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Date:	Mon,  6 Oct 2014 20:32:42 +0200
From:	Manfred Spraul <manfred@...orfullife.com>
To:	Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>
Cc:	LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
	Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@...com>,
	Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@...il.com>,
	Rafael Aquini <aquini@...hat.com>,
	Rik van Riel <riel@...hat.com>, 1vier1@....de,
	Manfred Spraul <manfred@...orfullife.com>
Subject: [PATCH 2/3] ipc/sem.c: increase SEMMSL, SEMMNI, SEMOPM

a)
SysV can be abused to allocate locked kernel memory.  For most systems, a
small limit doesn't make sense, see the discussion with regards to SHMMAX.

Therefore: Increase the sysv sem limits so that all known applications
will work with these defaults.

b)
With regards to the maximum supported:
Some of the specified hard limits are not correct anymore, therefore the
patch updates the documentation.

- SEMMNI must stay below IPCMNI, which is 32768.
  As for SHMMAX: Stay a bit below this limit.

- SEMMSL was limited to 8k, to ensure that the kmalloc for the kernel array
  was limited to 16 kB (order=2)

  This doesn't apply anymore:
   - the allocation size isn't sizeof(short)*nsems anymore.
   - ipc_alloc falls back to vmalloc

- SEMOPM should stay below 1000, to limit the kmalloc in semtimedop() to an
  order=1 allocation.
  Therefore: Leave it at 500 (order=0 allocation).

Note:
If an administrator must limit the memory allocations, then he can set the
values as necessary.

Or he can disable sysv entirely (as e.g. done by Android).

Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@...orfullife.com>
---
 include/uapi/linux/sem.h | 18 +++++++++++++++---
 1 file changed, 15 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/sem.h b/include/uapi/linux/sem.h
index 541fce0..dd73b90 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/sem.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/sem.h
@@ -63,10 +63,22 @@ struct  seminfo {
 	int semaem;
 };
 
-#define SEMMNI  128             /* <= IPCMNI  max # of semaphore identifiers */
-#define SEMMSL  250             /* <= 8 000 max num of semaphores per id */
+/*
+ * SEMMNI, SEMMSL and SEMMNS are default values which can be
+ * modified by sysctl.
+ * The values has been chosen to be larger than necessary for any
+ * known configuration.
+ *
+ * SEMOPM should not be increased beyond 1000, otherwise there is the
+ * risk that semop()/semtimedop() fails due to kernel memory fragmentation when
+ * allocating the sop array.
+ */
+
+
+#define SEMMNI  32000           /* <= IPCMNI  max # of semaphore identifiers */
+#define SEMMSL  32000           /* <= INT_MAX max num of semaphores per id */
 #define SEMMNS  (SEMMNI*SEMMSL) /* <= INT_MAX max # of semaphores in system */
-#define SEMOPM  32	        /* <= 1 000 max num of ops per semop call */
+#define SEMOPM  500	        /* <= 1 000 max num of ops per semop call */
 #define SEMVMX  32767           /* <= 32767 semaphore maximum value */
 #define SEMAEM  SEMVMX          /* adjust on exit max value */
 
-- 
1.9.3

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