evsel__set_sample_bit(switch_evsel, TIME);
+
+	switch_evsel->system_wide = true;
+	switch_evsel->no_aux_samples = true;
+	switch_evsel->immediate = true;
+
+	/* Test moving an event to the front */
+	if (cycles_evsel == perf_evlist__first(evlist)) {
+		pr_debug("cycles event already at front");
+		goto out_err;
+	}
+	perf_evlist__to_front(evlist, cycles_evsel);
+	if (cycles_evsel != perf_evlist__first(evlist)) {
+		pr_debug("Failed to move cycles event to front");
+		goto out_err;
+	}
+
+	perf_evsel__set_sample_bit(cycles_evsel, CPU);
+	perf_evsel__set_sample_bit(cycles_evsel, TIME);
+
+	/* Fourth event */
+	err = parse_events(evlist, "dummy:u");
+	if (err) {
+		pr_debug("Failed to parse event dummy:u\n");
+		goto out_err;
+	}
+
+	tracking_evsel = perf_evlist__last(evlist);
+
+	perf_evlist__set_tracking_event(evlist, tracking_evsel);
+
+	tracking_evsel->attr.freq = 0;
+	tracking_evsel->attr.sample_period = 1;
+
+	perf_evsel__set_sample_bit(tracking_evsel, TIME);
+
+	/* Config events */
+	perf_evlist__config(evlist, &opts);
+
+	/* Check moved event is still at the front */
+	if (cycles_evsel != perf_evlist__first(evlist)) {
+		pr_debug("Front event no longer at front");
+		goto out_err;
+	}
+
+	/* Check tracking event is tracking */
+	if (!tracking_evsel->attr.mmap || !tracking_evsel->attr.comm) {
+		pr_debug("Tracking event not tracking\n");
+		goto out_err;
+	}
+
+	/* Check non-tracking events are not tracking */
+	evlist__for_each(evlist, evsel) {
+		if (evsel != tracking_evsel) {
+			if (evsel->attr.mmap || evsel->attr.comm) {
+				pr_debug("Non-tracking event is tracking\n");
+				goto out_err;
+			}
+		}
+	}
+
+	if (perf_evlist__open(evlist) < 0) {
+		fprintf(stderr, " (not supported)");
+		err = 0;
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	err = perf_evlist__mmap(evlist, UINT_MAX, false);
+	if (err) {
+		pr_debug("perf_evlist__mmap failed!\n");
+		goto out_err;
+	}
+
+	perf_evlist__enable(evlist);
+
+	err = perf_evlist__disable_event(evlist, cpu_clocks_evsel);
+	if (err) {
+		pr_debug("perf_evlist__disable_event failed!\n");
+		goto out_err;
+	}
+
+	err = spin_sleep();
+	if (err) {
+		pr_debug("spin_sleep failed!\n");
+		goto out_err;
+	}
+
+	comm = "Test COMM 1";
+	err = prctl(PR_SET_NAME, (unsigned long)comm, 0, 0, 0);
+	if (err) {
+		pr_debug("PR_SET_NAME failed!\n");
+		goto out_err;
+	}
+
+	err = perf_evlist__disable_event(evlist, cycles_evsel);
+	if (err) {
+		pr_debug("perf_evlist__disable_event failed!\n");
+		goto out_err;
+	}
+
+	comm = "Test COMM 2";
+	err = prctl(PR_SET_NAME, (unsigned long)comm, 0, 0, 0);
+	if (err) {
+		pr_debug("PR_SET_NAME failed!\n");
+		goto out_err;
+	}
+
+	err = spin_sleep();
+	if (err) {
+		pr_debug("spin_sleep failed!\n");
+		goto out_err;
+	}
+
+	comm = "Test COMM 3";
+	err = prctl(PR_SET_NAME, (unsigned long)comm, 0, 0, 0);
+	if (err) {
+		pr_debug("PR_SET_NAME failed!\n");
+		goto out_err;
+	}
+
+	err = perf_evlist__enable_event(evlist, cycles_evsel);
+	if (err) {
+		pr_debug("perf_evlist__disable_event failed!\n");
+		goto out_err;
+	}
+
+	comm = "Test COMM 4";
+	err = prctl(PR_SET_NAME, (unsigned long)comm, 0, 0, 0);
+	if (err) {
+		pr_debug("PR_SET_NAME failed!\n");
+		goto out_err;
+	}
+
+	err = spin_sleep();
+	if (err) {
+		pr_debug("spin_sleep failed!\n");
+		goto out_err;
+	}
+
+	perf_evlist__disable(evlist);
+
+	switch_tracking.switch_evsel = switch_evsel;
+	switch_tracking.cycles_evsel = cycles_evsel;
+
+	err = process_events(evlist, &switch_tracking);
+
+	zfree(&switch_tracking.tids);
+
+	if (err)
+		goto out_err;
+
+	/* Check all 4 comm events were seen i.e. that evsel->tracking works */
+	if (!switch_tracking.comm_seen[0] || !switch_tracking.comm_seen[1] ||
+	    !switch_tracking.comm_seen[2] || !switch_tracking.comm_seen[3]) {
+		pr_debug("Missing comm events\n");
+		goto out_err;
+	}
+
+	/* Check cycles event got enabled */
+	if (!switch_tracking.cycles_before_comm_1) {
+		pr_debug("Missing cycles events\n");
+		goto out_err;
+	}
+
+	/* Check cycles event got disabled */
+	if (switch_tracking.cycles_between_comm_2_and_comm_3) {
+		pr_debug("cycles events even though event was disabled\n");
+		goto out_err;
+	}
+
+	/* Check cycles event got enabled again */
+	if (!switch_tracking.cycles_after_comm_4) {
+		pr_debug("Missing cycles events\n");
+		goto out_err;
+	}
+out:
+	if (evlist) {
+		perf_evlist__disable(evlist);
+		perf_evlist__delete(evlist);
+	} else {
+		cpu_map__delete(cpus);
+		thread_map__delete(threads);
+	}
+
+	return err;
+
+out_err:
+	err = -1;
+	goto out;
+}
diff --git a/tools/perf/tests/tests.h b/tools/perf/tests/tests.h
index ed64790..be8be10 100644
--- a/tools/perf/tests/tests.h
+++ b/tools/perf/tests/tests.h
@@ -48,6 +48,7 @@ int test__mmap_thread_lookup(void);
 int test__thread_mg_share(void);
 int test__hists_output(void);
 int test__hists_cumulate(void);
+int test__switch_tracking(void);
 
 #if defined(__x86_64__) || defined(__i386__) || defined(__arm__)
 #ifdef HAVE_DWARF_UNWIND_SUPPORT
--
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