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Date:	Sun, 21 Sep 2014 19:14:35 +0400
From:	Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@...allels.com>
To:	Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>
CC:	Johannes Weiner <hannes@...xchg.org>,
	Michal Hocko <mhocko@...e.cz>,
	Greg Thelen <gthelen@...gle.com>,
	Dave Chinner <david@...morbit.com>,
	Glauber Costa <glommer@...il.com>,
	Suleiman Souhlal <suleiman@...gle.com>,
	Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@...fujitsu.com>,
	Tejun Heo <tj@...nel.org>, <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
	<linux-mm@...ck.org>, <cgroups@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: [PATCH -mm 03/14] vmscan: shrink slab on memcg pressure

This patch makes direct reclaim path shrink slab not only on global
memory pressure, but also when we reach the user memory limit of a
memcg. To achieve that, it makes shrink_slab() walk over the memcg
hierarchy and run shrinkers marked as memcg-aware on the target memcg
and all its descendants. The memcg to scan is passed in a shrink_control
structure; memcg-unaware shrinkers are still called only on global
memory pressure with memcg=NULL. It is up to the shrinker how to
organize the objects it is responsible for to achieve per-memcg reclaim.

Signed-off-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@...allels.com>
---
 include/linux/memcontrol.h |   22 +++++++++++
 include/linux/shrinker.h   |   10 ++++-
 mm/memcontrol.c            |   46 ++++++++++++++++++++++-
 mm/vmscan.c                |   87 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------
 4 files changed, 143 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/memcontrol.h b/include/linux/memcontrol.h
index 19df5d857411..c4e64d0e318d 100644
--- a/include/linux/memcontrol.h
+++ b/include/linux/memcontrol.h
@@ -68,6 +68,9 @@ void mem_cgroup_migrate(struct page *oldpage, struct page *newpage,
 struct lruvec *mem_cgroup_zone_lruvec(struct zone *, struct mem_cgroup *);
 struct lruvec *mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(struct page *, struct zone *);
 
+unsigned long mem_cgroup_zone_reclaimable_pages(struct zone *zone,
+						struct mem_cgroup *memcg);
+
 bool __mem_cgroup_same_or_subtree(const struct mem_cgroup *root_memcg,
 				  struct mem_cgroup *memcg);
 bool task_in_mem_cgroup(struct task_struct *task,
@@ -251,6 +254,12 @@ static inline struct lruvec *mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(struct page *page,
 	return &zone->lruvec;
 }
 
+static inline unsigned long mem_cgroup_zone_reclaimable_pages(struct zone *zone,
+							struct mem_cgroup *)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
+
 static inline struct mem_cgroup *try_get_mem_cgroup_from_page(struct page *page)
 {
 	return NULL;
@@ -421,6 +430,9 @@ static inline bool memcg_kmem_enabled(void)
 	return static_key_false(&memcg_kmem_enabled_key);
 }
 
+bool memcg_kmem_is_active(struct mem_cgroup *memcg);
+bool memcg_kmem_is_active_subtree(struct mem_cgroup *memcg);
+
 /*
  * In general, we'll do everything in our power to not incur in any overhead
  * for non-memcg users for the kmem functions. Not even a function call, if we
@@ -549,6 +561,16 @@ static inline bool memcg_kmem_enabled(void)
 	return false;
 }
 
+static inline bool memcg_kmem_is_active(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
+{
+	return false;
+}
+
+static inline bool memcg_kmem_is_active_subtree(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
+{
+	return false;
+}
+
 static inline bool
 memcg_kmem_newpage_charge(gfp_t gfp, struct mem_cgroup **memcg, int order)
 {
diff --git a/include/linux/shrinker.h b/include/linux/shrinker.h
index 68c097077ef0..ab79b174bfbe 100644
--- a/include/linux/shrinker.h
+++ b/include/linux/shrinker.h
@@ -20,8 +20,15 @@ struct shrink_control {
 
 	/* shrink from these nodes */
 	nodemask_t nodes_to_scan;
+
+	/* shrink from this memory cgroup hierarchy (if not NULL) */
+	struct mem_cgroup *target_mem_cgroup;
+
 	/* current node being shrunk (for NUMA aware shrinkers) */
 	int nid;
+
+	/* current memcg being shrunk (for memcg aware shrinkers) */
+	struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
 };
 
 #define SHRINK_STOP (~0UL)
@@ -63,7 +70,8 @@ struct shrinker {
 #define DEFAULT_SEEKS 2 /* A good number if you don't know better. */
 
