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Date:	Tue, 16 Sep 2014 03:56:30 -0700
From:	"tip-bot for Lee, Chun-Yi" <>
Subject: [tip:x86/mm] x86/mm, hibernate:
  Do not assume the first e820 area to be RAM

Commit-ID:  84779575554e2a19b9f6fc8d44f9763546a822ad
Author:     Lee, Chun-Yi <>
AuthorDate: Fri, 12 Sep 2014 11:03:58 +0800
Committer:  Ingo Molnar <>
CommitDate: Tue, 16 Sep 2014 09:54:31 +0200

x86/mm, hibernate: Do not assume the first e820 area to be RAM

In arch/x86/kernel/setup.c::trim_bios_range(), the codes
introduced by 1b5576e6 (base on d8a9e6a5), it updates the first
4Kb of memory to be E820_RESERVED region. That's because it's a
BIOS owned area but generally not listed in the E820 table:

  e820: BIOS-provided physical RAM map:
  BIOS-e820: [mem 0x0000000000000000-0x0000000000096fff] usable
  BIOS-e820: [mem 0x0000000000097000-0x0000000000097fff] reserved
  e820: update [mem 0x00000000-0x00000fff] usable ==> reserved
  e820: remove [mem 0x000a0000-0x000fffff] usable

But the region of first 4Kb didn't register to nosave memory:

  PM: Registered nosave memory: [mem 0x00097000-0x00097fff]
  PM: Registered nosave memory: [mem 0x000a0000-0x000fffff]

The code in e820_mark_nosave_regions() assumes the first e820
area to be RAM, so it causes the first 4Kb E820_RESERVED region
ignored when register to nosave. This patch removed assumption
of the first e820 area.

Signed-off-by: Lee, Chun-Yi <>
Acked-by: Pavel Machek <>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <>
Cc: Len Brown <>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <>
Cc: Yinghai Lu <>
Cc: Takashi Iwai <>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <>
 arch/x86/kernel/e820.c | 7 +++----
 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/e820.c b/arch/x86/kernel/e820.c
index 988c00a..49f8864 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/e820.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/e820.c
@@ -682,15 +682,14 @@ void __init parse_e820_ext(u64 phys_addr, u32 data_len)
  * hibernation (32 bit) or software suspend and suspend to RAM (64 bit).
  * This function requires the e820 map to be sorted and without any
- * overlapping entries and assumes the first e820 area to be RAM.
+ * overlapping entries.
 void __init e820_mark_nosave_regions(unsigned long limit_pfn)
 	int i;
-	unsigned long pfn;
+	unsigned long pfn = 0;
-	pfn = PFN_DOWN([0].addr +[0].size);
-	for (i = 1; i < e820.nr_map; i++) {
+	for (i = 0; i < e820.nr_map; i++) {
 		struct e820entry *ei = &[i];
 		if (pfn < PFN_UP(ei->addr))
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