lists.openwall.net   lists  /  announce  owl-users  owl-dev  john-users  john-dev  passwdqc-users  yescrypt  popa3d-users  /  oss-security  kernel-hardening  musl  sabotage  tlsify  passwords  /  crypt-dev  xvendor  /  Bugtraq  Full-Disclosure  linux-kernel  linux-netdev  linux-ext4  linux-hardening  PHC 
Open Source and information security mailing list archives
 
Hash Suite: Windows password security audit tool. GUI, reports in PDF.
[<prev] [next>] [<thread-prev] [thread-next>] [day] [month] [year] [list]
Date:	Tue,  6 Oct 2015 09:13:40 -0700
From:	"Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>
To:	linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Cc:	mingo@...nel.org, jiangshanlai@...il.com, dipankar@...ibm.com,
	akpm@...ux-foundation.org, mathieu.desnoyers@...icios.com,
	josh@...htriplett.org, tglx@...utronix.de, peterz@...radead.org,
	rostedt@...dmis.org, dhowells@...hat.com, edumazet@...gle.com,
	dvhart@...ux.intel.com, fweisbec@...il.com, oleg@...hat.com,
	bobby.prani@...il.com,
	"Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>
Subject: [PATCH tip/core/rcu 05/13] rcu: Eliminate panic when silly boot-time fanout specified

This commit loosens rcutree.rcu_fanout_leaf range checks
and replaces a panic() with a fallback to compile-time values.
This fallback is accompanied by a WARN_ON(), and both occur when the
rcutree.rcu_fanout_leaf value is too small to accommodate the number of
CPUs.  For example, given the current four-level limit for the rcu_node
tree, a system with more than 16 CPUs built with CONFIG_FANOUT=2 must
have rcutree.rcu_fanout_leaf larger than 2.

Reported-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
 Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt |  9 ++++++---
 kernel/rcu/tree.c                   | 20 +++++++++++---------
 2 files changed, 17 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
index 22a4b687ea5b..23ec96877311 100644
--- a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -3074,9 +3074,12 @@ bytes respectively. Such letter suffixes can also be entirely omitted.
 			cache-to-cache transfer latencies.
 
 	rcutree.rcu_fanout_leaf= [KNL]
-			Increase the number of CPUs assigned to each
-			leaf rcu_node structure.  Useful for very large
-			systems.
+			Change the number of CPUs assigned to each
+			leaf rcu_node structure.  Useful for very
+			large systems, which will choose the value 64,
+			and for NUMA systems with large remote-access
+			latencies, which will choose a value aligned
+			with the appropriate hardware boundaries.
 
 	rcutree.jiffies_till_sched_qs= [KNL]
 			Set required age in jiffies for a
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree.c b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
index 93c0f23c3e45..713eb92314b4 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/tree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
@@ -4230,13 +4230,12 @@ static void __init rcu_init_geometry(void)
 		rcu_fanout_leaf, nr_cpu_ids);
 
 	/*
-	 * The boot-time rcu_fanout_leaf parameter is only permitted
-	 * to increase the leaf-level fanout, not decrease it.  Of course,
-	 * the leaf-level fanout cannot exceed the number of bits in
-	 * the rcu_node masks.  Complain and fall back to the compile-
-	 * time values if these limits are exceeded.
+	 * The boot-time rcu_fanout_leaf parameter must be at least two
+	 * and cannot exceed the number of bits in the rcu_node masks.
+	 * Complain and fall back to the compile-time values if this
+	 * limit is exceeded.
 	 */
-	if (rcu_fanout_leaf < RCU_FANOUT_LEAF ||
+	if (rcu_fanout_leaf < 2 ||
 	    rcu_fanout_leaf > sizeof(unsigned long) * 8) {
 		rcu_fanout_leaf = RCU_FANOUT_LEAF;
 		WARN_ON(1);
@@ -4253,10 +4252,13 @@ static void __init rcu_init_geometry(void)
 
 	/*
 	 * The tree must be able to accommodate the configured number of CPUs.
-	 * If this limit is exceeded than we have a serious problem elsewhere.
+	 * If this limit is exceeded, fall back to the compile-time values.
 	 */
-	if (nr_cpu_ids > rcu_capacity[RCU_NUM_LVLS - 1])
-		panic("rcu_init_geometry: rcu_capacity[] is too small");
+	if (nr_cpu_ids > rcu_capacity[RCU_NUM_LVLS - 1]) {
+		rcu_fanout_leaf = RCU_FANOUT_LEAF;
+		WARN_ON(1);
+		return;
+	}
 
 	/* Calculate the number of levels in the tree. */
 	for (i = 0; nr_cpu_ids > rcu_capacity[i]; i++) {
-- 
2.5.2

--
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@...r.kernel.org
More majordomo info at  http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at  http://www.tux.org/lkml/

Powered by blists - more mailing lists