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Date:	Sun, 12 Oct 2014 12:27:44 +0300
From:	"Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst@...hat.com>
To:	Jason Wang <jasowang@...hat.com>
Cc:	rusty@...tcorp.com.au, virtualization@...ts.linux-foundation.org,
	netdev@...r.kernel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
	linux-api@...r.kernel.org, kvm@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH net-next RFC 1/3] virtio: support for urgent descriptors

On Sat, Oct 11, 2014 at 03:16:44PM +0800, Jason Wang wrote:
> Below should be useful for some experiments Jason is doing.
> I thought I'd send it out for early review/feedback.
> 
> event idx feature allows us to defer interrupts until
> a specific # of descriptors were used.
> Sometimes it might be useful to get an interrupt after
> a specific descriptor, regardless.
> This adds a descriptor flag for this, and an API
> to create an urgent output descriptor.
> This is still an RFC:
> we'll need a feature bit for drivers to detect this,
> but we've run out of feature bits for virtio 0.X.
> For experimentation purposes, drivers can assume
> this is set, or add a driver-specific feature bit.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@...hat.com>
> Signed-off-by: Jason Wang <jasowang@...hat.com>

I see that as compared to my original patch, you have
added a new flag: VRING_AVAIL_F_NO_URGENT_INTERRUPT
I don't think it's necessary, see below.

As such, I think this patch should be split:
- original patch adding support for urgent descriptors
- a patch adding virtqueue_enable/disable_cb_urgent(_prepare)?