 /* Flags */
-#define SHRINKER_NUMA_AWARE (1 << 0)
+#define SHRINKER_NUMA_AWARE	(1 << 0)
+#define SHRINKER_MEMCG_AWARE	(1 << 1)
 
 extern int register_shrinker(struct shrinker *);
 extern void unregister_shrinker(struct shrinker *);
diff --git a/mm/memcontrol.c b/mm/memcontrol.c
index 9431024e490c..7361bd8b720a 100644
--- a/mm/memcontrol.c
+++ b/mm/memcontrol.c
@@ -391,7 +391,7 @@ static inline void memcg_kmem_set_active(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
 	set_bit(KMEM_ACCOUNTED_ACTIVE, &memcg->kmem_account_flags);
 }
 
-static bool memcg_kmem_is_active(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
+bool memcg_kmem_is_active(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
 {
 	return test_bit(KMEM_ACCOUNTED_ACTIVE, &memcg->kmem_account_flags);
 }
@@ -1411,6 +1411,31 @@ void mem_cgroup_update_lru_size(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum lru_list lru,
 	VM_BUG_ON((long)(*lru_size) < 0);
 }
 
+unsigned long mem_cgroup_zone_reclaimable_pages(struct zone *zone,
+						struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
+{
+	unsigned long nr = 0;
+	unsigned int lru_mask;
+	struct mem_cgroup *iter;
+
+	lru_mask = LRU_ALL_FILE;
+	if (get_nr_swap_pages() > 0)
+		lru_mask |= LRU_ALL_ANON;
+
+	iter = memcg;
+	do {
+		struct mem_cgroup_per_zone *mz;
+		enum lru_list lru;
+
+		mz = mem_cgroup_zone_zoneinfo(memcg, zone);
+		for_each_lru(lru)
+			if (BIT(lru) & lru_mask)
+				nr += mz->lru_size[lru];
+	} while ((iter = mem_cgroup_iter(memcg, iter, NULL)) != NULL);
+
+	return nr;
+}
+
 /*
  * Checks whether given mem is same or in the root_mem_cgroup's
  * hierarchy subtree
@@ -2786,6 +2811,25 @@ static DEFINE_MUTEX(memcg_slab_mutex);
 
 static DEFINE_MUTEX(activate_kmem_mutex);
 
+/*
+ * Returns true if the given cgroup or any of its descendants has kmem
+ * accounting enabled.
+ */
+bool memcg_kmem_is_active_subtree(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
+{
+	struct mem_cgroup *iter;
+
+	iter = memcg;
+	do {
+		if (memcg_kmem_is_active(iter)) {
+			mem_cgroup_iter_break(memcg, iter);
+			return true;
+		}
+	} while ((iter = mem_cgroup_iter(memcg, iter, NULL)) != NULL);
+
+	return false;
+}
+
 static inline bool memcg_can_account_kmem(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
 {
 	return !mem_cgroup_disabled() && !mem_cgroup_is_root(memcg) &&
diff --git a/mm/vmscan.c b/mm/vmscan.c
index b672e2c6becc..041d0e41a5a4 100644
--- a/mm/vmscan.c
+++ b/mm/vmscan.c
@@ -340,6 +340,26 @@ shrink_slab_node(struct shrink_control *shrinkctl, struct shrinker *shrinker,
 	return freed;
 }
 
+static unsigned long
+run_shrinker(struct shrink_control *shrinkctl, struct shrinker *shrinker,
+	     unsigned long nr_pages_scanned, unsigned long lru_pages)
+{
+	unsigned long freed = 0;
+
+	if (!(shrinker->flags & SHRINKER_NUMA_AWARE)) {
+		shrinkctl->nid = 0;
+		return shrink_slab_node(shrinkctl, shrinker,
+					nr_pages_scanned, lru_pages);
+	}
+
+	for_each_node_mask(shrinkctl->nid, shrinkctl->nodes_to_scan) {
+		if (node_online(shrinkctl->nid))
+			freed += shrink_slab_node(shrinkctl, shrinker,
+						  nr_pages_scanned, lru_pages);
+	}
+	return freed;
+}
+
 /*
  * Call the shrink functions to age shrinkable caches
  *
@@ -381,20 +401,34 @@ unsigned long shrink_slab(struct shrink_control *shrinkctl,
 	}
 
 	list_for_each_entry(shrinker, &shrinker_list, list) {
-		if (!(shrinker->flags & SHRINKER_NUMA_AWARE)) {
-			shrinkctl->nid = 0;
-			freed += shrink_slab_node(shrinkctl, shrinker,
-					nr_pages_scanned, lru_pages);
+		/*
+		 * Call memcg-unaware shrinkers only on global pressure.
+		 */
+		if (!(shrinker->flags & SHRINKER_MEMCG_AWARE)) {
+			if (!shrinkctl->target_mem_cgroup) {
+				shrinkctl->memcg = NULL;
+				freed += run_shrinker(shrinkctl, shrinker,
+						nr_pages_scanned, lru_pages);
+			}
 			continue;
 		}
 
