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Date:	Thu, 18 Sep 2014 18:23:18 +0100
From:	Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@....com>
To:	Christopher Covington <cov@...eaurora.org>
Cc:	Sonny Rao <sonnyrao@...omium.org>,
	Will Deacon <Will.Deacon@....com>,
	Mark Rutland <Mark.Rutland@....com>,
	Stephen Boyd <sboyd@...eaurora.org>,
	Marc Zyngier <Marc.Zyngier@....com>,
	"linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org" 
	<linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org>,
	Doug Anderson <dianders@...omium.org>,
	"linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org" <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [RFC] arm: Handle starting up in secure mode

On Tue, Sep 16, 2014 at 10:09:16PM +0100, Christopher Covington wrote:
> diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/hyp-stub.S b/arch/arm/kernel/hyp-stub.S
> index 2a55373..36d1a9c 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/kernel/hyp-stub.S
> +++ b/arch/arm/kernel/hyp-stub.S
> @@ -20,6 +20,7 @@
>  #include <linux/linkage.h>
>  #include <asm/assembler.h>
>  #include <asm/virt.h>
> +#include <asm/opcodes-sec.h>
>  
>  #ifndef ZIMAGE
>  /*
> @@ -76,6 +77,64 @@ ENTRY(__boot_cpu_mode)
>  #endif /* ZIMAGE */
>  
>  /*
> + * Detect whether the system is in secure supervisor mode, and if it is,
> + * switch to hypervisor mode by way of secure monitor mode.
> + */
> +ENTRY(__mon_stub_install)
> +	mrs	r4, cpsr
> +	and	r4, r4, #MODE_MASK
> +	cmp	r4, #SVC_MODE
> +	movne	pc, lr
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Set things up so that if an NSACR access causes an undefined
> +	 * instruction exception, we return. safe_svcmode_maskall called
> +	 * just after this will get us back into supervisor mode.
> +	 */
> +	adr	r4, __mon_stub_vectors
> +	mcr	p15, 0, r4, c12, c0, 0	@ set vector base address (VBAR)
> +	mov	r4, lr
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Writing the NSACR will only succeed if we're in a secure mode.
> +	 */
> +	mrc	p15, 0, r5, c1, c1, 2	@ get non-secure access control (NSACR)
> +	mcr	p15, 0, r5, c1, c1, 2	@ set non-secure access control (NSACR)

Since you talk about ARMv8 further down, if you run in AArch32 mode in
secure EL1 it will trap to EL3 (if it was non-secure EL1/EL2, write
would undef and read returns 0xc00). Therefore for ARMv8 my
recommendation is to run Linux (whether AArch64 or AArch32) only on the
non-secure side.

> +	/*
> +	 * If we get here, we know we're in secure supervisor mode, so make the
> +	 * switch to secure monitor mode.
> +	 *
> +	 * TODO: make sure this doesn't trap to A64 EL3.
> +	 */
> +	adr	r4, __mon_stub_vectors
> +	mcr	p15, 0, r4, c12, c0, 1	@ set monitor vector base (MVBAR)
> +	adr	r4, mon_settings
> +	__SMC(0)

I think from secure EL1 you can switch to monitor simply by setting the
CPSR mode bits (though IIRC on ARMv8 would also trap to EL3).

> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Now, from non-secure supervisor mode, transition to hypervisor mode
> +	 * and return via the exception vector.
> +	 */
> +	mov	r4, lr
> +	__HVC(0)

>From monitor mode can you return directly to HVC mode via ERET and avoid
another HVC?

-- 
Catalin
--
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