> ---
>  drivers/virtio/virtio_ring.c     | 75 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
>  include/linux/virtio.h           | 14 ++++++++
>  include/uapi/linux/virtio_ring.h |  5 ++-
>  3 files changed, 89 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/virtio/virtio_ring.c b/drivers/virtio/virtio_ring.c
> index 4d08f45a..a5188c6 100644
> --- a/drivers/virtio/virtio_ring.c
> +++ b/drivers/virtio/virtio_ring.c
> @@ -115,6 +115,7 @@ static inline struct scatterlist *sg_next_arr(struct scatterlist *sg,
>  
>  /* Set up an indirect table of descriptors and add it to the queue. */
>  static inline int vring_add_indirect(struct vring_virtqueue *vq,
> +				     bool urgent,
>  				     struct scatterlist *sgs[],
>  				     struct scatterlist *(*next)
>  				       (struct scatterlist *, unsigned int *),
> @@ -173,6 +174,8 @@ static inline int vring_add_indirect(struct vring_virtqueue *vq,
>  	/* Use a single buffer which doesn't continue */
>  	head = vq->free_head;
>  	vq->vring.desc[head].flags = VRING_DESC_F_INDIRECT;
> +	if (urgent)
> +		vq->vring.desc[head].flags |= VRING_DESC_F_URGENT;
>  	vq->vring.desc[head].addr = virt_to_phys(desc);
>  	/* kmemleak gives a false positive, as it's hidden by virt_to_phys */
>  	kmemleak_ignore(desc);
> @@ -185,6 +188,7 @@ static inline int vring_add_indirect(struct vring_virtqueue *vq,
>  }
>  
>  static inline int virtqueue_add(struct virtqueue *_vq,
> +			        bool urgent,
>  				struct scatterlist *sgs[],
>  				struct scatterlist *(*next)
>  				  (struct scatterlist *, unsigned int *),
> @@ -227,7 +231,7 @@ static inline int virtqueue_add(struct virtqueue *_vq,
>  	/* If the host supports indirect descriptor tables, and we have multiple
>  	 * buffers, then go indirect. FIXME: tune this threshold */
>  	if (vq->indirect && total_sg > 1 && vq->vq.num_free) {
> -		head = vring_add_indirect(vq, sgs, next, total_sg, total_out,
> +		head = vring_add_indirect(vq, urgent, sgs, next, total_sg, total_out,
>  					  total_in,
>  					  out_sgs, in_sgs, gfp);
>  		if (likely(head >= 0))
> @@ -256,6 +260,10 @@ static inline int virtqueue_add(struct virtqueue *_vq,
>  	for (n = 0; n < out_sgs; n++) {
>  		for (sg = sgs[n]; sg; sg = next(sg, &total_out)) {
>  			vq->vring.desc[i].flags = VRING_DESC_F_NEXT;
> +			if (urgent) {
> +				vq->vring.desc[head].flags |= VRING_DESC_F_URGENT;
> +				urgent = false;
> +			}
>  			vq->vring.desc[i].addr = sg_phys(sg);
>  			vq->vring.desc[i].len = sg->length;
>  			prev = i;
> @@ -265,6 +273,10 @@ static inline int virtqueue_add(struct virtqueue *_vq,
>  	for (; n < (out_sgs + in_sgs); n++) {
>  		for (sg = sgs[n]; sg; sg = next(sg, &total_in)) {
>  			vq->vring.desc[i].flags = VRING_DESC_F_NEXT|VRING_DESC_F_WRITE;
> +			if (urgent) {
> +				vq->vring.desc[head].flags |= VRING_DESC_F_URGENT;
> +				urgent = false;
> +			}
>  			vq->vring.desc[i].addr = sg_phys(sg);
>  			vq->vring.desc[i].len = sg->length;
>  			prev = i;
> @@ -305,6 +317,8 @@ add_head:
>  
>  /**
>   * virtqueue_add_sgs - expose buffers to other end
> + * @urgent: in case virtqueue_enable_cb_delayed was called, cause an interrupt
> + *          after this descriptor was completed
>   * @vq: the struct virtqueue we're talking about.
>   * @sgs: array of terminated scatterlists.
>   * @out_num: the number of scatterlists readable by other side
> @@ -337,7 +351,7 @@ int virtqueue_add_sgs(struct virtqueue *_vq,
>  		for (sg = sgs[i]; sg; sg = sg_next(sg))
>  			total_in++;
>  	}
> -	return virtqueue_add(_vq, sgs, sg_next_chained,
> +	return virtqueue_add(_vq, false, sgs, sg_next_chained,
>  			     total_out, total_in, out_sgs, in_sgs, data, gfp);
>  }
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(virtqueue_add_sgs);
> @@ -360,11 +374,35 @@ int virtqueue_add_outbuf(struct virtqueue *vq,
>  			 void *data,
>  			 gfp_t gfp)
>  {
> -	return virtqueue_add(vq, &sg, sg_next_arr, num, 0, 1, 0, data, gfp);
> +	return virtqueue_add(vq, false, &sg, sg_next_arr, num, 0, 1, 0, data, gfp);
>  }
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(virtqueue_add_outbuf);
>  
>  /**
> + * virtqueue_add_outbuf - expose output buffers to other end
> + *          in case virtqueue_enable_cb_delayed was called, cause an interrupt
> + *          after this descriptor was completed
> + * @vq: the struct virtqueue we're talking about.
> + * @sgs: array of scatterlists (need not be terminated!)
> + * @num: the number of scatterlists readable by other side
> + * @data: the token identifying the buffer.
> + * @gfp: how to do memory allocations (if necessary).
> + *
> + * Caller must ensure we don't call this with other virtqueue operations
> + * at the same time (except where noted).
> + *
> + * Returns zero or a negative error (ie. ENOSPC, ENOMEM, EIO).
> + */
> +int virtqueue_add_outbuf_urgent(struct virtqueue *vq,
> +			 struct scatterlist sg[], unsigned int num,
> +			 void *data,
> +			 gfp_t gfp)
> +{
> +	return virtqueue_add(vq, true, &sg, sg_next_arr, num, 0, 1, 0, data, gfp);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(virtqueue_add_outbuf_urgent);
> +
> +/**
>   * virtqueue_add_inbuf - expose input buffers to other end
>   * @vq: the struct virtqueue we're talking about.
>   * @sgs: array of scatterlists (need not be terminated!)
> @@ -382,7 +420,7 @@ int virtqueue_add_inbuf(struct virtqueue *vq,
>  			void *data,
>  			gfp_t gfp)
>  {
> -	return virtqueue_add(vq, &sg, sg_next_arr, 0, num, 0, 1, data, gfp);
> +	return virtqueue_add(vq, false, &sg, sg_next_arr, 0, num, 0, 1, data, gfp);
>  }
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(virtqueue_add_inbuf);
>  
> @@ -595,6 +633,14 @@ void virtqueue_disable_cb(struct virtqueue *_vq)
>  }
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(virtqueue_disable_cb);
>  
> +void virtqueue_disable_cb_urgent(struct virtqueue *_vq)
> +{
> +	struct vring_virtqueue *vq = to_vvq(_vq);
> +
> +	vq->vring.avail->flags |= VRING_AVAIL_F_NO_URGENT_INTERRUPT;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(virtqueue_disable_cb_urgent);
> +
>  /**
>   * virtqueue_enable_cb_prepare - restart callbacks after disable_cb
>   * @vq: the struct virtqueue we're talking about.
> @@ -626,6 +672,19 @@ unsigned virtqueue_enable_cb_prepare(struct virtqueue *_vq)
>  }
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(virtqueue_enable_cb_prepare);
>  
> +unsigned virtqueue_enable_cb_prepare_urgent(struct virtqueue *_vq)
> +{
> +	struct vring_virtqueue *vq = to_vvq(_vq);
> +	u16 last_used_idx;
> +
> +	START_USE(vq);
> +	vq->vring.avail->flags &= ~VRING_AVAIL_F_NO_URGENT_INTERRUPT;
> +	last_used_idx = vq->last_used_idx;
> +	END_USE(vq);
> +	return last_used_idx;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(virtqueue_enable_cb_prepare_urgent);
> +