-		for_each_node_mask(shrinkctl->nid, shrinkctl->nodes_to_scan) {
-			if (node_online(shrinkctl->nid))
-				freed += shrink_slab_node(shrinkctl, shrinker,
+		/*
+		 * For memcg-aware shrinkers iterate over the target memcg
+		 * hierarchy and run the shrinker on each kmem-active memcg
+		 * found in the hierarchy.
+		 */
+		shrinkctl->memcg = shrinkctl->target_mem_cgroup;
+		do {
+			if (!shrinkctl->memcg ||
+			    memcg_kmem_is_active(shrinkctl->memcg))
+				freed += run_shrinker(shrinkctl, shrinker,
 						nr_pages_scanned, lru_pages);
-
-		}
+		} while ((shrinkctl->memcg =
+			  mem_cgroup_iter(shrinkctl->target_mem_cgroup,
+					  shrinkctl->memcg, NULL)) != NULL);
 	}
+
 	up_read(&shrinker_rwsem);
 out:
 	cond_resched();
@@ -2381,6 +2415,7 @@ static bool shrink_zones(struct zonelist *zonelist, struct scan_control *sc)
 	gfp_t orig_mask;
 	struct shrink_control shrink = {
 		.gfp_mask = sc->gfp_mask,
+		.target_mem_cgroup = sc->target_mem_cgroup,
 	};
 	enum zone_type requested_highidx = gfp_zone(sc->gfp_mask);
 	bool reclaimable = false;
@@ -2400,17 +2435,22 @@ static bool shrink_zones(struct zonelist *zonelist, struct scan_control *sc)
 					gfp_zone(sc->gfp_mask), sc->nodemask) {
 		if (!populated_zone(zone))
 			continue;
+
+		if (global_reclaim(sc) &&
+		    !cpuset_zone_allowed_hardwall(zone, GFP_KERNEL))
+			continue;
+
+		lru_pages += global_reclaim(sc) ?
+				zone_reclaimable_pages(zone) :
+				mem_cgroup_zone_reclaimable_pages(zone,
+						sc->target_mem_cgroup);
+		node_set(zone_to_nid(zone), shrink.nodes_to_scan);
+
 		/*
 		 * Take care memory controller reclaiming has small influence
 		 * to global LRU.
 		 */
 		if (global_reclaim(sc)) {
-			if (!cpuset_zone_allowed_hardwall(zone, GFP_KERNEL))
-				continue;
-
-			lru_pages += zone_reclaimable_pages(zone);
-			node_set(zone_to_nid(zone), shrink.nodes_to_scan);
-
 			if (sc->priority != DEF_PRIORITY &&
 			    !zone_reclaimable(zone))
 				continue;	/* Let kswapd poll it */
@@ -2458,12 +2498,11 @@ static bool shrink_zones(struct zonelist *zonelist, struct scan_control *sc)
 	}
 
 	/*
-	 * Don't shrink slabs when reclaiming memory from over limit cgroups
-	 * but do shrink slab at least once when aborting reclaim for
-	 * compaction to avoid unevenly scanning file/anon LRU pages over slab
-	 * pages.
+	 * Shrink slabs at least once when aborting reclaim for compaction
+	 * to avoid unevenly scanning file/anon LRU pages over slab pages.
 	 */
-	if (global_reclaim(sc)) {
+	if (global_reclaim(sc) ||
+	    memcg_kmem_is_active_subtree(sc->target_mem_cgroup)) {
 		shrink_slab(&shrink, sc->nr_scanned, lru_pages);
 		if (reclaim_state) {
 			sc->nr_reclaimed += reclaim_state->reclaimed_slab;
@@ -2765,6 +2804,7 @@ unsigned long try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
 	struct zonelist *zonelist;
 	unsigned long nr_reclaimed;
 	int nid;
+	struct reclaim_state reclaim_state;
 	struct scan_control sc = {
 		.nr_to_reclaim = SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX,
 		.gfp_mask = (gfp_mask & GFP_RECLAIM_MASK) |
@@ -2785,6 +2825,10 @@ unsigned long try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
 
 	zonelist = NODE_DATA(nid)->node_zonelists;
 
+	lockdep_set_current_reclaim_state(sc.gfp_mask);
+	reclaim_state.reclaimed_slab = 0;
+	current->reclaim_state = &reclaim_state;
+
 	trace_mm_vmscan_memcg_reclaim_begin(0,
 					    sc.may_writepage,
 					    sc.gfp_mask);
@@ -2793,6 +2837,9 @@ unsigned long try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
 
 	trace_mm_vmscan_memcg_reclaim_end(nr_reclaimed);
 
+	current->reclaim_state = NULL;
+	lockdep_clear_current_reclaim_state();
+
 	return nr_reclaimed;
 }
 #endif
-- 
1.7.10.4

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