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Date:	Mon, 15 Sep 2014 23:45:08 +0900
From:	Roman Pen <>
To:	unlisted-recipients:; (no To-header on input)
Cc:	Roman Pen <>, Ming Lei <>,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman <>,
	Andrew Morton <>,
	Oleg Nesterov <>,
Subject: [PATCH 1/1] init: fix race between rootfs mount and firmware loading

The thing is that built-in modules are being inited before
rootfs mount.  Some of the modules can request firmware loading
from another thread using async 'request_firmware_nowait' call
on inition, so we can catch this kind of race:
   rootfs does not exist yet, but we are going to open and load
   firmware file requesting it from the kernel thread.

Solution is simple: before any rootfs access firmware loader
must wait for rootfs mount.

There are few questions which remain unanswered, but in this
patch I do not want to complicate things and want to fix exactly
the race.  So here are the questions:

1. can 'request_firmware' (sync variant) be called on module inition
   directly, without any threads? if can, that means firmware will
   never be loaded for the driver at first try in case of built-in
   module, because rootfs will be mounted only at the end of kernel
   init sequence.

2. in case of separated '/lib' mount point we still have the problem:
   firmware will be loaded only on further tries, but the first attempt
   will always fail, because '/lib' mount point does not exist.  Seems
   to me this can't be simply fixed, and firmware_request logic needs
   some refactoring.

Probably, there are other good questions which I do not see because
of shallow understanding of init and firmware loading sequences.

Signed-off-by: Roman Pen <>
Cc: Ming Lei <>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>
Cc: Andrew Morton <>
Cc: Oleg Nesterov <>
 drivers/base/firmware_class.c |  6 ++++++
 include/linux/init.h          |  1 +
 init/main.c                   | 22 ++++++++++++++++++++--
 3 files changed, 27 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/base/firmware_class.c b/drivers/base/firmware_class.c
index bf42430..450c4ae 100644
--- a/drivers/base/firmware_class.c
+++ b/drivers/base/firmware_class.c
@@ -29,6 +29,7 @@
 #include <linux/syscore_ops.h>
 #include <linux/reboot.h>
 #include <linux/security.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
 #include <generated/utsrelease.h>
@@ -324,6 +325,11 @@ static int fw_get_filesystem_firmware(struct device *device,
 	int rc = -ENOENT;
 	char *path = __getname();
+	/* Before any file access we have to wait for rootfs.
+	   In case of built-in module we can race with kernel init
+	   thread, which has not mounted rootfs yet */
+	wait_for_rootfs();
 	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(fw_path); i++) {
 		struct file *file;
diff --git a/include/linux/init.h b/include/linux/init.h
index 2df8e8d..83233ae 100644
--- a/include/linux/init.h
+++ b/include/linux/init.h
@@ -152,6 +152,7 @@ void setup_arch(char **);
 void prepare_namespace(void);
 void __init load_default_modules(void);
 int __init init_rootfs(void);
+void wait_for_rootfs(void);
 extern void (*late_time_init)(void);
diff --git a/init/main.c b/init/main.c
index bb1aed9..15e1bb1 100644
--- a/init/main.c
+++ b/init/main.c
@@ -973,6 +973,22 @@ static int __ref kernel_init(void *unused)
 	      "See Linux Documentation/init.txt for guidance.");
+static DECLARE_COMPLETION(rootfs_mounted);
+void wait_for_rootfs(void)
+	/* Avoid waiting for ourselves */
+	if (is_global_init(current))
+		pr_warn("it is not a good idea to wait for rootfs mount from init task\n");
+	else
+		wait_for_completion(&rootfs_mounted);
+static inline void wake_up_rootfs_waiters(void)
+	complete(&rootfs_mounted);
 static noinline void __init kernel_init_freeable(void)
@@ -1025,9 +1041,11 @@ static noinline void __init kernel_init_freeable(void)
 	 * Ok, we have completed the initial bootup, and
-	 * we're essentially up and running. Get rid of the
-	 * initmem segments and start the user-mode stuff..
+	 * we're essentially up and running.  Wake up rootfs
+	 * mount waiters, get rid of the initmem segments,
+	 * and start the user-mode stuff..
+	wake_up_rootfs_waiters();
 	/* rootfs is available now, try loading default modules */

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