You can implement virtqueue_enable_cb_prepare_urgent
simply by clearing ~VRING_AVAIL_F_NO_INTERRUPT.

The effect is same: host sends interrupts only if there
is an urgent descriptor.

>  /**
>   * virtqueue_poll - query pending used buffers
>   * @vq: the struct virtqueue we're talking about.
> @@ -662,6 +721,14 @@ bool virtqueue_enable_cb(struct virtqueue *_vq)
>  }
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(virtqueue_enable_cb);
>  
> +bool virtqueue_enable_cb_urgent(struct virtqueue *_vq)
> +{
> +	unsigned last_used_idx = virtqueue_enable_cb_prepare_urgent(_vq);
> +
> +	return !virtqueue_poll(_vq, last_used_idx);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(virtqueue_enable_cb_urgent);
> +
>  /**
>   * virtqueue_enable_cb_delayed - restart callbacks after disable_cb.
>   * @vq: the struct virtqueue we're talking about.
> diff --git a/include/linux/virtio.h b/include/linux/virtio.h
> index b46671e..68be5f2 100644
> --- a/include/linux/virtio.h
> +++ b/include/linux/virtio.h
> @@ -39,6 +39,12 @@ int virtqueue_add_outbuf(struct virtqueue *vq,
>  			 void *data,
>  			 gfp_t gfp);
>  
> +int virtqueue_add_outbuf_urgent(struct virtqueue *vq,
> +				struct scatterlist sg[], unsigned int num,
> +				void *data,
> +				gfp_t gfp);
> +
> +
>  int virtqueue_add_inbuf(struct virtqueue *vq,
>  			struct scatterlist sg[], unsigned int num,
>  			void *data,
> @@ -61,10 +67,18 @@ void *virtqueue_get_buf(struct virtqueue *vq, unsigned int *len);
>  
>  void virtqueue_disable_cb(struct virtqueue *vq);
>  
> +void virtqueue_disable_cb_urgent(struct virtqueue *vq);
> +
>  bool virtqueue_enable_cb(struct virtqueue *vq);
>  
> +bool virtqueue_enable_cb_urgent(struct virtqueue *vq);
> +
> +bool virtqueue_enable_cb_urgent(struct virtqueue *vq);
> +
>  unsigned virtqueue_enable_cb_prepare(struct virtqueue *vq);
>  
> +unsigned virtqueue_enable_cb_prepare_urgent(struct virtqueue *vq);
> +
>  bool virtqueue_poll(struct virtqueue *vq, unsigned);
>  
>  bool virtqueue_enable_cb_delayed(struct virtqueue *vq);
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/virtio_ring.h b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_ring.h
> index a99f9b7..daf5bb0 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/linux/virtio_ring.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_ring.h
> @@ -39,6 +39,9 @@
>  #define VRING_DESC_F_WRITE	2
>  /* This means the buffer contains a list of buffer descriptors. */
>  #define VRING_DESC_F_INDIRECT	4
> +/* This means the descriptor should cause an interrupt
> + * ignoring avail event idx. */
> +#define VRING_DESC_F_URGENT	8
>  
>  /* The Host uses this in used->flags to advise the Guest: don't kick me when
>   * you add a buffer.  It's unreliable, so it's simply an optimization.  Guest
> @@ -48,7 +51,7 @@
>   * when you consume a buffer.  It's unreliable, so it's simply an
>   * optimization.  */
>  #define VRING_AVAIL_F_NO_INTERRUPT	1
> -
> +#define VRING_AVAIL_F_NO_URGENT_INTERRUPT	2
>  /* We support indirect buffer descriptors */
>  #define VIRTIO_RING_F_INDIRECT_DESC	28
>  
> -- 
> 1.8.3.1
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